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WRITING YOUR PROJECT REPORT. Lecture 12 Professional Development and Research Lecturer: R. Milyankova. Objectives of the lecture. View the writing of the final project report Write in such a way that you can reflect on all you have learned while conducting the research - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • WRITING YOUR PROJECT REPORTLecture 12Professional Development and ResearchLecturer: R. Milyankova

  • Objectives of the lectureView the writing of the final project reportWrite in such a way that you can reflect on all you have learned while conducting the researchWrite a final project report that presents an authoritative account on your researchEnsure that your report meets the necessity assessment criteria

  • Getting started with writingWriting is the only time when we really thinkWriting while studying in school or university is rehearsing the ideas of others (that is why boring) Start writing the moment you start working on the projectDo not worry that most recent publications will not be included they can be easily incorporated

  • Getting started with writingCreate time for your writing you need concentration. In order to write 2000 words you need a dayWrite when your mind is fresh writing is a highly creative processFind a regular writing place combine the psychological comfort with the practical features of your writing placeSet REALISTIC goals and achieve them this needs self-discipline; if the goals are too ambitious the quality of your work may suffer as you rush to meet the goalUse a word processor longhand writing and then verbatim; word count is a priority; make enough copies

  • Getting started with writingGenerate a plan set your own system, generate stages:- write the main topic in the middle of the page;- jot down the other ideas that occur to you at other points on the page;- as the page begins to fill, relationships between ideas suggest themselves and lines between the ideas may be drawn;- this allows you to group the ideas into discrete but related chunks, which enables to form a section or a chapter.Finish the writing session on a high point - if it is a complex session you may forget the main ideaGet friends to read your work your project tutor should not be the first to read your work

  • Starting your project report1. Suggested structure: Rationale and research questions Literature review Methods Findings Analysis and conclusions References Appendices This structure helps when you select the deductive approachIt could be different when you select the inductive approach

  • Starting your project reporta/ The rationale most important, contains four short paragraphs, answering the questions:- What are my research questions and why are they so important- How will I go about answering these research questions;- What will I find out in answer of my research questions;- What conclusions shall I draw regarding my research questions.It should be short (i.e. 300 500 words)It must be self-contained it must summarize the complete content of your reportMust satisfy the readers needsMust convey the same emphasis as the report itself the reader must get and accurate impression of the reports contentShould be objective, precise and easy to read

  • Starting your project reportb/ The literature review informs directly about any specific hypothesis that your research is designed to testc/ Methodology should help in understanding the reliability and validity of methods, selected by you and includes:Setting:- what was the research setting- why did you choose it - what ethical issues are raised with this study and how are they addressed

  • Starting your project reportParticipants in the sample:- how many- how were they selected- what were their characteristics - how were refusals / non-returned handledMaterials- tests / scales / interviews or observation schedules / questionnaires that were used- how were these instruments developed- how were the resulting data analyzed

  • Starting your project reportProcedures- What are the characteristics of the interviewers and observers, how they were trained- how valid and reliable you think the procedures were- what instructions were given to participants- how many interviews, observations, questionnaires were there, how long did they last, where did they take place- when was the research carried out

  • Starting your project reportd/ Findings here you report the facts and that is most easy to write, - present just facts and do not start to discuss them- structure your findings in a clear and easily understood manner use tables, graphs, diagrams e/ Analysis and conclusions as long as Findings- for each finding there should be at least one conclusion- you may use a matrix to easily explain the resultsf/ References FootnotesHarvard / APAg/ Appendices should be kept to the minimum

  • About the writing styleClarity and simplicity one idea, one sentenceWrite simple sentences they speak about common sense Avoid jargon even the professional oneCheck your spelling and grammar the word processor does not help when you want to use morale instead of moralUse the proper person, tense and gender be careful with passive and active voice,

  • Meeting the assessment criteria They depend on the research programme Lower levels - Show knowledge and comprehension of the topic coveredIntermediate levels show application and analysisHigher levels show synthesis and evaluation


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