World History Through Architecture and Art
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DESCRIPTIONWorld History Through Architecture and Art. ANCIENT EGYPT. The theme of Egyptian architecture is: The Focus on the afterlife Pyramids were built mostly by slaves to serve as tombs when the Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs died. There are 138 pyramids found in Egypt as of 2008 . - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Architecture and Art in Western Civilizations
Through Architecture and Art
ANCIENT EGYPTThe theme of Egyptian architecture is: The Focus on the afterlifePyramids were built mostly by slaves to serve as tombs when the Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs died.There are 138 pyramids found in Egypt as of 2008.
Surveying the sands of Giza, the great Sphinx has stood guard since about 2500 B.C. The greatest monumental sculpture in the ancient world, the Sphinx is carved out of a single ridge of stone 240 feet (73 meters) long and 66 feet (20 meters) high. It represent the body of a lion with the head of a king or a god.The Great Sphinx in Egypt
Ancient MesopotamiaZigguratsThese were temples not tombs.Kings built these temples to perform religious ceremonies.Scientists have discovered 19 ziggurats and we know of 10 more through literature.
Ancient GreeceThe ParthenonGreek Art and ArchitectureBuilt in the city of Athens and dedicated to the goddess Athena.
Greek life was dominated by religion, their buildings were dedicated to the Gods.The column is a common feature in their structures.Their art tries to portray the human body in motion and the beauty of humans.They used marble and limestone to build these structures.
Famous Greek StructuresThe Dodoni Greek TheaterThe Temple of Poseidon
Ancient RomeThe ColiseumRoman AqueductsCompleted in the year 80 A.D. by the emperor Vespasian.The coliseum seated 55,000 spectators and was used to entertain the Romans.Built to carry water from lakes to the Roman cities. The Arch was used for support.The aqueducts provided Romans with a constant flow of water for their needs.
More Roman StructuresOne of 1000s of roads the Romans built by their army.The remains of the famous Roman Forum
The Verona Arena built to seat up to 30,000 people.The Baalbek temple built in Lebanon.
Ruins from the ancient city of Pompeii. Destroyed by Mount Vesuvius in background. Theater built in 16 B.C. in Merida (seats 6,000)Notice how the Romans portrayed the human body.
Byzantium EmpireHagia Sophia Basilica of San VitaleBuilt in 537; has been a church, mosque and museum. Located in Istanbul, Turkey.Byzantine cathedral built in 547 in Italy.
Byzantine Influence in RussiaSt. Basil Cathedral Moscow 1561 The Hermitage St. Petersburg 1764
Famous Ancient Structures in AsiaThe Great Wall of China built over 2000 years to protect China from outside invaders.
Angkor Wat is the largest Hindu temple in the world. Located in Cambodia it was built in the 12 century.
Famous Ancient Structures in AsiaForbidden City: built in 1406 in China during the Ming dynasty, has over 1000 buildings and was home to the emperor.
The Shwedagon Pagoda located in Myanmar is over 2500 years old and is one of the most sacred Buddhist temples in Asia.
Famous Ancient Structures in AsiaThe Taj Mahal in Arga, India was built by emperor Shah Jahan for his wife. It took 20,000 workers and was completed in 1653.
The Potala Palace, located in Tibet was built in 1659 is the highest elevated Buddhist temple in the world.
Architecture of the Middle AgesChartres Cathedral in France (1193)
Cathedrals of the Middle AgesNotre Dame de Paris Paris, France Built in 1163Cologne Cathedral Cologne, Germany Built in 1248
Salisbury Cathedral Salisbury, England Built in 1258A new style of architecture emerged in Europe during the Middle Ages. Some common traits of these Medieval churches included:A. Stained glass windowsB. High vaulted ceilingsC. Tall arches and spiresD. Heavy roofs with thick walls.
Cathedrals were built in all European cities and represented the wealth of the church.
More examples of Middle Age ArchitectureThe Leaning Tower of Pisa (Italy) 1173 - 1399Mont Saint Michel (France)
Castles of the Middle AgesTower of London London, England Built in 1078Windsor Castle Berkshire, England Built in 1086
European Renaissance ArchitectureSanta Maria del Fiore Florence, Italy (1446)
St. Peters BasilicaVatican City (1506)* Worlds largest church
Renaissance ArchitectureArchitects were inspired by the highly symmetrical and carefully proportioned buildings of Classical Greece and Rome.
Features of Renaissance buildings: - Symmetrical arrangement of windows and doors. - Extensive use ofcolumnsandpilasters. - Arches - Domes - Sculptures
Famous Renaissance Paintings
Architecture from the Enlightenment Period 1600 - 1800Architecture was marked by a return to the intrinsic dignity of what a contemporary called "the noble simplicity and tranquil loftiness of the ancients.
Classical style had resisted baroque influences, the great country houses of the nobility now exhibited a purity of design, which often included a portico with Corinthian columns.
24Palace of VersaillesHistory and How the Palace of Versailles was constructed
Architecture in the Americas: Pre-ColumbusMachu Picchu (The Incas)
Chichen Itza (The Mayans)
Tenochtitlan (The Aztecs)
Famous Structures in the United StatesMount RushmoreStatue of Liberty
Famous Structures in the United StatesGolden Gate BridgeEmpire State Building
Famous Structures in the United StatesSt. Louis ArchWashington Monument
Famous modern works around the worldIn the United Kingdom
Around the world
Man Made StructuresWe are still learning aboutStonehenge
Built around 2600 B.C.
Easter Island Heads
Easter Island (Pacific Ocean)
Built around 13th to 15th centuries
The Great Zimbabwe Ruins
Built around the 11th century
The three buried ancient circles in Turkey
Built long before Stonehenge in Southern Turkey these ancient relics still pose questions for scientists.
And FinallySome pictures of the worlds tallest structures(1) Burj KhalifaDubia, UAE (2010)2717 Feet(2) Shanghai TowerShanghai, China (2014)2073 Feet
(3) Makkah Royal Clock Tower HotelMecca, Saudi Arabia (2012)1971 Feet(5) Taipei 101Taipei, Taiwan (2004)1670 Feet
(8/9) Petronas TowersKuala Lumpur, Malaysia (1998)1483 Feet
(57) Burj Al ArabDubai, UAE (1999)1053 Feet
Hopefully you have seen how architecture has changed over the centuries and time periods. It will be interesting to see how architecture will evolve in the 21st century.