World History II SOL Review Industrial Revolution – Russian Revolution.

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  • Slide 1
  • World History II SOL Review Industrial Revolution Russian Revolution
  • Slide 2
  • Industrial Revolution Where began in England because of its natural resources like coal and iron and the invention of the steam engine then spread to Europe and the U.S. Where began in England because of its natural resources like coal and iron and the invention of the steam engine then spread to Europe and the U.S. Enclosure Movement fence in common fields to use land for raising sheep or mass producing food puts small farmers out of business Enclosure Movement fence in common fields to use land for raising sheep or mass producing food puts small farmers out of business Inventions spinning jenny, steam engine (Watt), cotton gin (Whitney), process for making steel (Bessemer), smallpox vaccine (Jenner), and rabies vaccine (Pasteur) Inventions spinning jenny, steam engine (Watt), cotton gin (Whitney), process for making steel (Bessemer), smallpox vaccine (Jenner), and rabies vaccine (Pasteur)
  • Slide 3
  • Industrial Revolution Population increased (more food, better medicine, and healthier diets) Population increased (more food, better medicine, and healthier diets) Standard of Living increased (products became more affordable machine made) Standard of Living increased (products became more affordable machine made) Working Conditions long hours, dangerous, low pay, etc + preferred women and children (pay them less) Working Conditions long hours, dangerous, low pay, etc + preferred women and children (pay them less) Labor Unions increase pay and improve working conditions + bargain with employers Labor Unions increase pay and improve working conditions + bargain with employers
  • Slide 4
  • Industrial Revolution Urbanization movement of people to cities (crowded and unsanitary conditions) Urbanization movement of people to cities (crowded and unsanitary conditions) Environment pollution Environment pollution Transportation faster (railroad and steamboat) Transportation faster (railroad and steamboat) Women increased demands for suffrage (right to vote) Women increased demands for suffrage (right to vote) Children expansion of education Children expansion of education
  • Slide 5
  • Economic Theories - Capitalism Adam Smith wrote Wealth of Nations Adam Smith wrote Wealth of Nations Laissez-faire economics government does not interfere in the economy Laissez-faire economics government does not interfere in the economy Laws of supply and demand Laws of supply and demand Competition Competition Private ownership Private ownership
  • Slide 6
  • Economic Theories - Socialism Government owns and operates major industries and small farms and businesses are privately owned Government owns and operates major industries and small farms and businesses are privately owned
  • Slide 7
  • Economic Theories - Communism Karl Marx wrote Communist Manifesto Karl Marx wrote Communist Manifesto Response to the injustices of capitalism (some people are poor while some are rich) Response to the injustices of capitalism (some people are poor while some are rich) Redistribute wealth Redistribute wealth Government owns and operates everything Government owns and operates everything
  • Slide 8
  • Imperialism Definition - the domination by one country of the political, cultural, or economic life of another country Definition - the domination by one country of the political, cultural, or economic life of another country Colonies most expensive + most control (ex. India was a colony of Great Britain) Colonies most expensive + most control (ex. India was a colony of Great Britain) Protectorates leave local rulers in place but tell them what to do (ex. Egypt was a protectorate of Great Britain) Protectorates leave local rulers in place but tell them what to do (ex. Egypt was a protectorate of Great Britain)
  • Slide 9
  • Imperialism Spheres of Influence - an area in which an outside power claimed exclusive investment or trading privileges + least restrictive (Ex. China) Spheres of Influence - an area in which an outside power claimed exclusive investment or trading privileges + least restrictive (Ex. China) America opened trade with Japan (gifts of technology) America opened trade with Japan (gifts of technology) Missionaries Christianize the people of Africa and Asia Missionaries Christianize the people of Africa and Asia Suez Canal shortcut between Europe and Asia Suez Canal shortcut between Europe and Asia Industrial Revolution created a new need for markets and raw materials Industrial Revolution created a new need for markets and raw materials
  • Slide 10
  • Imperialism Armed Conflicts Boxer Rebellion + Opium War, etc Armed Conflicts Boxer Rebellion + Opium War, etc
  • Slide 11
  • World War I - Causes Militarism - European countries competed with one another to see which one could have the best army and navy Militarism - European countries competed with one another to see which one could have the best army and navy Alliances Central Powers (Austria- Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria, and Ottoman Empire) vs. Allies (France, Britain, and Russia) Alliances Central Powers (Austria- Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria, and Ottoman Empire) vs. Allies (France, Britain, and Russia) Imperialism competition for colonies Imperialism competition for colonies Nationalism people of the same ethnic background want a homeland Nationalism people of the same ethnic background want a homeland
  • Slide 12
  • World War I - Events Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand spark that started the war Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand spark that started the war U.S. enters the war (1917) unrestricted submarine warfare and Zimmerman note U.S. enters the war (1917) unrestricted submarine warfare and Zimmerman note Russia exits the war (1917) Russian Revolution Russia exits the war (1917) Russian Revolution
  • Slide 13
  • World War I Major Leaders Woodrow Wilson President of the U.S. (Fourteen Points/League of Nations) Woodrow Wilson President of the U.S. (Fourteen Points/League of Nations) Kaiser Wilhelm II leader of Germany Kaiser Wilhelm II leader of Germany
  • Slide 14
  • World War I Outcomes Colonies participated in the war increased demands for independence (ex. India wanted independence from Great Britain) Colonies participated in the war increased demands for independence (ex. India wanted independence from Great Britain) End of Russian, Ottoman, German, and Austro-Hungarian Empires End of Russian, Ottoman, German, and Austro-Hungarian Empires Lots of destruction, lives lost, and social disruption Lots of destruction, lives lost, and social disruption Treaty of Versailles forced Germany to accept guilt for war and loss of territory + pay reparations + limited German military Treaty of Versailles forced Germany to accept guilt for war and loss of territory + pay reparations + limited German military
  • Slide 15
  • World War I League of Nations Peacekeeping organization established to prevent future wars Peacekeeping organization established to prevent future wars Failed organization could not enforce its decisions Failed organization could not enforce its decisions U.S. never joined League of Nations (isolated) did not sign Treaty of Versailles U.S. never joined League of Nations (isolated) did not sign Treaty of Versailles
  • Slide 16
  • World War I Mandate System France and Great Britain became mandatory powers in the Middle East France and Great Britain became mandatory powers in the Middle East Divided Ottoman Empire into new countries (Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, and Palestine) Divided Ottoman Empire into new countries (Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, and Palestine) British controlled Iraq, Palestine, and Transjordan & France controlled Syria and Lebanon British controlled Iraq, Palestine, and Transjordan & France controlled Syria and Lebanon
  • Slide 17
  • Russian Revolution - Causes Defeat in war with Japan in 1905 Defeat in war with Japan in 1905 Landless peasantry Landless peasantry Incompetence of Tsar Nicholas II (absolute monarchy) Incompetence of Tsar Nicholas II (absolute monarchy) Losing in World War I Losing in World War I
  • Slide 18
  • Russian Revolution - Lenin Led the Russian Revolution Led the Russian Revolution New Economic Policy goal (improve Russias economy) socialism (meant to be temporary) New Economic Policy goal (improve Russias economy) socialism (meant to be temporary)
  • Slide 19
  • Russian Revolution - Stalin Five Year Plan goal (make Soviet Union a modern industrial power) command economy (government controls everything) production improved while standard of living remained poor Five Year Plan goal (make Soviet Union a modern industrial power) command economy (government controls everything) production improved while standard of living remained poor Collectivization of Farms no more private ownership government farms or collectives (work as a group) - did not improve farm output (grain production grew slightly while meat, vegetables, and fruits remained in short supply) Collectivization of Farms no more private ownership government farms or collectives (work as a group) - did not improve farm output (grain production grew slightly while meat, vegetables, and fruits remained in short supply) Secret Police + Great Purge (destroy enemies) Secret Police + Great Purge (destroy enemies)

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