women’s movements of the 1920s and the 1960s

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Women’s movements of the 1920s and the 1960s. Paige Z. Ahap KLM Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY. How does the women’s movement of the 1920s compare with the women’s movement of the 1960s?. 1920s. Background. Historically, women have been considered intellectually inferior to men. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Womens movements of the 1920s and the 1960s

    Paige Z. Ahap KLM

    Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

  • How does the womens movement of the 1920s compare with the womens movement of the 1960s?

  • 1920s

  • Background

    Historically, women have been considered intellectually inferior to men.They were seen as major sources of temptation and evil. Women were also considered naturally weaker than men

    -Eisenberg, Bonnie, and Mary Ruthsdotter. "Living the Legacy: the Women's Rights Movement 1848 - 1998." Women's Rights Movement. 1998. 5 June 2007 .

  • Woman is the gate of the devil, the path of wickedness, the sting of the serpent, in a word a perilous object.

    -- St. Jerome, a 4th-c
    Latin father of the
    Christian church

    -Eisenberg, Bonnie, and Mary Ruthsdotter. "Living the Legacy: the Women's Rights Movement 1848 - 1998." Women's Rights Movement. 1998. 5 June 2007 .

  • Flappers

    -"Flapper Culture & Style." The Jazz Age. 2001. 1 June 2007 .

  • Flappers

    These women challenged traditional American values.Characteristics of a Flapper:Short, bobbed hairShort hems on their skirts Listened to Jazz musicWore makeupDrank hard liquorSmoked cigarettesTreating sex in a more casual mannerWere opposed to the conventional social and sexual norms

    -"Flapper Culture & Style." The Jazz Age. 2001. 1 June 2007 .

  • 19th Amendment

    The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

    It was ratified on August 18th, 1920.

    Mount, Steve. "U.S Constitution- Amendment 19." The U.S. Constitution Online. 2007. 31 May 2007 .

  • -Chapin. "Two's Company, Three's a Crowd." Cartoon. Literary Digest. 6 June 2007 .

  • Alice Paul

    She was the head of National Womens Party.Felt that the 19th Amendment wasnt enough.Pushed for an Equal Rights Amendment to be added to the constitution.

    January 11th, 1885- July 9th, 1977

    -Lewis, Jone J. "Women's History." About.Com. 2001. New York Times. 15 May 2007 .

    -"Alice Paul: Feminist, Suffragist and Political Strategist." Alice Paul Institute. 23 May 2007. 31 May 2007 .

  • The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)

    Men and women shall have equal rights throughout the United States and every place subject to its jurisdiction.

    It was first introduced to Congress in 1923. Made all forms of discrimination based on sex illegal.Never passed in Congress.

    -"Equal Rights Amendment." National Organization of Women. 2007. NOW. 19 May 2007 .

  • Margaret Sanger

    In 1921, she founded the American Birth Control League (ABCL)Today known as Planned ParenthoodIn 1923, she established the Clinical Research Bureau. The first legal birth
    control clinic in the U.S.Women were then able to control their own bodies.This movement educated women about existing
    birth control methods.A 1936, a Supreme Court decision declassified
    birth control information as obscene.

    -Eisenberg, Bonnie, and Mary Ruthsdotter. "Living the Legacy: the Women's Rights Movement 1848 - 1998." Women's Rights Movement. 1998. 5 June 2007 .

  • Woman was created to be man's helpmeet, but her unique role is in conception . . . since for other purposes men would be better assisted by other men."

    --Thomas Aquinas, 13th century Christian theologian

  • Adkins v. Childrens Hospital 1923

    The Supreme Court decided that a minimum wage for women violated the right to freedom of contract.

    William Howard Taft was the Chief Justice

    -"Womens Rights." Encarta. 2007. MSN. 1 June 2007 .

  • Womens Bureau of the Department of Labor

    In 1920, the Women's Bureau of the Department of Labor was established to gather information about the situation of women at work, and to advocate for changes it found were needed. Many suffragists became actively involved with lobbying for legislation to protect women workers from abuse and unsafe conditions.

    -Eisenberg, Bonnie, and Mary Ruthsdotter. "Living the Legacy: the Women's Rights Movement 1848 - 1998." Women's Rights Movement. 1998. 5 June 2007 .

  • Pink Collared Jobs

    Gave women a taste of the work world.Low paying service occupations.Made less money than men did doing the same jobs.Examples of jobs:SecretariesTeachersTelephone operatorsNurses

    -Patterson, June. "Telephone Operators in Hazard 1961." Hazard Kentucky and Perry County; a Photo History. 1961. 29 May 2007 .

  • Pink Collared Jobs

    Women were confined to traditional feminine fields in the work force.The new professional women was the most vivid and widely publicized image in the 1920s.But in reality, most middle class married women remained at home to care for their children.

    -Tranter, John. Mother, NE Anne Katherine Brown, Circa 1920. 1920. Australia. JohnTrater.com. 31 May 2007 .

  • 1928 Olympics

    These were the first Olympics that women were allowed to compete in.There were many arguments about these actions.Some argued that it was historically inappropriate since women did not compete in ancient Greek Olympics.Others said that physical competition was injurious to women.

    The 1928 Dutch Womens Gymnastics team. They won the gold medal in the group event.

    -"Sports: Track & Field--the 1928 Olympics." HerStory. 2007. 1 June 2007 .

    -1928 Olympics. 1928. Amsterdam. The Holocaust. 1 June 2007 .

  • Education

    By 1928, women were earning 39% of the college degrees given in the United States.It had risen from the original 19% it was at the beginning of the century.Example:In 1926, Sarah Lawrence College was founded as an all girls school

    -Graduation. 1926. Historical Timeline of the University of Idaho. University of Idaho. 1 June 2007 .

    -"1920s." Women of the Century. 2006. Discovery Channel. 1 June 2007 .

  • 1960s

  • Background

    The Women's Rights Movement of the 1960s was a second wave of activism.The women's movement of the 1960s drew inspiration from the civil rights movementIt was made up of members of the middle classIt was also caused by the sexual revolution of the 1960sSparked by the development of the birth-control pill in 1960

    Martin Luther King Jr. giving his
    "I Have A Dream, 1963

    -Eisenberg, Bonnie, and Mary Ruthsdotter. "Living the Legacy: the Women's Rights Movement 1848 - 1998." Women's Rights Movement. 1998. 5 June 2007 .

  • Background Cont

    Sexual assault and domestic violence became central targets of women's activismThe crime of rape begins to increase in numbersRape is sex without consent, both legally and sociallySusan Brownmiller's book, Against Her Will, examines the history of rape Feminists work to create domestic violence shelters and rape crisis hotlines

    -Eisenberg, Bonnie, and Mary Ruthsdotter. "Living the Legacy: the Women's Rights Movement 1848 - 1998." Women's Rights Movement. 1998. 5 June 2007 .

  • National Organization for Women (NOW)

    Founded in 1966.Founded by a group of people, including Betty Friedan, and Rev. Pauli Murray.The first African-American woman Episcopal priest. Betty Friedan became the organization's first president.

    -"NOW." National Organization for Women. 4 June 2007 .

  • NOW (cont.)

    The goal of NOW is to bring about equality for all women. They campaigned to gain passage of the ERA amendment at the state level.Issues NOW deals with:works to eliminate discrimination and harassment in the workplace, schools, and the justice system.secure abortion, birth control and reproductive rights for all womenend all forms of violence against womeneradicate racism, sexism and homophobia promote equality and justice in society.

    -"NOW." National Organization for Women. 4 June 2007 .

  • Rachel Carson

    Wrote the controversial book, Silent SpringIt says that pesticides are destroying wildlife and endangering humanity. May 27th, 1907- April 14th, 1964

    May 27th, 1907- April 14th, 1964

    -"1960s." Women of the Century. 2006. Discovery Channel. 1 June 2007 .

    -Corbis-Bettmann. Rachel Carson. 1963. Carson, Rachel. 1 June 2007 .

  • Betty Friedan

    Wrote the book, Feminine Mystique in 1963.In her book, she depicted the roles of women in industrial societies. She focused most of her attention on the housewife role of women. She referred to the problem of gender roles as "the problem without a name". The book became a bestseller and was the cause for the second wave of feminism in the 60s.

    Feb. 4th, 1921- Feb. 4th, 2006

    -"Betty Friedan." Women of the Hall. 1993. National Women's Hall of Fame. 4 June 2007 .

    -Bachir, John J. Betty Friedan. 2006. JJB Blog. 4 June 2007 .

  • The problem that has no namewhich is simply the fact that American women are kept from growing to their full human capacitiesis taking a far greater toll on the physical and mental health of our country than any known disease.

    -- Betty Friedan

    -Bachir, John J. Betty Friedan. 2006. JJB Blog. 4 June 2007 .

  • Shirley Chisholm

    In 1968 Shirley Chisholm of New York was the first black woman elected to the House of Representatives.

    November 30, 1924 to January 1, 2005

    -"Chisholm, Shirley Anita." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. 2005. 7 June 2007 .

  • First national Commission on the Status of Women

    President Kennedy
    established the first
    national Commission
    on the Status of
    Women in 1961. In 1963 the commission issued a report detailing employment discrimination, unequal pay, legal inequality, and insufficient support servic

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