windows xp: continue files and folders

Download Windows XP: Continue Files and Folders

Post on 04-Feb-2016




0 download

Embed Size (px)


Windows XP: Continue Files and Folders. Files & Directories. We store programs and data on secondary storage devices using a file system . These are stored in structures called files (documents) and directories (folders) Think of it as a filing cabinet. Secondary Storage. File Systems. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • Windows XP:ContinueFiles and Folders

  • Files & DirectoriesWe store programs and data on secondary storage devices using a file system.These are stored in structures called files (documents) and directories (folders)Think of it as a filing cabinet...

  • Secondary Storage

  • File SystemsWin XP uses 2 basic file systemsFile Allocation Table (FAT)NT File System (NTFS)master record of all data stored in filing cabinetstores the name of the file/directory and its location on the drive

  • DirectoriesFiles are stored in directories or foldersrepresented with a manilla folder iconA root directory is a special direcory equivalent to a drawer in the cabinet.Ex: A:\ is the root directory on the A: driveFolders may be stored inside folders, these are subdirectories.

  • FilesFiles are equivalent to the individual documents in a folder.2 basic typesProgam files - applications and their partsData files - special files containing user dataBoth files and folders in Win XP can have names with up to 255 characters, including spaces.

  • Document TypesDocuments are shown as a piece of paper with an icon representing the type of information in it.If the application is known the document is called an associated document.Double-clicking an ass. Doc. Starts the appropriate application.If unknown, its the windows icon, must use open with...

  • Navigating the File System2 ways to navigate the file system in NTicon viewtree viewIcon viewas in My Computer windowfiles and folders depicted as separate iconsseparate windows open for each folder selectedCan see the details of the document using detail view

  • Navigating the File SystemTree viewAs in Explorer windowfiles and folders represented in a hierarchical tree diagramstill makes use of iconsgives more informationshows relationship between the drives, folders and files.

  • Selecting Documents & FoldersYou can use the mouse to select single or multiple documents and folders.Single object - point and clickMultiple objects Adjacent objectshold Shift while selecting the endpointsor dragNon-adjacent objectshold CTRL while selecting objects

  • Working with Files & FoldersOnce you have selected there are 4 ways to carry out tasks in Explorerselect menu item or toolbar buttonright-click and select from menudragpress a key or key-sequence

  • Common TasksCopy - copy object to another locationMove - move object to another locationDelete - delete object(s)Rename - rename the objectPrint - print if possibleOpen - display object(s) in appropriate application window

  • Notes on Common TasksWhen using the drag option, keep in mind thatobjects dragged to a new location on the same disk will be movedobjects dragged to a new location on a different disk will be copiedcan use modifier keys to ensure the correct operationCTRL for copy; SHIFT for move

  • Right-click Context MenusSome handy operations in the context menuswithin a folder can create a New folderScan for Viruses (Norton)Send to Print - can print ass. docs. directlyCreate Shortcut

  • Formatting a Data DiskFormat initializes a disk so it conforms to the format use by your computerIn Explorer, right-click on the A: driveSelect the Format.. command.2 optionsQuick Format - for previously formatted Full Format - for unformatted

  • The Print ManagerStart/Settings/Printersclicking on the icon for a particular printer will open the print queue for that printer.Can manage your print jobs from hereex: Cancel

  • SearchFind a fileFind a folderUsing name or partial nameAdvance search (time, size, etc.)

  • Print ScreenPrint the whole screenPrint a window

  • Desktop PropertiesRight-click on an empty spot on the desktop and select Propertiescan control the appearance of your desktop hereChange resolutionChange screen saver can edit start menuUse Help

  • Compress FilesCompress: take a file on your hard drive and make it's size becomes smaller and therefore takes up less storage space and is faster to upload or download on a network or the Internet

    A compressor is a program that actually compresses another file. Examples: gzip, WinRar, and winzip

    Some format of files can be compressed more than some other types. Word document, .exe files can be compressed more. Bitmap, gif, jpeg, mps files can hardly compressed.

  • ArchiveAn archival program takes many separate files and archives them into one file. For example, an archival program would allow you to take a directory of files and archive them into one file that you can then send as an email with a single attachment for all those individual files.An archive is a single file that contains many separate files. These individual files can be extracted from the main archiveArchival programs are used often to back up data. You would use archives to backup a folder or a number of files into a single file and compress them as well. This allows you to save space and then store that individual file on a floppy or other removable media.

  • Types of archives and file compressors Program*File ExtensionTypeOperating System**WinZip.zipArchive/CompressDOS/WindowsWinRar.rarArchive/CompressDOS/WindowsArj.arjArchive/CompressDOS/WindowsGzip.gzCompressUnix/LinuxCompress.ZCompressUnix/LinuxTAR.tarArchiveUnix/LinuxStuffit Expander.hqxArchive/CompressApple