Wild & Woolly Winter 2012

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Wild & Woolly is a quarterly newsletter for sheep and goat producers. It is published by University of Maryland Extension.

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<ul><li><p>I N S I D E T H I S I S S U E : </p><p>Pasture vs. Pen-Fed Goats </p><p>2 </p><p>Hoof Diseases in Sheep and Goats </p><p>3 </p><p>Wanted: Bucks for Per-formance Testing </p><p>4 </p><p>Using Grain to Improve Goat Carcass Quality and Value </p><p>5 </p><p>Webinars - Sheep and Goat Nutrition and Feed-ing </p><p>5 </p><p>Ewe and Doe Management </p><p>6 </p><p>2012 Shearing School for Beginners </p><p>6 </p><p>Sheep and Goat Produc-tion in Brazil </p><p>7 </p><p>Another Successful Lambing &amp; Kidding School </p><p>8 </p><p>UMCP Sheep Flock - 2011 Recap </p><p>8 </p><p>Recipe - BAAAAA Sliders </p><p>9 </p><p>New Source for McMas-ter Slides </p><p>9 </p><p>Featured Web Site 9 </p><p>2012 Jr. Sheep &amp; Wool Skillathon </p><p>10 </p><p>Shepherds of the Year 11 </p><p>W I N T E R 2 0 1 2 V O L U M E 1 V I S S U E 1 I I </p><p>Wild &amp; Woolly </p><p> Equal access programs University of Maryland Extension programs are open to all citizens without regard to race, color, gender, disability, religion, age, sexual orientation, marital or parental status, or national origin.</p><p>Shearer Headed To New Zealand </p><p>TheUniversityofMarylandExtensionSmallRuminantProgramisnowonFacebookathttp://www.facebook.com/MDSmallRuminant.Facebookisasocialnetworkingwebsite.Youcanaskandanswerquestions,makecom-ments,andshareideas,links,pictures,andvid-eos.Manyfarmersandagriculturalorganiza-tionshaveFacebookpagestopromotetheirproductsandcommunicatewithconsumers.YoucanviewtheSmallRuminantProgramFacebookpagewithoutcreatingafacebookaccount.However,toaddanythingtothepagesuchascommentsoraskaquestionyouwillneedtohaveafacebookaccount.</p><p>Were On Facebook! </p><p>Twenty-sevenyearoldEmilyChamelin,aprofessionalsheepshearerfromWestminster,isheadedtoNewZealandtocompeteintheGoldenShearsInternationalSheepShearingContest.Chamelinwillcompeteinthebladeshearingcontest.Bladeshearingistheold-fashionedwayofshearingsheep.ChamelinqualifiedfortheinternationalcompetitionwhenshewonthebladeshearingcontestatlastyearsMarylandSheep&amp;WoolFestival.Inaddition,sheplaced7thamong18competitorsfromaroundtheworldintheAllIrishNationalCompetition.Chamelinstartedshearingsheepabout10yearsago.Shegotinvolvedwithraisingsheepthrough4-H,eventhoughherfamilyownsadairyfarmwithcowsandgoats.Chamelinhasaflockofabout20sheep.Source:CarrollCountyTimes</p><p>Good Luck Emily! </p><p>Used with permission from Ken Koons/ Carroll County Times Sta Photographer </p></li><li><p>P A G E 2 </p><p>W I L D &amp; W O O L L Y </p><p>Acarcasscomparisonstudywasconduct-edinconjunctionwiththe2011WesternMarylandPasture-BasedMeatGoatPer-formanceTest.Severalconsignerstothetestprovidedadditionalgoatsofsimilargeneticsforpen-feedingandcarcasseval-uation.Thecarcassesofninegoatsfromthepas-turetestwerecomparedtothecarcassesofninegoatsthatwerepen-fedadietofhayandgrain.Foreachgoatfromthepas-turetestthatwasharvest-edfordatacollection,apen-fedgoatfromthesameconsignerwasslaughtered.Thepasture-fedgoatsconsumedapasture-onlydiet,withnosupple-mentalfeed,onlyfreechoiceminerals.Theywererotationallygrazedamongsix2-acrepaddocks,plantedinavarietyofwarmandcoolseasongrasses.Theforagewasalwaysample,thoughitsqualitywasnottested.Thepen-fedgoatswereconfinedandhadunlimitedaccesstograsshay.Theywerehand-fedacommercialgoatpellet(ADMGoatPower)onceperday,allthegraintheycouldconsumein20minutes:notmuchatthebeginningofthetest,butal-most1.7lbs.perheadperdaybytheend.Theeighteengoatsconsumedtheirre-spectivedietsfromJune5untilSeptember25.Thepasture-fedgoatsgained0.124lbs.perdayfromJune5untilSeptember15.Duringthesametimeperiod,theaver-agedailygainofthepen-fedgoatswas0.232lbs.perday.Neithergroupexperi-encedclinicalinternalparasitism,butthepen-fedgoatshadmuchlowerfecalegg</p><p>countsandlessdagginessthanthepas-turedgoats.OnSeptember29,thegoatswereweighedandtransportedtoCountryFoods,acus-tom-exemptslaughterhouseinWaynesbo-ro,PA,forsamedayslaughter.Theircar-casseswereweighed,deboned,andmeas-uredsixdayslater.</p><p>Eachcarcasswasseparatedintothreecomponents:lean,fat,andbone.Asam-plefromthelongissimusdorsi(ribeye)musclewascollectedfromeachcarcass.ThesamplesweresenttoOhioStateUni-versitywheretheyarebeinganalyzedfornutritionandfattyacidcomposition.Asexpected,thecarcassesfromthepen-fedgoatswerefatter,asevidencedbyathickerbodywallandhigherpercentagesofkidneyandheart(internal)fatandoverallfat.However,thepen-fedgoatsproducedahigheryieldoffat-free,bone-lessmeat:24.5vs.19.8percent(oftheirliveweight).Thepen-fedgoatsalsohadahigherdressingpercentagethanthepas-ture-raisedgoats:44.4vs.39.4percent.Statisticalanalysisshowedthedierencesinfat,yield,anddressingpercenttobestatisticallysignificant.Whilenumerically</p><p>(Continued on page 6 )</p><p>Pasture vs. Pen-Fed Goats </p><p>Pasture </p><p>Pen-fed Goats </p></li><li><p>P A G E 3 </p><p>Thereareseveraldiseasesthatcanaectthehoovesofsheepandgoats.Thethreemostcommonarefootrot,footscald,andfootabscess.Allarecausedbyopportunisticbacteriathatinvadeunhealthytissue.Footrotisaninfectiousdiseasecausedbytheinteractionoftwoanaerobicbacteria:Fusobacterium necrophorumandDichelobacter nodosus.F. necrophorumisfoundinthediges-tivetractandfecesofsheepandgoats.D. nodususisusual-lyintroducedtoafarmviaaninfectedorcarrieranimal.Itcannotsurviveforverylongoutsideaninfectedhoof,on-lyupto14days.Irritationofthehoofsinterdigitaltissue,duetomoistureortrauma,allowsentryofF. necrophorum,resultinginfootscald,aninflammationandreddeningoftheinterdigitaltissue.Footscaldisnotcontagiousandusuallydoesnotinvolvethehornytissueofthehoof.Oncetheinterdigitaltissueisweakened,otherdisease-causingbacteriamayenterthehoofandcausedisease.Actinomycespyogenes,acommonbacteriainsoil,caninter-actwithF. necrophorumtocauseafootabscess.Footab-scessesusuallyonlyaectonehoofordigit.IfD. nodususispresentonthefarm,itcanalsoinvadetheweakenedinterdigitaltissue,releasingproteaseenzymeswhichwilleatawayattheconnectivetissuebetweenthehornyandsoft(fleshy)por-tionsofthehoof,resultinginfootrot.Maggotscanbeaproblemwithseverelyinfect-edhooves.Thereare20dierentstrainsofD. nodosusthatcaninfectsheepandgoats.Thestrainsvaryintheirvirulence.WhengoatsareinfectedwithD. nodosus,theydontusual-lydevelopasseverefootrotsymptomsassheep,whereastheymayexperienceamoresevereformoffootscald,calledbenignfootrotinsomecountries.Infact,thereisevidencetosuggestthatbenignfootrotalsoinvolvesD. nodusus. </p><p>Thepredisposingfactorstoanyhoofdiseasearewarmth(over45F)andmoisture,overgrownhooves,andabnor-malhoofgrowth.Hooftrimmingallowsairtoreachthehoofandeliminatedisease-causingbacteria.Mudandfe-</p><p>V O L U M E 1 V I S S U E 1 I I </p><p>cesarelesslikelybecometrappedinaproperly-trimmedhoof.Animalsthathaveexcessiveorabnor-malhoofgrowthorhavechronichoofdiseaseshouldbeculled.Cullingisashepherdsmostpowerfultoolagainsthoofproblems.</p><p>Itgoeswithoutsayingthathoofdiseasescanaectthehealth,welfare,andperformanceofinfectedanimals.Theycanalsobecostlytotreat,especiallylaborandtheprematurecullingofotherwisegoodlivestock.Thereisnosinglewaytocontroloreradicatefootrotfromaflockorherd.Controland/oreradicationusu-allyinvolvesacombinationofmeasures,whichmayincludehooftrimming,antibioticinjections,topicaltreatments,repetitivefootsoaks,vaccination,isola-tion,andculling.Strictbiosecuritywillpreventthebacteriathatcausesfootrotfromeverestablishingitselfinahealthyflockorherd.Thoughthereareothervectors,theprimarysourceofinfectionisnewly-introducedanimals.Nev-erbuyanimalsfromaflockorherdthathasahistoryofhoofdisease.Isolateallnewpurchasesforatleastthreeweeksandassumetheyareinfectedwithfoot-rot.UniversityofMarylandExtensionhasbeencooperat-ingwithUniversityofMaineExtensiononagrant-fundedprojecttohelpsheep(andgoat)producersintheNortheasteliminatefootrot.Tolearnmoreabouttheproject,visitthewebsiteathttp://extension.maine.edu/sheep.Foralistoflinkspertain-ingtohoofcareanddiseasesvisitmywebsiteathttp://www.sheepandgoat.com/footrot.html.Sidebar:Testyourknowledgeofhoofhealthanddis-easesbytakinganonlinequizww.sheepandgoat.com/Quizzes/Hoofhealthanddiseases/quiz.htmlSidebar:TheUniversityofMaineSheepFootHealthProjectadvocatesafourweekprotocolforeradicatingfootrot.</p><p>Hoof Diseases in Sheep and Goats </p><p>W I L D &amp; W O O L L Y </p></li><li><p>P A G E 4 </p><p>W I L D &amp; W O O L L Y </p><p>Tobeeligibleforsale,bucksmustmeetGold,Silver,orBronzestand-ardsofperformanceforgrowthrate,parasiteresistance,andparasitere-silience,andminimumstandardsforstructuralcorrectnessandreproduc-tivesoundness.Detailspertainingtothesaleofthisyearstop-performingbucksarestillbeingworkedout.Eligibility Malegoatsofanybreedorbreedcross,withorwithoutregistrationeligibility,maybeconsignedtothetest.Producersfromanystatemayconsignuptofivegoatstothetest.Atleasttwoarerecommend-ed.Half-sibs(goatswiththesame</p><p>sire)aresuggested.Someproducersmaybeaskedtoprovideadditionalbucksforthecarcasscomparisonstudy.Eligiblegoatsmustweighbetween35and70lbs.upondeliverytothetestsiteonJune2.TheymusthavebeenbornbetweenDecember20,2011,andMarch20,2012(inclusive).Theymusthavebeenweanedforatleasttwoweekspriortothetestandreceivedtwovaccina-tionsforovereatingdisease(clostridium perfringinstypeC&amp;D)andtetanus.Theirhoovesmustbeproperlytrimmedforfootsoaking.ThenominationperiodforthisyearstestisApril1throughMay15.A$20deposit(pergoat)isdueatthetimeofnomination.Itisnotnecessarytoidentifyspe-cificgoatsatthetimeofnomination.Healthpapersarerequiredforadmissiontothegoattest.Informationaboutthegoattest,includingallpertinentdocuments,canbefoundonthegoattestblogathttp://mdgoattest.blogspot.com.SpecificquestionsmaybedirectedtoSusanSchoenianat(301)432-2767x343orsschoen@umd.edu.</p><p>2012willbethe7thyearoftheWest-ernMarylandPasture-BasedMeatGoatPerformanceTest.Lastyearwesawthelargestnumberofbuckstest-ed(80),alongwiththeinitiationofapen-feedingprogramforcarcasscom-parisonpurposes.Thepurposeofthegoattestistoeval-uatetheperformanceofbucklingsconsumingapasture-onlydiet,withnaturalexposuretointernalparasites,primarilythebarberpoleworm.Whileontest,thegoatsareevaluatedforgrowth,parasitere-sistance(fecaleggcounts),parasiteresilience(FAMACHAscoresandanthelmintictreatments),carcassmer-it,structuralcorrectness,andrepro-ductivesoundness.Theyaremanagedasasinglegroupina~12.5-acrerotationalgrazingsystem.2012 Test Forthisyearstest,thegoatsmustbedeliveredtothetestsiteattheWesternMarylandResearch&amp;EducationCenter(inKeedysville)onSaturday,June2.Afterashortadjustmentperiod,startingdatawillbecollectedonThursday,June7.Thegoatswillbehandledeverytwoweeksthereaftertodeterminetheirbodyweights,FAMACHAeyeanemiascores,bodyconditionscores,coatconditionsscores,anddag(scour)scores.Low-stresshandlingtechniquesareemphasized.Fecalsampleswillbecollectedbi-weeklyfromtherec-tumofeachgoat.IndividualfecaleggcountswillbedeterminedbyDr.DahliaOBrienslabatDelawareStateUniversity.Apooledfecalsamplewillbecollectedeveryfourweeks.Fecalcoproculture(larvaeID)willbedonebyDr.RayKaplanslabattheUniversityofGeor-gia.Towardstheendofthetest,thegoatswillbescanned(usingultrasound)todeterminetheirribeyeareaandbackfatthickness.Theywillbeevaluatedforstructuralcorrectnessandreproductivesoundness.Scrotalcircum-ferencewillbemeasured.Teatswillbecountedandcharacterized.Hooveswillbetrimmedandevaluatedforgrowth,soundness,andhealth.FinaldatawillbecollectedonSeptember13.</p><p>Wanted: Bucks for Performance Testing </p></li><li><p>P A G E 5 V O L U M E 1 V I S S U E 1 I I </p><p>Webinars - Sheep and Goat Nutrition and Feeding AseriesofwebinarswillbeheldonconsecutiveThursdaynightsinJanuaryandFebruary.Thewebinarswillfocusonthefeedingandnutritionofsheepandgoats. January12-Digestivephysiology January19-Nutrients January26-Feedstus February2-Nutritionalmanagement February9-Rationalbalancing February16-NutritionaldisordersEachwebinarwillbeginat7:30p.m.ESTandlastforapproximatelyonehour.Anhourofquestionsandanswerswillfollow.Topicsmayoverlapmorethanonewebinar.UniversityofMarylandExtensionSpecialistsandEducatorswillbetheinstructorsforthewebinars.Anyonewithaninternetconnectionmayparticipateinthewebinars.Highspeedaccessisrecommended.Thefirst100peoplewhologonto:https://connect.moo.umd.edu/sschoen/,willbeabletoparticipate.Allwebinarswillberecordedandavailableforlaterviewingathttp://www.sheepandgoat.com/recordings.html.Eventhoughpre-registrationisnotrequired,thosewhoplantoparticipateshouldcontactSusanSchoenianatsschoen@umd.edu,sothattheycanbeaddedtothewebinare-mailreflectorlist.Peoplewhoregisteredforlastyearswebinarsshouldalreadybeonthelistandhavereceivede-mailnotificationofthe2012webinarseries. </p><p>Using Grain to Improve Goat Carcass Quality and Value Asafollow-uptolastyearsgoatcarcassevaluationstudy,conductedinconjunctionwiththeWesternMarylandPasture-BasedMeatGoatPerformanceTest,amoreformalstudywillbeconductedin2012tocomparetheperformance,carcassquality,andeconomicsofpen-fedvs.pasture-fedgoats.Fifteen(15)malegoatswillbepennedandfedadietconsistingoffreechoicegrasshayandlimit-fedgrain.Thegraindietwillbeamixtureofwholebarleyandaproteinsupple-ment.Thegoatswillbefedoncedailyandallowedtoconsumeallthegraintheycaneatin20minutes,afterwhichtimethefeederswillberemovedfromthepen.Rumensin(coccidiostat)willbeprovidedviafreechoiceminerals.Eachgoatinthepenwillhaveamateofsimilarsizeandgeneticsonpasture.Thefifteen(15)pasturedgoatswillgrazewiththegoatsparticipatingintheWesternMarylandPasture-BasedMeatGoatPerformanceTest.Theywillconsumeapasture-onlydietthatincludesvariouscoolandwarmseasongrassesFreechoiceminerals,containingacoccidiostat,willbeavailable.Todothestudy,wearelookingforpairsofintactmalegoatsthatwillweigharound40lbs.(each)atthestartofthestudyonJune2.Onegoatfromthepairwillbepen-fed.Theotherwillbepasture-raised.Afairmarketpricewillbepaidforthe40lb.goats.Participatingproducerswillreceiveacopiousamountofdataonthegoatsinthestudy.ThestudyisbeingfundedbyagrantfromtheMarylandGrainProducersUtilizationBoard.ContactSusanSchoenianat(301)432-2767x343orsschoen@umd.edu,ifyouareinterestedinprovidinggoatsforthestudy.</p></li><li><p>P A G E 6 </p><p>W I L D &amp; W O O L L Y </p><p> Eweanddoemanagement(fromlategestationthroughweaning)wasthesubjectofawebinarshortcourseheldlastwinter(2011).Theshortcoursewasheldoverthecourseofsixevenings.Thewebinarswererecordedandminimallyedited.Theyareavailableforviewingathttp://www.sheepandgoat.com/recordings.html.Scrolldowntopastwebinars.ThepageincludeslinkstothePowerPointpresentationsthataccompaniedeachwebinar.Thepresentationsareavailableforviewinganddownloadingathttp://www.slideshare.net/schoenian.Awebinarisaseminarthatistaughtovertheworldwideweb.Awebinaronfeedingandnutritioniscurrentlyinprogress.http://www.sheepandgoat.com/recordings.html</p><p>TherewillbeaShearingSchoolforBeginnersonFridayandSaturday,March23-24,2012,9:30a.m.to3:30p.m.atRidgelyThompsonsfarmat1942UniontownRoad,Westminster,MD21157.Theregistrationfeeis$80perpersonandincludesacopyofASIsSheepShearingNotebookandaninstructionalDVD.Pre-registrationisrequired.NoregistrationswillbeacceptedafterMarch19.Participationislimitedtothefirst25.Theminimumageis16.TheNewZealandmethodofshearingwillbetaught.Shearingmachineswillbepro-vided.Bladeshearingwillnotbetaught.InstructorsareDavidGreene,Dr.RichardBarczewski,andAaronGeiman.TheschoolissponsoredbyUniversityofMarylandandDelawareExtension,theMarylandSheepBreedersAssociation,andtheDelawareSheepandWoolProducersAssociation.ChecksshouldbemadepayabletotheCarrollCountyExtensionAdvisoryCouncilandmailedtoDavidL.Greene,2014WhiteHallRoad,WhiteHall,MD21161-9712.</p><p>Pasture vs. Pen-Fed Goats (continu...</p></li></ul>