why do we call this part of the world “latin” america?
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Why do we call this part of the world Latin America?
Intro to our. Essential Question(s)
What are the 5 Themes of Geography?
(R6) The Five Themes of Geography
The 5 Themes of Geography
As we began to learn more about our world, it became clear that a common way of looking at it must be agreed to.
To thoroughly understand the geography of our planet, we have broken the subject down into 5 specific themes.
The 5 Themes of GeographyLocationPlaceRegionMovement&Human-Environment Interaction
Location is quite simply where a place is on earth.
What would you say if someone asked you where you lived?
LocationWhen determining location, geographers can be very specific.
Absolute Location refers to the exact spot on earth where a place can be found.
How do geographers find an absolute location?
Latitude & LongitudeGeographers can locate any place on earth by using a system of imaginary lines that run across its surface.
Parallels of LatitudeParallels of Latitude run parallel to the equator and show distance north or south of it.
Meridians of LongitudeMeridians of Longitude run between the north and south poles.
These lines show distance east and west of the Prime Meridian.
Relative LocationRelative Location is a not so specific way of determining location. This refers to where a place is in relation to other places.
Example: Georgia is north of Florida, west of the Atlantic Ocean, and south of South Carolina.
PlaceWhen Geographers consider place, they ask themselves .What is it like?
Is it dry? Is it cold? Is it mountainous? Is it hot? Is it covered with vegetation? Is it crowded? Is it open?
Place is really just a description of surroundings.
Places ChangeAs time passes, the natural processes of the Earth and the practices of humans can cause places to change.
RegionThe term region refers to places close to each other that have things in common.
Maybe the places have similar physical features (landscapes).
Maybe the places have human characteristics (culture) in common.
RegionA geographer would call North Africa and Southwest Asia (Middle East) a region.
Things these 2 places have in common:Physical Features: Dry, Desert-Like Conditions
Human Characteristics: Language-ArabicReligion-Islam
MovementA geographer would use the theme of movement to determine how people, plants, animals, goods, and ideas move from one place to another.
MovementIf a geographer was studying New York City, he/she may look at how many people immigrated there from all over the world.
They not only brought themselves, but their ideas and traditions.
MovementPeople and animals migrate for many reasons.Migrate means to move from one place to settle in another.
Movement:Push & Pull FactorsProblems like overcrowding, crime, war, famine, and lack of jobs may push someone away from a place.
Advantages like good jobs, more rights, peace, and safety may pull someone towards a place.
Movement: Barriers & CorridorsSome of earths physical features make it easy to move, but others make it difficult.
Rivers, seas, and flat land are easy to move through. These are called corridors.
Mountains and forests are difficult to move through. These are called barriers.
Human-Environment InteractionHuman-Environment Interaction deals with how the people of a place have come to depend on, adapt to, and use the world around them.
Human-Environment InteractionWe depend on our environments for food, goods, and energy.
Sometimes, we can interact with our environment in negative ways.Examples: PollutionGlobal WarmingAnimal Extinction
Mason City, Iowa
Return to our. Essential Question(s)
What are the 5 fields of learning in Social Studies?
What is Culture?