What’s for Dinner? A Strange and Scary Choice!!!

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  • Slide 1
  • Whats for Dinner? A Strange and Scary Choice!!!
  • Slide 2
  • This little guy knows whats for dinner! A koala is a: Specialized Eater Koalas Menu: Breakfast: Eucalyptus Lunch: Eucalpytus Dinner: Eucalyptus
  • Slide 3
  • We, on the other hand, suffer from The Omnivores Dilemma ( thank you Michael Pollan )
  • Slide 4
  • What is an omnivore? An animal that will feed on any type or many different types of food, including both plants and animals. When you CAN EAT just about anything, it is not always easy to tell what you SHOULD EAT.
  • Slide 5
  • We are deeply confused and anxious!!!! We cannot answer the simple question, whats for dinner? with any confidence that our choices will be healthy and sound.
  • Slide 6
  • We Want to Eat Healthy, but does that mean? ATKINS: low carbo- hydrates, high protein SOUTH BEACH: like Atkins, but with more carbohydrates ZONE DIET: carbs, proteins, fats eaten in 40/30/30 ratio respec- tively for each meal ORNISH DIET: vege- tarian, eat more, weigh less WEIGHT WATCHERS: all food given points, weekly meetings, celebrity spokes- woman RAW, VEGAN, VEGE- TARIAN, etc.!
  • Slide 7
  • As our brains evolved, much Space was devoted to Safe Eating Avoid poisons: Isnt that the mushroom that made me sick last week Towards nutritious plants: The red berries are the juicier, sweeter plants
  • Slide 8
  • Our Taste Buds also Help MMMM.SWEET!!! We like sweet foods which signal carbohydrate energy. EEEWW.BITTER!!! We dont like bitter foods which is how many poisons taste.
  • Slide 9
  • Our inborn sense of disgust Keeps us from eating something that might infect us, such as rotten meat.
  • Slide 10
  • One way weve solved the problem of what to eat: We have the advantage of culture. Our culture sets up rules about wise eating, recipes, manners, and traditions.
  • Slide 11
  • In this way, we not only learn Through family meals, a child learns both what foods are healthy to eat, as well as how much food he or she should eat.
  • Slide 12
  • Did that look like your family? Or do your family meals sometimes look like this?
  • Slide 13
  • Many of us lack a clear culture of food and instead We wander down the aisles of the grocery store wondering :
  • Slide 14
  • Organic or conventional? Local or imported? Trans fat or butter or Not butter? natural grill flavor? TBHQ or xanthan gum? Cage-free or range-fed? Carnivore or vegetarian? Lacto Vegetarian or Vegan?
  • Slide 15
  • Industrial Food System We can thank INDUSTRIAL FARMING for part of why we are so confused. Say Good bye to the small family farm.
  • Slide 16
  • Say hello to scenes like this Many animals are raised together, like a factory for meat. Expensive farming equipment allows one farmer to operate a huge farm.
  • Slide 17
  • The story of the industrial food chain can be learned by studying: CORN!
  • Slide 18
  • A modern supermarket contains approximate 45,000 items Of these, more than 25% of them contain corn.
  • Slide 19
  • You Are What You Eat We North Americans look like corn chips with legs -- Todd Dawson, Berkeley biologist who studied corn isotopes in tissue samples of hair and flesh
  • Slide 20
  • Corn Sex The reason for all this corn in our diet? Because of the way that corn is pollinated, it easily leads to human manipulation.
  • Slide 21
  • Corn is bred to be an industrial superstar Hybrids of corn are created that allow the farmer to throw away his hoe and jump into his combine. Corn is bred to: Grow in tight rows, shoulder to shoulder with other corn Be stiff stalked Be uniform as soldiers in formation
  • Slide 22
  • Corns best friend In 1947, after World War II, a munitions plant in Alabama switched from making explosive to making fertilizer. The development of chemical fertilizers vastly increased crop yields.
  • Slide 23
  • Better Living Through Chemicals? Thanks to new forms of hybrid corn, combined with chemical fertilizers, farmers could now produce ENORMOUS quantities of corn.
  • Slide 24
  • Supply and Demand STEP 1: Grow a lot of corn. STEP 2: Try to sell it, but when there is a lot of something it sells for less. STEP 3: When corn sells for less, farmers stop growing as much corn. That is how it is SUPPOSED to work
  • Slide 25
  • But enter this man Mr. Butt sorryimmature joke! I mean, this man, Earl Butz, secretary of agriculture under Richard Nixon
  • Slide 26
  • At first The law of supply and demand was working all too well. Mr. Butz arranged to sell 30 million tons of American grain to Russia which meant there was less corn available to Americans. Corn prices shot way up due to the shortage.
  • Slide 27
  • Uproar from American Public In 1973, the price of groceries was at an all time high. Foods became scarce. Horse meat started showing up at certain markets.
  • Slide 28
  • The Housewives Were Angry Housewives organized protests at supermarkets. President Nixon feared a consumer revolt.
  • Slide 29
  • Aint Nobody Happy When Mamma Aint Happy! In order to make peace with the angry housewives (and with the American consumer in general), Earl Butz: Told farmers to plant their fields from fencerow to fencerow To get big or get out to no longer think of themselves as a farmer but an agribusinessman
  • Slide 30
  • The Government made a promise Grow us corn, and we promise well pay you $XXXX for it. So, when farmers produced a MOUNTAIN of the crop, corn naturally sold for cheaper and cheaper. The government stepped in and paid farmers the difference (corn subsidy).
  • Slide 31
  • One problemWhat to do with all that corn, corn, corn, corn?
  • Slide 32
  • Some of the corn is fed to cows Mooocows like grass, its their natural diet. Feeding them corn leads to a host of problems, but it does get rid of some of that corn!
  • Slide 33
  • What do these have in common? Citric Acid Lactic Acid Glucose Fructose Maltodextrin Ethanol Soribtol Mannitol Xanthan gum Modified Starch Unmodified Starch Dextrin Cyclodextrin MSG
  • Slide 34
  • If you said things made from CORN youre a Winner! These are some of the hundreds of different organic compounds that chemists learned to make from corn.
  • Slide 35
  • Totally Sweet! In 1960, Japanese chemists broke the sweetness barrier. They discovered an enzyme that could transform glucose into the much sweeter sugar molecule called FRUCTOSE.
  • Slide 36
  • Corns Most Valuable Food Product High Fructose Corn Syrup Produced by blending fructose and glucose
  • Slide 37
  • As a nation, we keep getting fatter and fatter Much of this is related to subsidies on corn.
  • Slide 38
  • If you dont have much money, which would you choose? One dollar will buy: 1200 calories of potato chips and cookies Versus 250 calories of carrots 875 calories of soda versus 170 calories for fruit juice
  • Slide 39
  • How much corn is in this meal?
  • Slide 40
  • Your cars trunk filled with corn Thats how much corn is in that meal. When analyzed for the carbon isotropes that show corn: McNuggets: 56% corn French fries: 23% corn Milk Shake: 78% corn Or try a soda at 100% corn
  • Slide 41
  • Unlike the koala, we are ominvores Eucalpytus! Corn! Corn!
  • Slide 42
  • So whats a body to do? Michael Pollan, author of Omnivores Dilemma, says everything he's learned about food and health can be summed up in seven words: "Eat food, not too much, mostly plants."
  • Slide 43
  • Pollans 7 Rules #1. Don't eat anything your great grandmother wouldn't recognize as food. #2. Dont eat anything with more than five ingredients, or ingredients you can't pronounce.
  • Slide 44