What will the world be like 50 years 20 (1)
Post on 26-Jan-2015
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DESCRIPTIONMy powerpoint on the Singularity I did from a few years ago.
- 1. Nitish Kannan
2. Technological Singularity The Singularity is the technological creation of smarter-than-human intelligence. There are several technologies that are often mentioned as heading in this direction. The most commonly mentioned is probably Artificial Intelligence, but there are others: direct brain-computer interfaces, biological augmentation of the brain, genetic engineering, ultra- high-resolution scans of the brain followed by computer emulation. 3. The Singularity is near! Some of these technologies seem likely to arrive much earlier than the others, but there are nonetheless several independent technologies all heading in the direction of the Singularity several different technologies which, if they reached a threshold level of sophistication, would enable the creation of smarter-than-human intelligence. 4. Why the singularity If humans ever discover a cure for cancer, that discovery will ultimately be traceable to the rise of human intelligence, so it is not absurd to ask whether a superintelligence could deliver a cancer cure in short order. If anything, creating superintelligence only for the sake of curing cancer would be swatting a fly with a sledgehammer. 5. History Genome Project Sequence 10 years, 2/3rd of the way most of the project not done. Most of the project done in few years 15 years sequence HIV Sequence SARS in 31 days. Now we can sequence a virus in a day! 6. Analyze Ray Kurzweil predictions Prominent Futurist and founder of Kurzweil technologies. Raywas the principal developer of the first omni-font opticalcharacter recognition, the first print-to-speech reading machinefor the blind, the first CCD flat-bed scanner, the first text-to-speech synthesizer, the first music synthesizer capable ofrecreating the grand piano and other orchestralinstruments, and the first commercially marketed large-vocabulary speech recognition Read the book singularity in Near! The Singularity creates speed for two reasons: First, positivefeedback intelligence gaining the ability to improveintelligence directly. 7. Technology adoptions Half a century to adopt telephones Cell phones adopted 8 years 8. Moores law 9. Performance of supercomputers 10. Deep Blue beat Gary Kasparov 11. Growth in Supercomputer trends 12. END OF MOORES LAW? First prediction said2002 then, 2022 end of Moores law End of Moores Law Wont be end of exponential computing! When one paradigm ends another begins. 13. Why were cell phones adopted? 14. This is why you have a laptop and acell phone! Deflation Brain scanning Internet Gene sequencing 15. Growth is exponential NOT LINEAR! New applications become feasible as price for performance computing drops! 10000 dollar IPOD many years ago for the storage you have thats what it would have costed. IPhone 16. So what will world be like. When tracking technology trends Human gene sequencing! Question of ethics and privacy! What will happen to humans when we live among the machines, will we be part of the machines? 17. More computing power. Key Evolution Understanding software program of how our bodyworks Gene Sequencing. Ethics if you have all you data on a chip, threatensprivacy, and discrimate you at work? 18. Evaluate predictionsBased on Technology trends Computers will disappear Embeded in clothing! Augmented reality. Contact lenses 19. Will humans be uselessIBM WATSON 20. IBM Watson Code-named "Watson," the IBM computing system is being designed to rival the human minds ability to determine precise answers to natural language questions and to compute accurate confidences in the answers. According to Dr. David Ferrucci, leader of the project team Slated to compete on Jeopardy! 21. If thats whats possible? 22. Why do I have this? 23. Hope We will merge with the machines, Hopefully machines wont take over. Idea that if intelligence reaches this stage they can beunplugged. 24. Paradigm shift The paradigm shift rate is now doubling every decade, so the twenty-first century will see 20,000 years of progress at todays rate. Computation, communication, biological technologies (for example, DNA sequencing), brain scanning, knowledge of the human brain, and human knowledge in general are all accelerating at an even faster pace, generally doubling price- performance, capacity, and bandwidth every year. 25. What will this mean in the comingyears? Full emergent virtual reality Already getting there brain machine interfaces Robotic arms giving feedback Exponential growth of intelligence. 26. What can we predict? We will have superhumans! Brain-Machine interfaces Prosthetic devices have improved from heavy, dumb devices Will this make us greater risk takers? 27. Brain-Machine Interface, for typing 28. Brain-Machine interface. Today we have chips to help treat forparkinsons with brain stimulation Latest generation has software that can wirelessly be updated. is a closed-loop deep-brain stimulation system. Such a system would both suppress the tremor-causing activity of the real subthalamic nucleus and at the same time act as an artificial subthalamic nucleus. 29. If this is whats possible This changes all the rules! What if an enemy hacked the computer and messedup the software in your chip. Worse what if he controlled your behavior, bystimulation of pain through stimulating your brainwirelessly or over the internet. 30. According to Dr. Michio kaku Age of Discovery to the Age of Mastery, a period in which we will move from being passiveobservers of nature to its active choreographers. Thiswill give us not only unparalleled possibilities but alsogreat responsibilities. 31. Are we all going to live throughsurrogates? At the age of mastery if experiences are downloadableover the internet, you can experience them withsensory input through a Brain-Machine interface? Will travel be no longer valuble? What happens to travel industry? Tourism may shift toan online business. Live other people experiences? 32. What Happens to our Privacy! What if people utilize our Surrogate without ourpermission? Crimes could be rampant and done anonomously! Identity theft! 33. Will we have less value on humanintellect and ability. 34. Robots, Robots everywhere!Friend or Foe? A Midsummer Nights Dream has been updated for the21st century with seven small robots playing fairiesalongside carbon-based co-stars. We will live amongst the machines? Some ethicists may say dont we already? Were useless without our Iphones or Blackberrys ourlaptops and supercomputers that perform everydaytasks and calculations? 35. My Prediction We will merge with the machines. Machines wont take over, instead we will become part of themachines. (Machines will become an extension of us) In many cases we will control the machines, and they willenhance our computational cababilities in every way, fromabstract thinking, to complicated computation. Think every man is connected to a supercomputer. According to Ray Kurzweil, its only natural for man to evolveever since we reached for a higher branch! 36. Critics say? One critic cites a grim vision of a planet devoured bytiny, self-replicating nanobots that decide humans arein the way: "They could spread like blowingpollen, replicate swiftly, and reduce the biosphere todust in a matter of days." Nanotechnology and self-replicating machines dopose a substantial threat. 37. MORE PROBLEMS One EMP could take out all the machines in an area. Or a solar flare could disrupt all machines working, including humans if we are part of the machines, rendering our lives useless. New viruses for computers, could take over our intelligence or corrupt us. 38. Sixth Sense Technology http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZLEEiQZOYDs 39. What is Sixth Sense technology? Sixth Sense is a mini-projector coupled with a camera and a cellphonewhich acts as the computer and your connection to the Cloud 40. Conclusions Growth in technology according toRay Kurzweil is that growth is notLinear, but is exponential, and thatsHow to track technology trends in the future We should not fear the machines, we will merge with themachines. The best way to predict the future is to make it! 41. THANK YOU!Works Cited http://web.archive.org/web/20010527181244/http://www.aeiveos.com/~bradbury/Authors/Computing/Good-IJ/SCtFUM.htmlhttp://www.kurzweilai.net/meme/frame.html?m=3http://www.popsci.com/scitech/article/2009-10/singularity-summit-2009-thus-spake-kurzweilhttp://www.wired.com/autopia/2009/11/robots-perform-shakespeare/ http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/25939914/when_man__machine_merge/3