what is extreme citizen science? volunteerism & publicly initiated scientific research

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This presentation briefly illustrates the state of citizen science our approach in Extreme Citizen Science. We present two examples under this research group at University College London: Publicly Initiated Scientific Research and the Socio-demographics of Volunteerism

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  • 1. Extreme Citizen Science (ExCiteS): one end of the citizen science spectrum Valentine Seymour & Cindy Regalado Extreme Citizen Science group @ucl_excites University College London | Civil, Environmental & Geomatic Engineering

2. public involvement in scientific research What is citizen science? Science communication volunteered/distributed computing Grassroots/ DIY science Citizen Science Citizen Science 3. Problem definition Data collection Visualisation & analysis Action Classification & basic analysis Public Laboratory for Open Technology & Science 4. Problem definition Data collection Visualisation & analysis Action Classification & basic analysis Basic School High School University/College Postgraduate PhD Literacy Citizen Science today 5. Problem definition Data collection Visualisation & analysis Action Classification & basic analysis Basic School High School University/College Postgraduate PhD Literacy Towards an inclusive Citizen Science 6. Engagement in citizen science Collaborative science problem definition, data collection and analysis Level 4 Extreme Participation in problem definition and data collection Level 3 Participatory science Citizens as basic interpreters Level 2 Distributed intelligence Citizens as sensors Level 1 Crowdsourcing 7. Extreme Citizen Science Support bottom-up problem definition Facilitate engagement throughout the scientific process: from defining the project, agreeing protocols, collecting, analysing and using the results Support inclusive engagement, including people who are usually not involved in citizen science Support research in places that are usually excluded 8. Extreme Citizen Science initiatives Community mapping, Pollution monitoring, Noise monitoring, Environmental monitoring, Illegal poaching, Publicly initiated scientific research 9. tackling climate change in Dorset Community members assess key issues of importance & device action plan using community map online focused community mapping in London Participatory mapping supporting & promoting community engagement in decision-making community mapping 10. monitoring nitrogen dioxide Low-tech DIY methods for data collection = increased capacity to influence/call for change & metal particles Capacity to devise methods to remediate situation air-quality monitoring 11. community noise mapping 12. During Eyjafjallajkull eruption 13. UCL and London 21 charity owned social enterprise Promote and supports community-based initiatives for sustainable communities Participatory mapping & GIS application connecting online and off line community engagement Support geographical analysis in the third sector Mapping for Change 14. Mapping for Change platform 15. Mapping for Change platform 16. EU FP7 project EveryAware 17. Extreme Citizen Science in Congo 18. Sapelli data collection suite 19. ExCtieS working across boundaries 20. Sapelli data collection in the Arctic 21. Publicly Initiated Scientific Research Cindy Regalado UCL_ExCiteS | @CwB_london 22. the challenge Problem-solving based primarily on institutionalised and professionalised science practices: objective models, controlled experiments, reduced uncertainty hinders understanding of the complex multi- scale web of emerging problems & the conception of new methods for their solution undermines creativity, skills, competence, and aspirations of a large portion of the population 23. Collaborative Science problem definition, data collection and analysis Type 4 Extreme Participation in problem definition and data collection Type 3 Participatory science Citizens as basic interpreters Type 2 Distributed Intelligence Citizens as sensorsType 1 Crowdsourcing PIScR Tryers & doers do it yourself, discover it yourself, design it yourselfType 5 Beyond types of engagement in citizen science 24. the complication There are no process at the institutional level for the recognition and integration of multiple claims to knowledge and institutional arrangements cannot yet conceive a process for the validation of bottom-up knowledge claims because powerful interests subvert the process Yvonne Rydin, The Bartlett (2007) 25. Symptoms of government & culture Status of Science (Self-)trust Cognitive / technical mastery inclusion / exclusion 26. Publicly Initiated Scientific Research is Community oriented & developed Community owned Tools can be adapted & spread in an open source fashion Civic Science based practice by Public Laboratory for Open Technology & Science camera Kite 27. DIY spectrometry In Publicly Initiated Scientific Research Locals regarded as experts of their own environments Stems from public exploration & investigation of environments 28. the power of grassroots & DIY 29. range from politicised responses to satisfaction of having a job well done referred to as amateurs, hobbyists, makers, hackers essence of DIY is one of self-: self-reliance, self- learning, self satisfaction taking ownership, figuring things out by ourselves yes, of course, it is frustrating at times the essence of DIY 30. the range of DIY Converting a digital camera into Near Infrared DIY Arduino-based humidity & temperature sensor Explorer of the world playshops 31. grassroots bottom-up efforts provide granularity and nuance that renders them inclusive of local issues, knowledges, politics, and sustainable solutions Gowanus canal initiative DIY grassroots in NY: Collecting samples for water quality testing 32. Do it yourself aerial photography www.grassrootsmapping.org 33. LOCAL CITIZEN PHOTOGRAPHY ! 2008 State Photo Program 2011 Citizen Kite Photo Program IMPROVING PUBLIC DATA & CREATING TOOLS FOR LOCAL INSIGHT 34. mapping a park mapping forest damage mapping a parade 35. the challenge how do we support grassroots initiatives, DIY efforts? more science education? patronising increased transparency? anxiety a shift in focus from a lack of scientific literacy as a problem to a recognition of a range of different knowledges that people have and use as they confront science and technology in their everyday lives Cunningham-Burley (2006) 36. ENGAGEMENT TRUST COMMUNITY lets focus on FACILITATORS lets focus on OUR ROLE lets focus on ENABLERS to question to do it matters The proposal 37. [Jayne Evans 2010 MSc Project] Mapping the socio- demographics of volunteers Valentine Seymour UCL_ExCiteS | @ValentineSeymou 38. [Jayne Evans 2010 MSc Project] Mapping the socio- demographics of volunteers 39. Mobile Goodwill Realising the Wider Potential From Bean Counting to Behaviour Analysis Partnership with European Centre for the Environment & Health at University of Exeters Peninsula College of Medicine & Dentistry 40. Using TCVs Management Information system database as an effective monitoring tool Measuring the health and wellbeing of volunteers What do we know so far? 41. Research Questions Does environmental volunteering improve a persons mental wellbeing and physical health? What environmental volunteering activities, if any, influence a persons mental wellbeing and physical health? How can this be modelled and analysed effectively so it can be used as a widely accessible monitoring tool? 42. Wellbeing, Connection to Nature & Engagement Nature Individual Wellbeing Social Interactions Aesthetic values LifestyleSocioeconomic Values 43. Future research directions for wellbeing [TCV - Stave Hill] 44. The future of citizen science Foster long-term community-level involvement & activities Making use of appropriate cyber infrastructure Developing diverse goals & evaluation strategies Engaging under-represented audiences Effectively disseminating results 45. Extreme Citizen Science is science by citizens, where anyone, regardless of their background, can take ownership over and investigate issues that are of concern to them to bring about meaningful change valentine.seymour.12@ucl.ac.uk cindy.regalado.11@ucl.ac.uk www.ucl.ac.uk/excites | @ucl_excites http://www.communitymaps.org.uk