what is an expository text & how to read them!

Download What is an  Expository Text & How to Read Them!

Post on 25-Feb-2016




1 download

Embed Size (px)


What is an Expository Text & How to Read Them!. What is Expository (Non-fiction) Text ?. Non-fiction (True!) Informative Analytical- A big word that means you analyze things! Descriptive Sometimes, it can be Boring!. Expository text makes up the bulk of (most of) what adults read. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Expository Text Features

What is an Expository Text & How to Read Them!What is Expository (Non-fiction) Text?Non-fiction (True!)InformativeAnalytical- A big word that means you analyze things!Descriptive

Sometimes, it can beBoring!

Expository text makes up the bulk of (most of) what adults read.

teachers read text books policemen read reports and records lawyers read legal papers veterinarians read medical books

In school, after 2nd or 3rd grade, this is also true for students! (Often the only exception is reading fiction books during SSR time).

3Where is it found? Expository text can be found in many different informational resources including:

Academic websites


Non-fiction section of the library

Where is it found? (continued)Encyclopedias



As well as any other non fiction text. If you are learning, its probably expository!

How to read expository textLook for expository text features, or clues, that will help you to understand the reading material. Some features are:


Headlines and titles


11 A footnote appears at the bottom of a text beside a number (in order), and tends to provide background information on a subject, or provides references as to where material was gathered from.

Captions (Often appear below pictures)6Features (Continued)Graphs and tablesMaps

Table of Contents ContinuedBolded words

Bullets or symbols


Features ExplainedEach of these helpful features can be a useful tool in allowing the reader to understand the information in the text. For the most part, anything on the page that JUMPS OUT AT YOU or catches your eye is a feature designed to make the expository text easier to read. Practice! Identify the Features in this Sample Text

Source for all text and the picture of Jefferson material, and to see more examples of expository text features: http://www.history.org/Almanack/people/bios/biojeff1.cfm1110Practice! Identify the Features in this Sample Text

1Source for text, map, and photograph regarding ancient Rome, and for further examples if expository text/historical information: http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhistory/romans/the_roman_army/1ReviewExplain why the Thomas Jefferson biography excerpt and the historical information on the Romans is expository text.

Because its non-fiction informational text. (Its true!)

Now lets talk about Text Structures found in Expository texts.There are certain elements found in expository text, each type of element makes its own demands on the reader: Informational (description) sequence or chronological (means time order) compare & contrast cause & effect, problem & solution.

13Elements of Expository Text: 1. Informational (description) The author lists characteristics, features, and examples to describe a subject. Clue words for description include for example & characteristics.

BatsHave wingsThey flysleep in daytimehang upside downdifferent kindsthey are mammalsuse soundwaveseat insects14Elements of Expository Text: 2. sequence The author lists items or events in numerical or chronological order. Clue words include first, second, third, next, then and finally.

Olympics began in 276 B.C.Olympics ended in 394 A.D.Modern Olympics began in 1896Almost 300 males competed in the 1896 Olympics15Elements of Expository Text:3. comparison The author explains how two or more things are alike or different. Clue words include different, in contrast, alike, same as, or on the other hand.

Summer and Winterseasons sun shines sports are playedno snowwarmer temperaturesflowersbaby animals Easter & 4th of Julysnowcolder temperaturesno flowers bloomingbears hibernateChristmas & New Years16Elements of Expository Text:4. cause & effect The author explains one or more causes and the resulting effect or effects. Clue words are reasons why, if, then, as a result, therefore, and because.

17Elements of Expository Text:5. problem & solution The author states a problem and lists one or more solutions for the problem. Clue words are problem is, dilemma is, puzzle is, solve, question, and answer.

18So to Summarize.Expository Non-fiction is...


View more >