what amazonia does the world need? what amazonia does the world need? what amazonia does the world...

Download What Amazonia Does the World Need? What Amazonia Does the World Need? What Amazonia Does the World Need?

Post on 07-Jul-2020

0 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • Rio de Janeiro May 2008

    Seminar organized by the Forum for a new World Governance

    and IBASE

    F WGn Forum for a new World Governance

    Forum pour une nouvelle Gouvernance Mondiale F GMn

    Foro por una nueva Gobernanza Mundial F GMn

    P r

    o p

    o s

    a l

    P a

    p e

    r s

    S e

    r ie

    s

    What Amazonia Does the World Need?

  • Forum for a new World Governance IBASE October 2008

    Translators: Ana Guanabara (French-Portuguese) Peter Lenny (Portuguese-English) Marina Urquidi and Kimberly Bliss (French-English) Proofreading: Marina Urquidi

    Picture researcher: Dominique Monteau Photos were taken by Brazilian photographers from Amazonia. Artwork: Patrick Lescure Published by Global Citizens for Sustainable Development, Bangalore, India.

    info@world-governance.org

    Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike license. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/fr/deed.en_US

    What Amazonia Does the World Need?

    Rio de Janeiro May 2008

    Seminar organized by the Forum for a new World Governance

    and IBASE

  • W h a t A m a z o n i a D o e s t h e W o r l d N e e d ?

    W h a t A m a z o n i a D o e s t h e W o r l d N e e d ?

    �History is marked with cities, regions, and territories that have played a particularly important symbolic role as places in which the destiny of a people, a society, or even of the whole world have found themselves at a crossroads. Amazonia is definitely one of these places. It is a concentrate of our essential contemporary contradictions: this ocean of vegetation, this gigantic territory through which flows the longest river in the world, this, our planet’s lung, is being devastated by rampant deforestation, predatory mining, and chaotic urbanization. Carved apart by nation- states along lines that do not even follow natural river or forest boundaries and cut through human-community settlements, Amazonia is broken up by borders obstructing the new winds of a globalized world. Its peoples may have been able to preserve the potential of their surrounding biodiversity, but Amazonia suffers from “bad” governance: it is deprived of a collective and rational management of its resources. Worse, it is an arena of recurrent Human Rights violations, with as primary victims its poorest, most humble inhabitants.

    C o n t e n t s

    Presentation Gustavo Marin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

    Introduction: What Brazil—and What Amazonia—Does the World Need? Cândido Grzybowski . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

    Seminar Report Patrick Piro . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

    I. Hereditary flaws, urgent problems, emerging questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 II. Unconventional players . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 III. Moving toward a new civilization model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

    Appendices 1. What Amazonia are we talking about? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 2. International Amazonia? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 3. World Social Forum 2009: Amazonia convenes us to renew our commitment for another world to be possible (FASE: Federation of Organizations for Social and Educational Assistance) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

    Afterword: Amazonia and World Governance Arnaud Blin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

    Methodology and Conceptual Mapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42

    Participants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46

    P h

    o to

    : Id

    u a

    cc

    Presentation

    O

  • W h a t A m a z o n i a D o e s t h e W o r l d N e e d ?

    W h a t A m a z o n i a D o e s t h e W o r l d N e e d ?

    W e are living at a crucial moment for humankind. Despite the pockets of resistance organizing within the Earth’s different societies then interlinking from the local to the global level as coalitions and networks, today’s world is still dominated by relationships, structures, processes, interests, forces, and ideologies—all very powerful, all aiming at homogeneity and exclusion of that which will not be homogenized, all tending to intensify capitalist globalization. The persisting dominant forms of power and models of the economy are destroying the natural foundations of life, concentrating wealth and power in the hands of a few global corporations, and generating ever more exclusion and violence. Where are we heading? How can a world of social justice and sustainability be constructed? A world of equality in social and cultural diversity? Of rights and responsibilities, with solidarity, from the local to the global level? Of democratic participation and citizen power?

    It is from this perspective—which is “global” and at the same time firmly rooted in the local, where we can actually exercise our citizenship to the full—that I would like to offer some food for thought. The ideas are rough, they are an effort to outline issues for a process of analysis, discussion, and comparison among partners sharing the same values in the spirit that moves us to join in the World Social Forum process. There is also a measure of pragmatism in what follows, because we are facing the concrete challenge of holding the World Social Forum in Amazonia in January 2009. This entails thinking about Brazil and Amazonia from a world standpoint and thinking about the world from the standpoint of Brazil and of Amazonia, with its peoples and biodiversity.

    What Brazil—and What Amazonia—Does the World Need?

    Cândido Grzybowski

    Brazilian, sociologist. Director of IBASE, one of the most influential organizations in Brazilian civil society, founded by Betinho. Cândido is a member of the Brazilian committee that launched the World Social Forum in Porto Alegre in 2001, and since that time has been one of the pillars of this important world-scale civil-society event.

    Yet although Amazonia concentrates all possible dangers, not only to its inhabitants but also for the planet’s ecological balances, it also represents a territory for life and the future. The game is not over. In this dawning of the twenty-first century, it is poised to become one of those essential places where humankind will find the biological, political, and cultural resources of a new relationship—with the biosphere and among all peoples—founded on dignity and solidarity. Amazonia can be the fertile field of a true school of “good” governance if it is looked after as a common and valuable good, first by Brazilians (65% of Amazonia is within Brazilian borders) and the people of the South American countries surrounding it, but also by all the Earth’s inhabitants. Despite the difficulties, Amazonia is in fact one of the areas where new mechanisms for a responsible, effective, and legitimate governance are being invented.

    This is why we took the initiative, together with Cândido Grzybowski, Director of IBASE, to organize in Rio de Janeiro, in May 2008, the first seminar of the Forum for a new World governance around the question: “What Amazonia does the world need?” The seminar was backed by the Charles Léopold Mayer Foundation for the Progress of Humankind, an independent Swiss foundation devoted to mobilizing knowledge and experiences to face the major challenges of our times.

    This publication comprises three documents: the discussion paper by Cândido Grzybowski, the seminar report by Patrick Piro, journalist at Politis (France), and an Afterword written by Arnaud Blin, coordinator of the Forum for a new World Governance, in which the proposals drawn up during the seminar are correlated with world governance.

    I would like to express my deep appreciation to Cândido and IBASE’s excellent team. Their commitment made it possible to gather several members of the founding committee of the World Social Forum of Porto Alegre, the facilitators of the next World Social Forum which is to take plac

Recommended

View more >