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“What about…”. Aledo Church of Christ Summer Series 2014. “How much in Revelation has taken place already; example: mark of the beast?”. Five Schools of Interpretation. Futurist : suggests most of the book reveals events/conditions immediately preceeding the second coming of Christ. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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As long as there are tests

What aboutAledo Church of ChristSummer Series2014How much in Revelation has taken place already; example: mark of the beast?Five Schools of InterpretationFuturist: suggests most of the book reveals events/conditions immediately preceeding the second coming of Christ.

Continuous-Historical: holds that Revelation highlights the history of the church beginning from Johns day.

Haily, Homer. Revelation: An Introduction and Commentary. Louisville: Religious Supply, 1992; p. 48-50.Summers, Ray. Worthy is the Lamb. Nashville:Broadman, 1951; pp. 27-96.Six Schools of InterpretationPhilosophy of History: approaches the book as symbolic of the forces of good and evil throughout time, good wins and ultimately is victorious.

Preterist: sees Revelation as entirely intended for Johns original audience and so records events completed in that day.Six Schools of InterpretationHistorical Background: understand Revelation as set within Johns day with specific historical context; events are seen as having been fulfilled in the 2nd and 3rd century AD.

Ecclectic: perhaps is closest to the Historical Background approach, seeing Revelation with a concrete setting in a defined time frame. Evil spiritual forces use physical powers to do evil on earth, but the faithful are sustained and victorious. Their resolve is a message of hope for modern Christians.The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave Him to show to His bond-servants, the things which must soon take place; and He sent and communicated it by His angel to His bond-servant John, (Revelation 1:1, NASB)

Shmai/nw (seimain): to give a sign lit. by a smoke signalto give a signal for battleto signify, announce, declarein such a way that interpretation is needed

(Rengstorf, Karl. Shmai/nw Theological Dictionary of the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1971; VII:262). Importance of Symbols?Futurist view takes position Revelation is completely literal.

Other approaches seek to identify meaning of symbols.

View of RevelationFuturistStagesTribulation Millennial Kingdom

Cont.-Hist.ChurchesSymbolic of Final judgmenthistoric events

Phil.-Hist.HistoricSymbolic of Victory of GoodChurchesconflict (g/e)

View1-34-1920-22View of RevelationPreteristHistoricSymbolic ofSymbolic of Contemp. eventsheaven/jdgmt

Hist.-Back.Lit./Hist.Symbolic ofSymbolic ofChurches2-3 Centuryheaven/jdgmt

EcclecticLit./Hist.Symbolic ofSymbolic ofChurches2-5 Centuryheaven/jdgmt.

View1-34-1920-22Reasons for the Ecclectic ViewSpecific information of the 7 churches

The mark of the beast & archaeology (13:11-18)

7 mountains (17:8-13)

A Message of WarningThe rest of mankind, who were not killed by these plagues, did not repent of the works of their hands, so as not to worship demons, and the idols of gold and of silver and of brass and of stone and of wood, which can neither see nor hear nor walk; and they did not repent of their murders nor of their sorceries nor of their immorality nor of their thefts. (Revelation 9:20-21, NASB)