welcome to asd: data collection (catchy title huh ?)
Post on 30-Dec-2015
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DESCRIPTIONWelcome to ASD: Data Collection (catchy title huh ?). Presented by Mendy Ruthrauff Amy Quinley Jennifer Levinson Shawnee Mission School District Autism Specialists. Before we begin. A little soap box about prompting - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
ASD: Data Collection(catchy title huh?)Presented by
Shawnee Mission School District Autism Specialists
Before we beginA little soap box about prompting
For once, we are not going to belabor the point. We will use a video instead..
Please pay close attention and see if you can pick out any potential problems
Maybe no soapbox is necessary.
Why do we take data anyway??
What do we have to do to take the right data?Define what youre taking data on:behavior,academic, socialDetermine the methodPick a data sheetEstablish baselineIn some instances it will be necessary to compare to peers
How to appropriately define a behavior
Whats a baseline??
Data Collection MethodsEvent/Frequency RecordingDuration RecordingLatency RecordingABC RecordingTime SamplingPermanent Product Recording
Event/Frequency RecordingWhen to use Event/Frequency RecordingStrengths with Event/Frequency RecordingWeaknesses with Event/Frequency Recording
Duration RecordingWhen to use Duration RecordingStrengths with Duration RecordingWeakness with Duration Recording
Latency RecordingWhen to use Latency RecordingStrengths with Latency RecordingWeakness with Latency Recording
ABC RecordingA= Antecedent (what occurs before the behavior)
C= consequence (anything that changes in a behavior or in the physical environment following the behavior can be positive or negative)
Time SamplingWhen to use Time SamplingStrengths with Time SamplingWeakness with Time Sampling
Permanent Product RecordingWhen to use Permanent Product RecordingStrengths of Permanent Product RecordingWeakness of Permanent Product Recording
I have 926 data sheets! Which one do I use???
It doesnt have to be painful
**Measure progressEvaluate effectiveness of interventionsDetermine function of behaviorGather baseline informationGain an objective view of situation information not open to interpretation**Observeable and measureableDefine in objective terms
Show Example of Feeding the Camels
First definition: Intrusive behavior
What is the new definition __________________________ _______________________________ ___________________________________ *What data looks like before any interventionData needs to be collected over a period of time typically 3 sessionsStart collecting ASAP even if you dont have a formal data sheet - start rough collection
(Its frustrating for both of us when we ask for more data and you have to deal with an ongoing situation*Records samples of behaviors as they occur*Also known as Frequency count, or Behavior countDefinition: How often does a behavior occur over a specific period of timeMost useful when the behavior is very obviousBehavior must have a clear beginning and a clear endMake sure to keep the length of the observation time the same each day
When to use: When the behavior is obvious with a clear beginning and endTalk outs, Number of hits, Number of initiations
Strengths: Usually does not interfere with the ongoing task, Produces a numerical output that is easy to graph
Weaknesses: Do not use when the behavior is occurring at such a high rate that an accurate count is impossible, such as pencil tappingDo not use if the behavior does not attract the observers attention, such as.
Video example is Emories robot voice; tally number of prompts
*How long does a behavior occurRecord the time a behavior begins and ends the difference between the two times tells you how long the behavior persisted
Focus is on time rather than frequency
Used for behaviors you want to increase: time spent working on math assignment, Time spent sitting in a circle, Time spent in the classroom
Can be used for behaviors that you want to decrease: Time spent thumb sucking, Time spent tantruming
Strength: When possible can be combined with event recording to tell how many times as well as how long a behavior occursFor behaviors that occur at an extremely high rate such tat event recording is not possible, will give accurate information about how long a behavior lasted
Behavior must have a clear beginning and end
Video example: Baseball batting stances (UCLAs Cody Decker; Batters box stomp)
*How much time elapses between an even and a behaviorFocus is on time rather than frequencyRecord when you give a directive (get in line) and when the student begins the response (lines up)Be careful not to try and treat behaviorally a delay in response that is caused by a type of processing delayWhen to use: Response time to teacher directives: i.e., line up, sit down, begin work, put your toys away
Video example mikey the pug high 5s
*Identifies behaviors and possible factors associated with their occurrence as well as the possible consequences that maintain them
When the situations associated with the behavior and the reinforcers maintaining the behavior have not been identified
May provide reason someone is engaging in a particular behaviorMay help to determine the reinforcers maintaining a behavior
Requires the observer record a relatively large amount of information
Video Example: Crying came
Pulls together a variety of data collection methodsLooks at a specific time period of the day rather than a specific behaviorCan track multiple behaviors
**Definition: Tangible items that are the outcomes of behaviorsUsually reported as a percentage
When to use: Worksheets, Tests, CBMs, DIBELS, Basic Skills Tests, Alternate Assessment Portfolios
Strengths: Reasonably precise and objective, Can be collected easily
Weaknesses: Restricted to behaviors that leave an enduring record
*Choosing the right data sheets (tie back to definitions)May be able to collect multiple targets on one sheet; sometimes it is easier to manage multiple sheetsDo what works for you sheets may require tweakingKeep in mind what type of data you are collectingRelevant to goals
*Have your materialsMake the sheet work for you
Transition to scenarios, data sheets, etc.
small clipboardNotebooks that flip opensmall spirals