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WEARABLE ELECTRONICSFLEXI-WEARABLESPREPARED BY : - ARYA LEXMI S7, EC (B) ROLL NO. 36 SOE, CUSAT
CONTENTS2INTRODUCTIONWEARABLE-ELECTRONICSFLEXIBLE-ELECTRONICSFLEXI-WEARABLESPROS & CONSFUTURECONCLUSION
INTRODUCTIONThe term wearables, wearable technology and wearable devices all refer to electronic technologies or sensors and computing devices that are worn close to the body, on the body or even in the body
Wearables , furthering the reach of electronics into our lives.
Wearables make technology pervasive by interweaving it into daily life.
Wearable tech begins to close the separation gapAs we make the tech much more integrated with us rather than apart from us
While some people wear electronics to help them perceive their surroundings more deeply, others wear these to keep track of calories,distance walked, heart-condition and other parameters
Its important to know that the wearables are not newLike all tech, it itself has been on a journey.And the road has been long to even get here!
Wearables are new however to the consumer space.
And just like when phones became cameras and then became smart.There will be a transition period. But this transition period seems to be getting faster in the world of today.
Worlds first legally recognised Cyborg!!! (Neil Harbisson)And we are definitely on a course headed for dermals, ingestables and implants..
Artificial Human-skin..By Google for testing cancer-detection devices..
electronics are rigid and boxy while humans are soft and curvy9Wearables are intensely personal.
This means that the designer and the person building the product have to care about how the product looks and whether it matches the identity of the user, aswellas what kind of sizes the product comes in.
We need circuits that can follow the form and elasticity of its user,yet keep functioning optimally.Because living organisms are intrinsically flexible and malleable.
But conventional electronic board technology puts a limitation on wearable device design,since it is stiff and not flexible enough to bend or even fold
MC10 ,MulTek understood this challenge put forward by wearables.
And MC10 came up with extremely stretchable electronics, which is built around the idea of using two isolated electronic components attached to an elastic-substrate material,and an electrical interconnection is laid, which maintains electrical characteristics even while the substrate is stretched
Multek has expertise in manufacturing flexible PCBs.
Stretchable circuit = (compact) rigid/flex functional islands with stretchable interconnects
Atechnologyfor assemblingelectronic circuitsby mounting electronic devices on flexibleplasticsubstrates
Also known asflex circuits12
Just as the IC replaced discrete circuit board electronics, flexible electronics will almost inevitably , by virtue of the ever demanding end-user, supersede solid-state Ics
Flexible electronics could transform the way we make and use electronic devices.
It opens the door to foldaway smartphone displays, solarcells on a roll of plastic, etc
Ever evolving advances in thin-film materials and devices have fuelled many of the developments in the field of flexible electronics..
The innovative gadgets that we are presently experiencing are made possible by flex circuits in the industry
14Due to the fact that these devices are more shock-resistant, cost-effective to manufacture and can be flexed or bended, they have the capability of being integrated into portable devices, clothing and packaging materials..
The main end uses for flex ckts include eletronic displays, photovoltaics,sensors, lighting and logic/memory applications etc..
HOW FLEXIBLE-ELECTRONICS IS PROMOTING WEARABLES?15
In the last one year or so, the scenario of flexible electronics has rapidly changed.
Flexible electronics is in vogue for two reasons:i)first, it promises an entirely new design tool.ii)second, it cost less to make.
The technologies currently available commercially include flexible thin-film transistors and logic circuits, flexible organic LEDs(OLED) based displays,flexible memories and batteries,aswellas flexible photovoltaics and sensors.
Additionally, many types of flexible and transparent conductors are also available commercially, ranging from indium-tin-oxide(ITO) to nanotubes and nanowires.
All these materials and technologies are mature ,and the devices based on these are readily available in the market, which could be further integrated into more complex systems that can enable a wide range of applications
Flexibility is a necessity for successful integration of electronics into biological systems.
Hence,Flexible electronics has attracted a lot of attention for its enormous potential in many important applications, such as wearable health-monitoring devices and medical implants..17
Application areasTRANSFORMING HEALTHCAREWAR WITH WEARABLE TECHNOLOGYWEARABLE -PATCHESSMART CYCLING WITH WEARABLESASSISTIVE WEARABLES FOR LEARNINGFASHION/TEXTILE INDUSTRY18
The human is a connected object20
GOLDEN RULES FOR DESIGNING WEARABLES21
PROS & CONS22
BENEFITSGood portabilityFashionableAlways on for performing the intended functionHands-freeQuick accessibility
PITFALLSPrivacy concernsData insecurityCost
Future Aspects..23The decreasing cost of processing power and other components is encouraging widespread adoption and availability
3D printers are facilitating quick prototyping
And crowd funding platforms are providing new ways to get funds.
And hence ,wearable technology is on the rise in personal and business use..
Global sales is expected to reach almost 250 million units by 2018
Though 2015 growth is expected to be driven by passive wearbles, in 2016-17, passive wearable products will likely become increasingly complex and eventually shift to autonomous wearable products.
As wearable electronics become mainstream within the period 2015-17, prices are expected to decline in both passive and autonomous wearables24
Wearable electronicsCONCLUSION- wear your future25
Wearable computers or body-borne computers are especially useful for applications that demands advanced computational support, that is , more than hardware-coded logic.
These seamlessly merge with our daily lives .
Rather the wearable devices act more as an extension of our mind and body and sometimes also in a way like an artificial body part
26Its wearables time to shine!!!!!!!!!!The market potential for wearable computing stems from its diversity-from watches,fitness trackers to sensor-filled clothes ,augmented reality glasses to implantables
As per Credit Suisse, a leading financial services company, the market for wearable technology will rise tenfold to as high as 50 billion US dollars by 2016 or 2018 !
The next big revolution in IT will not reside in your pocket or on your office table; .youll be wearing it !