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Warm Up Directions: Pick one vocabulary word and try to put something in the boxes below. FactsWhat facts did you note?FeelingsWhat feelings did you have?QuestionsWhat questions do you have?IdeasWhat ideas do you have?Property of GCPS Accelerated Programs and Gifted Education1Notes on Unit 3The Road to RevolutionComparing the ColoniesNew England ColoniesMiddle ColoniesSouthern ColoniesLand and Climatecold; rugged terrain with rocky soilmilder climate; rich soilsmildest climate; rich soilsFarmingsmall family farmslarger farms; wheatlarge plantations; tobacco, rice, silk, indigoOther Industryshipbuilding, whaling, fishing, and furniture buildingmanufacturing, mining, textiles, shipbuildingcasks and barrels from longleaf pine forests3French and Indian WarCalled Seven Years War in England.War between France and England that began in 1754Britain won and these were the results:Britain gained CanadaBritain gets Ohio River valley Britain gets Florida from Spain (because they allied with the French)France loses all land in North America**The huge debt Britain had led to increased taxes on the colonies and eventually the American RevolutionProclamation of 1763Set Georgias southern border at the St. Marys river and western border at the Mississippi River.Forbid anyone from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains

Stamp ActPassed in 1765 to raise money for the French and Indian WarTaxed newspapers, legal documents, and licensesGreatly opposed by many colonistsThe Georgia Gazette (1st Newspaper was shut down)

Boston Massacre

Boston Tea Party

Intolerable ActsA group of 4 laws passed by Great Britain in response to the patriots actionsThey closed the port of Boston, forbid the people from having a town meeting, British soldiers would be tried in Great Britain if they committed a crime, and the people were required to house and feed British soldiers at their expense(Quartering Act)In 1774, all the colonies, EXCEPT Georgia, met at the 1st Continental Congress to protest these lawsUnhappy with British ActsGreat Britain needed money; much debt and security expenses resulted from the French and Indian WarSugar Act: tax on sugar and molasses imported from the West IndiesStamp Act: tax on newspapers, legal documents, and licensesGeorgians disapproved of these acts 101st Continental CongressHeld in response to Intolerable ActsDecision was made to boycott trade with Great BritainGeorgia was the only colony that did not send representation because:Smallest and youngest colonyRelied on Britain for defense and economic support1st Political CartoonCreated by Benjamin FranklinGeorgia is missing.Why?What does the cartoon mean?

The Big Questionhttp://www.gpb.org/georgiastories/story/big_questionName 3 of the laws or acts that the British parliament passed that were seen as unfair by the citizens of the colony.What was the colony in the North that seemed to be the center of the rebellion and whose people were referred to as hotheads?What were the names of two groups that were rebelling against British authority?Why did some of the colonists support British rule?What do you think might have happened to the Georgia colony if the citizens had not joined the rebellion against Great Britain?The Liberty BoysGeorgians who came together to oppose the Stamp Act Part of larger group, the Sons of LibertySome called them Liberty BrawlersMet in taverns, such as Savannahs Tondees Tavern Georgia only colony to actually sell the stampsStamp Act was eventually repealed http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t-9pDZMRCpQ14Lexington and ConcordThe first battles of the American RevolutionThe shot heard round the WorldPaul Reveres ridehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D8ToUlFH_AMhttp://www.revolutionarywaranimated.com/LexingtonAnimation.html

2nd Continental CongressPetitioned king to stop hostile actionsFormed 1st Continental Army with George Washington as commanderHeld in response to growing conflicts with the King.Taxation with RepresentationNo response to boycott of trade with BritainWrote and signed the Declaration of Independence.

Declaration of IndependencePassed by the Second Continental CongressSigned by 3 GeorgiansDeclared independence from Great Britain and that the 13 colonies were 1 nationPrimary Author was Thomas JeffersonIntro.- PreambleBody- Complaints against KingConclusion- US is a separate NationButton GwinnettRepresented Georgia at the Second Continental CongressSigned the Declaration of Independence Killed in a duel with another politicianOur county is named after him

Lyman HallWas the first person sent to represent GA to the 2nd Continental CongressSigned the Declaration of IndependenceWas declared an enemy of the crown after signing the Declaration of IndependenceHas a county in GA named after him

George WaltonRepresented Georgia at the Second Continental CongressSigned the Declaration of IndependenceYoungest signer of the Declaration of Independence

The Liberty Boyshttp://www.gpb.org/georgiastories/story/liberty_boysWho was the governor of the colony during this time period?What was the name given to those who were loyal to Great Britain? What was the name given to those who supported the idea of separation from Great Britain?What did the Stamp Act require of the colonists? What was the argument of the colonists against this act?What was the name of the rowdy group of young men who were opposing British rule?When and where were the opening battle of the Revolution fought?PatriotsCitizens who were ready to break free from England and form their own nation, also called Whigs (ex. Liberty Boys or Liberty Brawlers)

LoyalistsPeople who were loyal to the king during the revolution, also called Tories or the Kings Friends

Battle of Kettle CreekThe first real victory for the Georgia militia over the BritishNot a major battle, but important to lifting the morale of GeorgiansGained weapons and horses from the British

Elijah ClarkeLed the Georgia militia to victory in the Battle of Kettle Creeka county in GA is named after him (the smallest one in the state)

Austin DabneyA black man who fought with Elijah Clark at the Battle of Kettle CreekSaved Elijah Clarkes Life..Received land after the revolution as compensation for his service, but it was debated since he was black

Nancy HartA Georgia Heroine of the revolution who has many legends about herWhile 5 British soldiers were in her house, she killed 1 and held the others at gunpointExample of the Revolutionary spirit in GAThe only county in GA named after a woman is named after her

Siege of Savannahhttp://www.gpb.org/georgiastories/story/savannah_under_attackWhen was the Battle of Savannah fought?Name two countries (allies) who supported the colonists in the battle.How did the colonists first attempt to defeat the British?What were three advantages the colonists were supposed to have when they attached the British?Did the colonist actually win the battle?

Siege of SavannahIn 1779, a combined French and American force attacked Savannah (controlled by the British)Nearly 1000 men died and the Americans lost. The city remained in the hands of the British for 3 more years

Georgia ColonyProprietary ColonyA colony run by group of people and run like a business (ex. Trustees)Trustee Colony to Royal ColonyTrustee Colony was governed by the TrusteesRoyal Colony was governed by the king, through an appointed governor.

Revolutionary War TimeLineLexington and ConcordStarted the Revolutionary WarShot Heard Around The WorldSaratogaTurning point of the WarAcquired needed supplies from BritishYorktownLast Battle of Revolutionary WarOfficial surrender from General Cornwallis to George WashingtonTreaty of Paris of 1783Official end of Revolutionary WarMap of Timeline events

Lexington and ConcordSaratogaYorktownSiege of SavannahKettle CreekThe end of war is near!?

Key Georgia PoliticiansReynolds, Ellis, Wright (Royal Governors)Lyman Hall, Button Gwinnett, George Walton (DOI signers from GA)Noble Wimberly JonesMost outspoken politician that favored IndependenceElected as the Speaker of the Georgia Colonial Assembly