Warm Up 1 Pretend that you are an explorer in the 1700’s. Pretend that you know nothing of the technology currently available to you (no cell phones, GPS,

Download Warm Up 1 Pretend that you are an explorer in the 1700’s. Pretend that you know nothing of the technology currently available to you (no cell phones, GPS,

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  • Warm Up 1 Pretend that you are an explorer in the 1700s. Pretend that you know nothing of the technology currently available to you (no cell phones, GPS, computers or internet). Pretend that you are asked to draw of map of the places you personally visit. Talk to your partner about how you will go about the task of map making. Sketch a brief drawing of a map of some place you have personally visited or you can do this for the town of Weatherford.

  • This is what explorers maps looked like as they traveled. Samples of atlas images of historical exploration and voyages

  • P.S. Atlas is a figure from Greek mythology. He is the son of the Titan Iapetus and Clymene (or Asia), and brother of Prometheus. Atlas was punished by Zeus and made to bear the weight of the heavens

  • Warm Up 2With your partner, discuss the following topic:What do you already know about the slave trade out of Africa to North America?

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TtRaG_bokds

  • AGE OF EXPLORATIONConnecting Hemispheres

  • CAUSES OF EUROPEAN EXPANSION FROM 1450 TO 1750

    Renaissance ideas Desire for trade routes, spices, and profits or a greater wealth. Desire to spread Christianity New technologies in ships and sailing. Increase countrys power Absolute monarchs use their wealth and power to support the Age of Exploration. God, Gold and Glory Concept

  • Technological AdvancesSextantCaravel Used by the Portuguese Triangle Sails Rudder

    Compass

    hnice - merchants wanted to bypass Italian and Muslim merchants - after Crusades spices were in demand. They wanted to start their own spice trade - this meant finding trade routes to Asia.

    Crusades left feelings of hostility - they believed it was their sacred duty to continue fighting the Muslims and to convert non-Christians throughout the world.Dias's motives "to serve God and His Majesty, to give light to those who were in darkness and to grow rich as all men desire to do."

    Technology made these voyages possible. Without the new technology, the explorers would not have been able to navigate the distances they did.

  • Go to your read-a-long page. Discuss with your partner the following question.Now that the Europeans have better exploring equipment, what is the result?Improved ships and new navigational instruments made for longer journeys.

  • Now that we can travel farther and faster we can trade more effectively with new groups of people. Mercantilism an economic system developing during the decay of feudalism to unify and increase the power and especially the monetary wealth of a nation by a strict governmental regulation of the entire national economy usually through policies designed to secure an accumulation of bullion, a favorable balance of trade, the development of agriculture and manufactures, and the establishment of foreign trading monopolies

  • Growth of MercantilismNations increase power in 2 ways 1) get as much gold & silver as you can 2) sell more goods that you buyGoal is to become self-sufficient Causes Changes in European Society

    hnice - Mercantilism is the theory that a countries power depends mainly on its wealth. According to this theory, you can obtain wealth in two ways.

    A nations ultimate goal under mercantilism is to b/cm self-sufficient. So, this goes hand in hand with colonization - for the colonies played a vital role in this new system. Aside from providing gold and silver, they provide things that can not be found in the home country like wood or fur. They become a supplier of raw goods, but also a market for the finished product.

    The Commercial Revolution spurs the growth of towns and the rise in status of the merchant class. These only go so far though - many of Europes people still live in rural conditions and the m ajority of them remain poor. More than anything else, the Commerical Revolution increases the wealth of European nations.

    GO OVER THEIR ANSWERS TO NEW WORLD/OLD WORLD PRODUCTS. LOOK AT PAGE 501.

  • Go to your read-a-long page. Discuss with your partner the following questions.

    How does the growth of mercantilism cause changes in European society? What changes and how does it change?

  • Ottoman Empire and the Turks(14531922) Talk about the important geographical factors of the Ottoman Empire.

    Why do you think the Ottomans were not able to control Western Europe?

    hnice - Ruled by Ming Dynasty overlords, contol Korea and southeast asia through tribute and signs of submission.

    When the Qing Dynasty takes over from the Ming, they enforce a policy of Isolationism - if anyone wanted to trade with China, they had to accept the strict rules of the Chinese which included trading only at special ports and paying tribute. The Dutch followed these rules - as a result the Dutch returned home with silk and a new trade item - tea. By 1800 tea would make up 80% of the shipments to Europe. Britain attempted to trade with China, but China would not bend as Britain would not comply to their rules and wanted to make them buy British products.

    Zheng He - a Chinese Muslim who launched seven voyages of exploration in 1405 before the Europeans began to sail beyond their borders. Remarkable voyages b/c of distance traveled, size of ships and fleet. He went to SE Asia, India, Arabia, and Africa.

  • Rise of the Ottoman Empire Capture of Constantinople and renaming to Istanbul Capture of Mecca, Medina, and Cairo

  • List the areas the Ottoman Empire controlled on trade routes.

  • Cultural and political achievements under Suleiman IEmpire in place until end of World War I

    He is known in the West as Suleiman the Magnificent and in the East, as "The Lawgiver." Instituted legislative changes relating to society, education, taxation, and criminal law. He was a distinguished poet and goldsmith. He was a patron of culture and cared about artistic, literary and architectural development in the Ottoman Empire. He spoke five languages: Ottoman Turkish, Arabic, Chagatai, Persian and Serbian.

  • IMPACT OF OTTOMAN EMPIRE ON EASTERN EUROPE AND GLOBAL TRADEEastern Europe: Constantinople conquered in 1453 and renamed Istanbul Suleimans advances into Hungary and Austria in 1525 but expansion stopped with the Siege of Vienna in 1529

  • Caravanseri (roadside inns for rest) network: assured safety for traveling merchants and envoys

    Go to your read-a-long page. Discuss with your partner the following question: What would make having these caravanseri very important to merchants?

  • Naval trade in spices, wheat, and lumber throughout the Mediterranean, Aegean, Black and Red Seas and the Persian Gulf

    The Ottoman Empire controlled trade routes for hundreds of year in: Middle EastIndian OceanWestern Russia and Republics area

  • China and the Ming Dynasty(1368-1644)

    hnice - Ruled by Ming Dynasty overlords, contol Korea and southeast asia through tribute and signs of submission.

    When the Qing Dynasty takes over from the Ming, they enforce a policy of Isolationism - if anyone wanted to trade with China, they had to accept the strict rules of the Chinese which included trading only at special ports and paying tribute. The Dutch followed these rules - as a result the Dutch returned home with silk and a new trade item - tea. By 1800 tea would make up 80% of the shipments to Europe. Britain attempted to trade with China, but China would not bend as Britain would not comply to their rules and wanted to make them buy British products.

    Zheng He - a Chinese Muslim who launched seven voyages of exploration in 1405 before the Europeans began to sail beyond their borders. Remarkable voyages b/c of distance traveled, size of ships and fleet. He went to SE Asia, India, Arabia, and Africa.

  • Zheng He

    Admiral Zheng He had massive ships created in order to conduct trading expeditions. They visited southeast Asia, India, Arabia, and East Africa They brought back gold and animals just as zebras and camels. Overall, these expeditions brought wealth and knowledge of other civilizations to China.

  • Influence of the Ming dynasty on world trade Goals Impress world with the power and splendor of Ming China and expand Chinas tribute system Envoys from different countries travel to China with tribute

  • However, the Ming leaders feared foreign cultures would corrupt Chinese culture so they moved into a time of isolation. The fleet of ships was too expense to maintain and since there were no longer in use the Chinese burned some ships and let others just rot away.Zheng He and Columbus: Flag Ships

  • Go to your read-a-long page. Discuss with your partner the following questions.

    What would the long-term global effects of the Chinese choosing not to explore anymore?

  • DIFFUSION OF MAJOR IDEAS IN MATHEMATICS, SCIENCE, AND TECHNOLOGYThe Ming Dynasty adopted the following items and ideas as they traveled:

    Spurred by contact with Europe, i.e., telescope Trigonometry Hydraulic powered devices for irrigation and agriculture Snorkeling gear for pearl divers Astronomy from India

  • Europeans Trade in the East

    hnice - Ruled by Ming Dynasty overlords, contol Korea and southeast asia through tribute and signs of submission.

    When the Qing Dynasty takes over from the Ming, they enforce a policy of Isolationism - if anyone wanted to trade with China, they had to accept the strict rules of the Chinese which included trading only at special ports and paying tribute. The Dutch followed these rules - as a result the Dutch returned home with silk and a new trade item - tea. By 1800 tea would make up 80% of the shipments to Europe. Britain attempted to trade

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