Wall covering

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<ul><li> 1. Wall Covering </li> <li> 2. Types of wall covering Paint Wall paper Wooden panels Fabric wall covering Glass wall covering Metal wall covering Stainless steel Mirror Ceramics Cork </li> <li> 3. Paint Paint is made up of pigments and oil or water- based binder. Paint can be used for identification , emphasis of hazards and danger and to maintain hygiene as paint facilitates easy cleaning Paint is cheap, easily applied and cleaned It gives textural and multi colour effects </li> <li> 4. Types of Paints Emulsion Alkyd Multicolor Textured or plastic Micro porous DESINGED BY Sunil Kumar Research Scholar/ Food Production Faculty Institute of Hotel and Tourism Management, MAHARSHI DAYANAND UNIVERSITY, ROHTAK Haryana- 124001 INDIA Ph. No. 09996000499 email: skihm86@yahoo.com , balhara86@gmail.com linkedin:- in.linkedin.com/in/ihmsunilkumar facebook: www.facebook.com/ihmsunilkumar </li> <li> 5. Emulsion Paints These paints consist of synthetic resins and dyes dispersed in water, when dried they form tough, washable and wear resistant films. They are alkali resistant and are suitable for new ,damp plastered walls. They have little odor and quick to dry and suitable for redecoration of guest rooms Vinyl matt emulsion gives a matt, non shiny finish Vinyl satin emulsion gives a subtle, soft- sheen finish &amp; more durable then matt Vinyl silk emulsion gives a high sheen finish &amp; most durable then all </li> <li> 6. Alkyd Paints These are made up of synthetic resins called alkyds, which are widely used in the manufacture of paint and varnishes, vegetable oils (linseed oil) &amp; mineral spirit as the solvent. They are easy to apply and are durable. They are available in glass, silk and flat finish Used in those place that are subjected to heavy wear </li> <li> 7. Multicolor paints This uniquely decorative paints consist of individual flecks of different colors, subtly blended to achieve the natural appearance of such materials as granite, cork, leather and stone. It is a dispersion of cellulose colors in water. </li> <li> 8. Textured or plastic Paints These are usually plaster based (limestone, sand, water). They give a textured finish to the surface. After the paints is applied it is worked upon by using combs, palette knives etc </li> <li> 9. Micro Porous Paints They have a rubberized base and give only a slight gloss. They offer elasticity, allowing the movement when the surface expands or contracts </li> <li> 10. Other types of paints Primer Undercoat Anti- condensation Radiator paint Fire retardant Bituminous </li> <li> 11. Cleaning painted surface Light dust can be removed using a duster, broom or vacuum cleaner. The surface should be damp wiped or washed when necessary </li> <li> 12. 2. Wallpaper Wallpaper is obtained in various sizes. The price varies depending on the design &amp; quality of the materials used. It has a smooth or textured effect Various pattern such as floral, geometric, striped, abstract etc are available The choice depends on the aspect, light, size and use of the room </li> <li> 13. Types of Wallpaper Machine printed wallpaper- commonly available Hand-printed wallpaper expensive, not widely available Spongeable or washable this paper has a thin coat on transparent plastic over the pattern on underlying pulp paper Anaglyptic plain embossed patterned paper which is normally painted over Wood chips- it is cream in color &amp; has saw dust or wood chips mixed when the paper is in pulp form </li> <li> 14. Anaglyptic Anaglyptic plain embossed patterned paper which is normally painted over </li> <li> 15. Flock -This is one of the oldest type of wallpaper. It is treated with adhesive to which silk, wool or cotton or any synthetic fibers are stuck to give raised patterns, which look and feel like velvet. Used in pubs, restaurants, clubs Metallic paper- printed with gold or other metallic powders, it is expensive Hessian- it durable jute cloth with paper backing Marble paper- wallpaper with marble effect Japanese grass cloth- thick seeds (stalks) of grass tied together on to paper backing </li> <li> 16. Lining paper- do not give decorative finish, it is used on bare walls and ceilings in preparation for painting or papering Pulps- cheapest type of wallpaper, it is just paper with a pattern printed upon it Vinyl coated- thin skin of vinyl with a paper backing with any pattern printed on to the vinyl Vinyl vinyl skin is thicker then vinyl coated Embossed- embossed pattern wallpaper with a decorative finish </li> <li> 17. Cleaning of wallpaper Surface dust can be removed using duster, broom, or vacuum cleaner If paper is spongeable , a damp cloth can be used for wiping it </li> <li> 18. Wood Paneling Nature of wood paneling very hard Well seasoned Decorative in appearance Sound insulation May be used to cover a wall completely or form a dado Insulation against heat Gives a warm and elegant feeling Wood paneling may be solid or veneered Wood paneling lasts for years with little maintenance if proper precaution are taken against woodworm </li> <li> 19. Cleaning of wood paneling Dust should be removed using vacuum cleaner. When the panels become dirty they should be wiped over with white spirit, vinegar and water and then polished. </li> <li> 20. Glass wall covering It usually used in the form of a mirror, which reflects light It can make a room or corridor appear larger </li> <li> 21. Metal wall covering Metals may be used for their decorative and hygienic qualities. The metals normally used are copper, anodized aluminum and stainless steel Others Linoleum, carpets, marble, granite </li> <li> 22. Ceramic tiles Ceramic tiles are one of the oldest and longest- lasting flooring materials known. Ceramic tiles are an appropriate choice for any floor but they are especially well suited for such areas as bathrooms, kitchens, hallways, Ceramic tiles can be used on the walls, especially in bathrooms and kitchens </li> <li> 23. Cork tiles Cork tiles can be a beautiful and durable way to provide warmth to a room Cork tiles are a good alternative to wood and provide a unique, eye catching appearance DESINGED BY Sunil Kumar Research Scholar/ Food Production Faculty Institute of Hotel and Tourism Management, MAHARSHI DAYANAND UNIVERSITY, ROHTAK Haryana- 124001 INDIA Ph. No. 09996000499 email: skihm86@yahoo.com , balhara86@gmail.com linkedin:- in.linkedin.com/in/ihmsunilkumar facebook: www.facebook.com/ihmsunilkumar webpage: chefsunilkumar.tripod.com </li> </ul>