vus.6.  are political parties good or bad for democracy?

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Events in the US From 1790-1850

Events in the US From 1790-1850VUS.6Are Political Parties good or bad for democracy?Before we begin:It agitates the community with ill-founded jealousies and false alarms, kindles the animosity of one part against another, foments occasionally riot and insurrection.

-George WashingtonFarewell Address to the NationSeveral controversies led to organized political parties.Bank of the United StatesThe Jay TreatyUndeclared war on FranceThe Democratic-Republicans were led by Thomas Jefferson and James MadisonThe election of 1800, won by Jefferson, was the first American presidential election in which political power was peacefully transferred from one political party to another. The Federalists, led by John Adams and Alexander Hamilton, believed in a strong national government and commercial economy. They were supported by bankers and business interests in the Northeast

Jefferson was elected in 1800 and served to consecutive terms as President.He will purchase the Louisiana Territory from the French in 1803, doubling the size of the United States overnight. Lewis and Clark were authorized to explore the territories west of the Mississippi River. They used Sacajawea, an American Indian, as their guide and translator.Mr. Thomas JeffersonThe Louisiana Purchase 1803, by Thomas Jefferson

George Washington, First PresidentThomas Jefferson, Third PresidentJames Madison, Fourth President James Monroe, Fifth President

Virginia: The Mother of Presidents

The American victory over the British in the War of 1812 produced an American claim to the Oregon Territory and increased migration of American settlers into Florida, later acquired by treaty from SpainDolleys Dash from the HouseWar of 1812

The Battle of Ft. McHenry in Maryland led Francis Scott Key to write a poem, later put to music, called The Star Spangled Banner, which became our national anthem.The Star Spangled Banner

British Interference with American shipping and western expansionism fueled the call for a declaration of war.Federalists opposed Madisons war resolution, talked of secession, and proposed constitutional amendments, which were not acted upon.Causes of War of 1812President Monroe issued his political philosophy in 1823.American continents should not be considered for future colonization by any European powers.Nations in the Western Hemisphere were inherently different from those of EuropeThe US would regard as a threat to her own peace and safety any attempt by European powers to impose their system on any independent state.The US would stay out of European affairs. The Monroe DoctrineIndustrialism will begin to cause Americans to move westward, why would this be?American settlers streamed westward from the coastal states into the Midwest, Southwest, and Texas, seeking economic opportunity in the form of land to own and farm.American Engine-uity

Railroads and canals helped the growth of an industrial economy and supported western movement of settlers. Eli Whitneys invention of the cotton gin led to the spread of slavery-based King Cotton in the Deep South.

Americans Settle WestwardThe changing character of American politics in the age of the common man was characterized byHeightened emphasis on equality in the political process for adult white malesThe rise of interest group politics and sectional issuesA changing style of campaigningIncreased voter participationThe Age of the Common ManElections of 1824 and 1828Andrew Jackson personified the democratic spirit of the age by challenging the economic elite and rewarding campaign supporters with public office.Spoils systemOld Hickory

The Federalist party will disappear and new parties like the Whigs and Know-Nothings were organized in opposition to the Democratic Party.

Up and ComersThe belief that it was Americas Manifest Destiny to stretch from the Atlantic to the Pacific provided political support for territorial expansion.The forced march of the Trail of Tears wherein several tribes were relocated from Atlantic Coastal states to Oklahoma or confined to reservationsImpact on the IndiansAmerican migration into Texas led to an armed revolt against Mexican rule and a famous battle at the Alamo, in which a band of Texans fought to the last man against a vastly superior force.

Texas and The United States

The Texans eventual victory over Mexico brought Texas into the Union.The American victory in the Mexican War during the 1840s led to the acquisition of an enormous territory that includes present day states of California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, and parts of Colorado and New Mexico.Remember the AlamoIn your mind, think of three differences in the North, South, and the West. How would these things cause differences in these different states?

Sectionalism The industrial North favored high protective tariffs to protect Northern manufactured goods from foreign competition.The agricultural South opposed high tariffs that made the price of imports more expensive.Sectional Tensions caused by competing economic interestsAs new states entered the Union, compromises were reached that maintained the balance of power in Congress between free and slave states.

Sectional Tensions caused by westward expansionThe Missouri Compromise (1820) drew an east-west line through the Louisiana Purchase, with slavery prohibited above the line except that in Missouri

MO CompromiseIn this compromise, California entered as a free state, while the new Southwestern territories acquired from Mexico would decide on their ownCompromise of 1850Repealed MO Compromise lineGave people in Kansas and Nebraska the choice whether to allow slavery in their states or not (POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY)It caused much blood shed in Kansas, Bloody Kansas as those for or against slavery battled it outThe Republican party is born in 1854 because it stood against slaveryKansas-Nebraska Act 1854South Carolinians argued that sovereign states could nullify the Tariff of 1832 and other acts of Congress. This leads to the Nullification Crisis, where it was believed:A union that allowed state governments to invalidate acts of the national legislature could be dissolved by states seceding from the Union in defense of slavery.

Sectional Tensions over the nature of the UnionSlave revolts in Virginia, led by Nat Turner and Gabriel Prosser, fed white Southerners fears about slave rebellions and led to harsh laws in the South against fugitive slaves. Southerners who favored abolition were intimidated into silence

Sectional tensions caused by the institution of slaveryNortherners, led by William Lloyd Garrison, publisher of The Liberator, increasingly viewed the institution of slavery as a violation of Christian principles and argued for its abolition.Southerners increasingly grew alarmed by the growing force of the Northern response to the abolitionists.Fugitive slave events pitted Southern slave owners against Northerners who opposed returning escaped slaves.Sectional tensions caused by the institution of slavery

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