voluntary sector in india

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    Involvement of voluntary organizations

    will help the government in public



    The tradition of voluntary action is deep-rooted in the country and has been a part of our national awakening and of our freedom struggle.

    Swami Dayananda, Swami Vivekananda, Gandhiji and other great reformers who emphasized strong social and community action to remove social evils.

    These efforts need to be strengthened and synergized. Community based, it is more accountable and capable of providing services at a lesser cost.


  • More significantly, voluntary organizations have the

    flexibility to develop innovative projects based on local

    needs and resources in contrast to the standardization

    that normally characterizes governmental actions.

    The growth of the voluntary sector has been uneven in

    the country and consequently the flow of funds, both

    domestic & foreign, is somewhat skewed in favour of

    some States and some activities. It is stressed that this

    needs to be corrected. It is necessary to have a regular

    review of the contributions of the voluntary sector.


  • Nation building is a chariot that is driven by five horses.

    These are: the Central Government, the State

    Governments, the Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs), the

    Private Sector and Voluntary Organizations (VOs) and

    Community Based Organizations. The chariot will run fast

    and in the right direction only when all the five horses run

    in tandem.

    Democracy can be strengthened with a tradition of public

    service and a spirit of voluntarism. These promote a

    culture of cooperation among the people and between the

    people and the government. 4

  • Much work has been done by devoted activists in

    different areas of nation building (such as integrated rural

    development, watershed management and traditional rain

    harvesting, construction of community toilets, woman and

    child welfare in tribal and hilly areas, etc.). They may

    inspire others, especially the younger generation, to

    participate in voluntary work. Greater involvement of

    voluntary organizations will help the government in

    providing more efficient delivery of services at

    substantially lower costs and create gainful employment.


  • In areas of food and nutritional security,

    implementation of ICDS programme the NGOs

    had an important role in creating awareness

    and dissemination of information.

    There is need towards development of an

    effective GO-VO partnership in all sectors of

    development. Thousands VOs are currently

    working in India and are engaged in activities

    that are best done by VOs.


  • 7

    The use of the term NGO (Non-Government Organization)

    instead of VO (Voluntary Organization) attached a

    negative connotation to it, as it does not reflect the true

    nature of voluntarism.

    Responding to the suggestion to accept the acronym VO

    in place of NGO, it was pointed out that there is an

    extensive international usage of the term NGO particularly

    in the UN system.

  • Economic inequality is at the root of all forms of social

    injustice and therefore VOs must develop a viable

    mechanism to raise the economic conditions of the

    deprived people.

    It is felt that formation of selfhelp groups could be one

    such method to help the deprived.

    The administrative constraints being faced by the VOs

    requires that a practicable time frame be observed for

    fast dealing with applications for assistance from the



  • 9

    Development functions like running of schools, health

    care, water supply etc. may be in the definition of

    voluntary sector as these are really voluntary in

    character. Real development of a society free from

    exploitation of all sorts is possible only after the people

    and the social activists, NGOs included, possess

    strength of character and capacity to bear humiliations

    and insults in pursuit of the good of the society and that

    such constructive work could be done by the VOs only.

  • 10

    Public health and sanitation,

    health education,


    rural development and

    social welfare, are the activities of VOs that need fullest

    cooperation between the Government and peoples

    organizations There is a need for training of

    functionaries for capacity building of the VOs, which is

    essential for their involvement in disability, rural

    technology, water conservation, natural resource

    management etc.

  • 11

    In Tamil Nadu, the voluntary sector had taken up activities

    in health & family welfare, literacy, land use, minor

    irrigation, sericulture and notably in human rights and

    child labour. The State has been actively promoting

    formation of womens SHGs, sanitation, and AIDS

    prevention, through the NGOs. Demonstration of

    replicable models developed by the VOs and the

    Government for reflecting not only the capacity of the VOs

    to mobilize the communities but also pool the

    technologies and resources of the government is needed.


    Clear-cut guidelines for working arrangements

    to involve voluntary organizations in self-

    employment and SHG may be issued by

    Planning Commission.

    Schemes implemented by VOs utilizing foreign

    aid / grant schemes should be a part of District

    / State level action plan.



    Schemes implemented by VOs should not be

    duplicating the schemes of the Government.

    Quarterly bulletin on the schemes

    implemented by VOs should be published by




    VOs should not take up contract works.

    New and smaller VOs should be preferred for

    local level small projects.

    Projects awarded to VOs should be uniformly

    distributed throughout the State.



    VOs should be strictly apolitical.

    Capacity building of small VOs should be the

    responsibility of mother VOs.

    Right to information and social audit is a must

    for VO projects; and

    Monitoring and evaluation of VO projects by

    PRIs, Government officials, other VOs, Peoples

    Committees and academicians is desirable.



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