vol.15 - kitchen cabinets

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THEARTOFWOODWORKING

HOMEWORI$HOP

WORKSHOP IDE GU()F TOOLS DEVICES AND INVENTORY MEASURING

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THEARTOFWOODWORKING

KITCHEN CABTNETS

THE ART OF WOODWORKING

KITCHEN CABINETS

TIME-LIFE BOOKS ALEXANDRIA. VIRGlNIA PRESS ST.REMY MONTREAL

THE ARTOF WOODWORKINGwasproducedby ST. REMY PRESS PUBLISHER Kenneth Winchester PRESIDENT Pierre L6veill6Pierre Home-Douglas Francine Lemieux Andrew Jones Jean-PierreBourgeois, Normand Boudreau Designers Frangois Daxhelet, )ean-Guy Doiron PictureEditor Genevidve Monette Writers John Dowling, Adam Van Sertima Contributing lllustrators Gilles Beauchemin,Michel Blais, Ronald Durepos, JacquesPerrault, Michael Stockdale, JamesThdrien Administrator Natalie Watanabe Production Manager Michelle Turbide Coordinator Dominique Gagn6 Coordinator Eric Beaulieu System Photographer Robert Chartier Proofreader Judy Yelon lndexer Christine M. Jacobs

THE CONSULTANTSfon Eakes has been a cabinetmaker and custom renovator in Montreal for more than 20 years.He is known primarily for his teaching through books, videos, radio, and the TV show RenovationZone. Giles Miller-Mead taught advanced cabinetmaking at Montreal technical schools for more than ten years.A native of New Zealand, he has worked as a restorer of antique furniture.

Series Editor Series Director Art Editor Art Directors

Kitchen cabinets. p. cm.- (The Art of woodworking) Includes index. ISBN 0-8094-9545-7 l. Kitchen-cabinets.2. Cabinetwork. I. Time-Life Books. II. Series.

1996 TTr97.5.K57 684.1'6-dc20

9s-46501 CIP

Time-LifeBooksis a divisionof Time Life Inc., of a wholly ownedsubsidiary THE TIME INC. BOOK COMPANY

book, For informationaboutanyTime-Life please l-800-621-7026, write: call or Reader Information Service Time-LifeCustomer P.O. BoxC-32068 Richmond, Virginia 2326r-2068 @ 1996 Time-LifeBooksInc. All rights reserved. in No part of this book may be reproduced any form or by includinginformation or means, anyelectronic mechanical without prior writand retrievaldevices systems, or storage exceptthat brief passages ten permissionfrom the publisher, may be quotedfor reviews. Firstprinting.Printedin U.S.A. in Published simultaneously Canada. of TIME-LIFEis a trademark TimeWarnerInc. U.S.A.

TIME-LIFEINC.President and CEO John M. Fahey

TIME-LIFEBOOKSPresident ManagingEditor Directorof Design Directorof Editorial Operations Editor Consulting Vice-President, ook Production B Manager Production an QualityAssur ce M anager JohnD. Hall Roberta Conlan MichaelHentges EllenRobling JohnR. Sullivan Marjann Caldwell MarleneZack famesKing

CONTENTS6 INTRODUCTION 12 14 17 19 23 LAYOUTAND DESIGN A galleryof kitchen styles Principles layout of Dimensioning Storypoles 98 100 L02 II2 115 118 I2O I22 123 I34 INSTALLING CABINETS Installation basics Installingthe lower cabinets Islands and peninsulas Installingthe upper cabinets Crown molding COTINTERTOPS A galleryof countertopsurfaces Installingcountertops Backsplashes edgetreatments and

26 CASEWORK 28 Anatomy of a kitchen cabinetcase 30 Buildingmaterials 33 Buildingthe cases and storage 38 Shelving 44 Assembling cabinets the frames 50 Face 56 DOORS 58 A galleryof cabinet door designs doors 60 Board-and-batten doors 62 Frame-and-panel 73 Mounting doors 78 80 83 87 93 DRAWERS Drawerconstruction Building drawers Drawerslides and runners False fronts and hardware

140 GTOSSARY T42 INDEX I44 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

INTRODUCTION

Tom Santarslero on

CHOOSING CABINET STYLE,Sespite tremendous the varietyof kitchencabinets, all comedown to two they

face Each characteristics greatly basic types: frame frameless. has and that affecthow the heartof the modernhomewill appear and function.For the designer, how the cabinets be created. cabinetmaker, installer, and theyalsodetermine will Faceframe cabinets the most populartype of kitchencabinetin North are America. Thistime-honored methodof construction involves attaching framework a of solidlumberto the front of a carcase. Doorsand drawers be mountedin can oneof threeways: inset,lipped, overlay. Inset, mostelegant appearance, in is or the a true testof a craftsman's in construction installation. Tight tolerances skill and arerequired accommodate to woodmovement yielda pleasing seasonal and margin between frameand door.During installation, mustbe setperfectly cabinets level and plumb to maintainthat margin.My clients who choose framedcabinets are veryinterested forginga link with thepast. in Theyappreciate classic of wellthe look fitted doorsand drawers that openwith ease close and with a gentlepuff of air as theynestwithin the frame.

Frameless cabinetry bornin Europe WorldWarII. It addressed was after some of thechallengesthetime, of such theshortage lumber theneed rebuild as of and to housing rapidly. simplicity theframeless,European, The kitchen greatly of or cabinet reduced material, needs, production and time.Doors wouldaligntightlytogether, flowing of casework. reflectedmodernist of achanged line creatingclean, a This a view worldwhere timewas shortandproduction efficiency and reigned This supreme. method yielded construction other benefits. Drawers could wideranddeeper be because didn'tneed clear face they to a frame. storage removal items And and of along with cleaning cabinet the interior became easier moreefficient. and Today, linebetween frame frameless the face has and casework blurred slightly. Frameless limited flush-laminate most theframecabinets nolonger are to doors; of less kitchens I buildfeature raised doors, panel traditional multi-part cornice moldings, andotheraccoutrements endowing kitchen warmth comfort. each with and For installing, maximizing building, storage, ease use, and of frameless cabinets be can't you'd prefer touchof timeless surpassed.on theotherhand, If, a in tradition your your kitchen, cabinets onlya face are frame away.

TomSantarsiero President is of theKtchenDesign Center in Montclair, NewJersey.

INTRODUCTION

DonaldSilvers discusses

KITCHENFORM AND FUNCTIONjugglingtwo requirements: I I n *y work asa kitchendesigner,am continually I creating spaces arebothwonderfulto that lookat anda pleasure workin. Form to andfunctionmustwork in tandem. past, Thiswasnot always case. years the In cabinetmakers designed who kitchens werevirtuallyunknown,sincethe homebuilder responsible creating was for the kitchenand its cabinets, oftenbroughtto the kitchenthe same and economy of means with which he built the restof the house. example, ceilingheightof For a quantities 8 feetandthreestuds spaced inches 16 apartcreated need large the for of plywood.The homebuilder it waseconomically felt soundto useleftoverplyvood for kitchen cabinets there so wouldbeno waste. base The were cabinets 22inches deep just andthewallcabinets were11to 12inches deep. These cabinets-really running shelves with doors-stubbornlyresisted form of change; any base cabinets didn't change a 24-inch to depthuntil thedevelopment dishwaihers of madeit necessary. In the kitchenenvironment today, of designing buildingkitchens much is and morethana wayof recycling leftover homebuilding materials. create To eye-catching residential kitchens, today's designers takena cuefrom the extraordinary have work of cabinetmakers. different The woodsandfinishes makeup thecabinetmaker's that palette providethefreedom conjure anystyle. to Wth histools,thecabinetmaker up might carve cherryor oakwoods, creating French English or Countrycabinets, or shape intimate an ArtsandCrafts kitchen beech. couldfashion Art Decolook in He an in the richness walnut, anArt Nouveau, of or Victorian, EarlyAmerican look in or a variety woods-pine, ash, of maple, mahogany, namea few Thecabinetmaker or to puttingat hisdisposal entirecolorspectrum. mighteven work with laminates, the And let'snot forget stains produce