voice over internet protocol presenter: devesh patidar arunjay singh august 2, 2009

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Introduction Voice Over Internet Protocol (VoIP) History Implementation Service Types Benefits Drawbacks Current and Projected Use


Voice over Internet Protocol Presenter: Devesh Patidar Arunjay Singh August 2, 2009 Introduction What is Voice Over Internet Protocol (VoIP)? The two-way transmission of audio over a packet-switched IP network. When used in a private intranet or WAN, it is generally known as 'voice over IP,' or 'VoIP.' When the transport is the public Internet or the Internet backbone from a major carrier, it is generally called 'Internet telephony. Introduction Voice Over Internet Protocol (VoIP) History Implementation Service Types Benefits Drawbacks Current and Projected Use History of VoIP Network Voice Protocol Created in 1973 by Danny Cohen at USC Project Goals Wanted to create digital high-quality, low-bandwidth, secure voice handling capability Control Protocol Data Transport Protocol Circuit Switching Current Phone Systems Dedicated line with a constant connection Originally very expensive Each call transmits at 64 kilobits per second 64 kbps x 2 directions = 128 kbps 128 kbps = 16 kilobytes per second During a 10 minute call, about 10 MB Highly inefficient Circuit Switching Example: Circuit SwitchingCircuit Switching Packet Switching VoIP Phone Systems Connection only long enough to send a packet of information Thousands of possible paths for packet to go Network uses cheapest and least congested paths Quality of Service (QoS) A 10 minute call transfers only about 2 MB Packet Switching Example: Packet SwitchingPacket Switching Quality of Service (QoS) Defined in the International Telecommunication Union standard X.902 A set of quality requirements on the collective behavior of one or more objects. Control mechanisms to provide different priorities to different users or data flows Important for real-time streaming applications VoIP Implementation Sender picks up the phone Analog telephone adapter (ATA) Data converted by a codec Soft Switch Receiver picks up ringing phone Data transfer during calls is handled by current internet infrastructure Analog Telephone Adapter (ATA) Converts audio between analog and digital signals Need one on each end of the call Sends signal to handle connect and disconnect Codecs Coder-decoder or codecs Conversion from analog audio signal to digital signal Most common codec is the G.729A sampling rate of 8,000 times per second Conjugate-structure Algebraic-code-excited Linear Prediction algorithm (CS-ACELP) Responsible for the large gap in performance Soft Switches Database mapping program Endpoint-to-Endpoint Location Phone Number IP address Allows phones, computers, and WiFi phones to work together Industry Protocol Standards H.323 Protocol Suite Main flaw not designed for VoIP Industry Protocol Standards Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) Smaller, more efficient Designed specifically for VoIP Handles User location User capabilities User availability Call setup Call handling VoIP Service Types Home Phones Requires an ATA Usually provided for free IP Phones ATA technology built in Ethernet Phones WiFi Phones Computer-to-Computer calls Computer-to-Computer VoIP Simplest and cheapest way to use VoIP Requires Microphone Speaker Sound card Broadband internet Costs: Software and ISP service Calls: Free Example: Skype Download ServiceSkype Download Service Benefits Uses technology already in common use Cost Bundled Services Caller ID Voice Mail Call Waiting Call Forwarding Many Others Long Distance and International Rates Benefits Cost of Calls Made from US to Foreign Countries Drawbacks 911 Emergency Calls Dependence on Wall Power Latency issues, jitter, and packet loss Viruses, worms, and hackers Integration with land-line dependant hardware DVRs, digital television service, and home security systems Drawbacks Security Problems sending faxes Dependence on Internet Service Providers Requirement of broadband connectivity WiFi hotspot dependence Current and Projected Use Roughly 6 million in US in 2006 Expected to climb to 24 million by the end of 2008 Increase in service providers Traditional phone companies At&T, Sprint, Nextel, Time Warner, Reliance info. VoIP companies Skype, Vonage, VoIP Inc. Conclusion VoIP will be a dominate force in the 21 st century Probably at least another 10 years before possibly replacing current phone systems If the current flaws are fixed sooner rather than later, it could be much sooner than a decade Thank you


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