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Introduction on VARANASIBYAMIT YADAVWATATMAJ PANDEY
Name and OriginOne of the oldest cities of the world and the oldest city of India Have several names: Varanasi, Banares, KashiA place between Varuna and Assi is called VARANASI.Holy place for Hindus, Buddhists and Jains.Significance of the Ganga River
History Varanasi was founded by the god Shiva. The Pandavas, the heroes of the Hindu epic Mahabharata are also stated to have visit the city in search of ShivaThese archaeological remains suggest that the Varanasi area was populated by Vedic people. However, the oldest known text referencing the city, the Atharvaveda, which dates to approximately the same Kabir period, suggests that the area was populated by indigenous tribes.
Ancient periodVaranasi grew as an important industrial centre, famous for its muslin and silk fabrics, perfumes, ivory works, and sculpture. During the time of Gautama Buddha, Varanasi was the capital of the Kingdom of Kashi. The Buddha is believed to have founded Buddhism here around 528 BC at nearby Sarnath...
Chandradeva, founder of the Gahadvala dynasty made Banaras a second capital in 1090. During the Mauryan Empire period, Varanasi was connected by a road starting from Taxila and ending at Pataliputra. "In 1194, Muslim rule under the Turkic king Qutbuddin Aibak, who ordered the destruction of approximately 1,000 temples in the city. Feroz Shah ordered the further destruction of Hindu temples in the Varanasi area in 1376. The Afghan ruler Sikander Lodi continued the suppression of Hinduism in the city and destroyed most of the remaining older temples in 1496. Despite the Muslim rule, Varanasi remained the centre of activity for intellectuals and theologians during the Middle Ages,Several major figures of the Bhakti movement were born in Varanasi, including Kabir das and Sant Ravidas,
Modern History (1500 present)Guru Nanak Dev visited Varanasi for Shivratri in 1507, a trip that played a large role in the founding of Sikhism.Varanasi experienced a Hindu cultural revival in the 16th century under the Muslim Mughal emperor Akbar, who invested in the city and built two large temples dedicated to Shiva and Vishnu.
The Raja of Pune established the Annapurna Mandir and Akbari Bridge
Varanasi at the bank of the Ganga
Attractions of the CityTemplesSariRoadsGharanaPanSadhu
City of Temples23000Old Kashi VishwanathSankat Mochan TempleDurga Mata Temple (Durga Kund)Manas TempleBharat Mata TempleKal bhairav TempleMritunjay temple
Durga Mata Temple
Sankat Mochan Temple
This temple was built from the time when Goswami Tulsidas had a vision of the Hanuman.
The temple was established by the great saint Goswami Tulsidas .
The Dev Deepavali is the festival of light
It falls on the full moon of the Hindu month ofKartika (November December) and takes place fifteendays after Diwali.
Ganga aarti Every Evening Ganga Aarti are held, at Every Ghat.
GHATSVaranasi have more than 100 ghats.some famous areDASASWAMEDH GHATASSI GHATMANIKRNIKA GHATRAJENDRAPRASHAD GHATHARISHCHANDRA GHATTULSIDAS GHAT
Mani Karnika Ghat
It is one of the oldest ghats in Varanasi.
When Mata Sati sacrificed her life. Lord Shiva took her burning body to theHimalaya.. Lord Shiva established Shakti Peeth wherever Sati's body had fallen. At Manikarnika ghat, Mata Sati's Ear's ornament had fallen.
There are 51 Shakti Peeth linking to the 51 alphabets in Sanskrit.
Banarasi SariKnown in India for its special featuresWeavers mostly Muslim but customers Hindu that represent composite culture of Varanasi.The city also produces carpets and handicrafts.
SARNATHOne of the most famous place in Varanasi. That is related to lord Buddha.