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  • Using Clickers with Success

    Doug Balmer

    Warwick High School

    June 22, 2009

  • Pedagogy

    “An electronic response system

    does not come prepackaged with

    interactive engagement.”

    (Judson & Sawada, 2002)

  • Pedagogy

    “The instructional design mostly

    isn’t in the equipment or

    software, but in how each

    teacher uses it.”

    (Draper, Cargill, & Cuts, 2002)

  • Social Constructivism

    Kenneth Gergen suggests that social constructivism departs from traditional

    pedagogy in four ways: “(1) the diffusion of authority, (2) the

    vitalization of relationship, (3) the generation of meaning in practice and

    (4) the multiplication of voice.”

    (Geelan, 1997)

  • Inquiry

    “The inquiry process became our

    jungle gym, and as we crawled

    around on it [the students] began

    to really appreciate [the topic

    they were studying].”

    (Ribbens, 2007).

  • Tip #1

    “The implications of this research for teaching are that all three components of the learning process (practice, reflection, and review) are necessary for effective

    student learning.”

    (Bunce, VandenPlas, & Havanki, 2006)

    If students didn’t have access to the clicker questions after class, what would that most affect?

    A) Practice B) Reflection C) Review

  • Tip #1

    “The implications of this research for teaching are that all three components of the learning process (practice, reflection, and review) are necessary for effective

    student learning.”

    (Bunce, VandenPlas, & Havanki, 2006)

    If students didn’t have access to the clicker questions after class, what would that most affect?

    A) Practice B) Reflection C) Review

  • Tip #2

    Discussion-oriented seating

    arrangements are necessary. (University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland, 2005)

  • How would you arrange this

    “traditional” seating arrangement to

    facilitate discussion?

  • How would you arrange this

    “traditional” seating arrangement to

    facilitate discussion?

  • Tip #3

    Give the students “wait time”

    1) Before having them respond.

    2) Before speaking after the results of the clicker

    question are displayed.

    At least how many seconds should you give for

    each of the two “wait times”?

  • Tip #3

    Give the students “wait time”

    1) Before having them respond.

    2) Before speaking after the results of the clicker

    question are displayed.

    A wait time of at least three seconds was

    suggested.

    (Yourstone, Kraye, & Albaum, 2008)

  • Tip #4

    Correct answers should

    not be indicated when displaying the student responses.

    True (T) or False (F)

  • Tip #4

    Correct answers should

    not be indicated when displaying the student responses.

    True (T) or False (F)

    (Draper, Cargill, & Cuts, 2002)

  • Possible Uses

    • Pre-lab assessments

    • Controversial topic polls (stem-cell research,

    abortions, nuclear power, politics, etc.)

    • Interpretation of data and Error analysis

    • Reading quiz

    • Building community awareness

    • Peer assessment

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