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  • User Centered Design Delivering Better Business Value

    Caleb Carroll, Certified Usability Analyst

    Andrew Walling, Senior Business Analyst

  • Business analysts should be using user-centered design tools.

  • How will we convince you?

    u Introduce User Experience (UX) and User Centered Design

    u Understand how Business Analysis and UX compliment each other

    u Know the benefits of user centered design

    u User centered design tools

    u Understand the obstacles and opportunities of doing UX

    u Questions and discussion

  • What is user centered analysis?

  • UX Design Landscape

    u It’s complicated.

  • UX is more than the user interface

    What people assume we do u Make stuff pretty

  • UX is more than the user interface

    What we do u Evangelize for the user u Field research studies u User interviews u User profiles & personas u Gather & analyze stats u Competitor analysis u Create & analyze surveys u Usability u Information architecture u Prototype design u Graphic design u Interaction design u Copywriting u Work with developers

    What people assume we do u Make stuff pretty

  • The whole process

    https://web.archive.org/web/20150419172427/http://sapdesignguild.org/editions/edition10/ucd_overview.asp

    https://web.archive.org/web/20150419172427/http://sapdesignguild.org/editions/edition10/ucd_overview.asp

  • How can user centered design enhance business analysis?

  • BA & UX Designer

    BA Specialty: u “What”

    u Investigate how technology supports business

    UX Specialty: u “Why” and “How”

    u Investigate how people interact with and use technology

    DID YOU KNOW? BABOK v3 acknowledges User Centered Designers and Usability Analysts in Chapter 2.4.3 – Implementation Subject Matter Experts

  • BA & UX Designer

    BA UX Designer

    Main Focus • Business problem assessment

    • Requirements discovery and documentation

    • User research • Competitive analysis • Web analytics • Information architecture • UI design • Usability testing

    Main Deliverables

    • Requirements document

    • Use cases • Data dictionary

    • User profiles • Wireframes • Prototypes / Designs • Usability test results

    source

  • Why should we do UX Design?

  • So we don’t do this

  • Why do we care about users?

    u If users don’t like our stuff, they don’t use it

    u If the things we make don’t match user’s mental models, users will take longer (lose productivity)

    u User involvement can help us figure out how and if people will use what we are building

    u Project team morale – we like building things that people like!

  • Why do User Centered Design?

    u Speed

    u UX investments made in the concept phase reduce product development cycles by 33‐50%. (Bosert, 1991)

    u Cost

    u Fixing a problem during design costs 1/10th as much as fixing it in development and 1/100th as much as fixing it in production. (Nielsen, 1993)

    u Efficiency

    u Testing with just 5 users can find 85% of your site's usability problems. (Nielsen, 2000)

    u Adoption

    u 88% of online consumers are less likely to return to a site after a bad experience (Gomez, 2010)

  • Customer experience leaders outperform the market

    8-Year Stock Performance of Customer Experience Leaders vs. Laggards vs. S&P 500 (2007-2014)

  • What does the user need?

    What the user says they need: To get off the ground.

  • Driving scope with User-centered Design

    u Find the things that are most important to users

    u Balance with business capabilities

  • Why is bad usability a big deal?

  • Mismatched mental models

  • What UX tools drive business value?

  • Tools to drive user value

    u User Research

    u Personas

    u Mockups/Sketches/Wireframes

    u Prototypes

    u Usability tests

    These are also covered by the BABOK v3, chapter 10 Techniques Prototyping is 10.36 Personas are detailed in 10.43

  • Tools to drive user value

    u User Research

    u Personas

    u Mockups/Sketches/Wireframes

    u Prototypes

    u Usability tests

  • Guy Wallis , Astros Chatziastros , Heinrich Bülthoff

    An Unexpected Role for Visual Feedback in Vehicle Steering Control

    Current Biology, Volume 12, Issue 4, 2002, 295 - 299

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0960-9822(02)00685-1

    Driving Test

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0960-9822(02)00685-1

  • Different questions get different answers

  • How to ask more user centered questions

    u Reject the Stakeholder Fallacy

    u Start with “what is this project trying to achieve?”

    u Understand user context

    u Understand user tasks and motivations

    u Next, “how do user tasks match with business goals?”

    u You are never done

  • Tools to drive user value

    u User Research

    u Personas

    u Mockups/Sketches/Wireframes

    u Prototypes

    u Usability tests

  • Personas

  • Tools to drive user value

    u User Research

    u Personas

    u Mockups/Sketches/Wireframes

    u Prototypes

    u Usability tests

  • Evolution of Mockups

  • Tools to drive user value

    u User Research

    u Personas

    u Mockups/Sketches/Wireframes

    u Prototypes

    u Usability tests

  • Prototypes

    https://www.nngroup.com/reports/paper-prototyping-training-video/ http://yago.github.io/Bootsketch/

    https://www.nngroup.com/reports/paper-prototyping-training-video/ http://yago.github.io/Bootsketch/

  • Tools to drive user value

    u User Research

    u Personas

    u Mockups/Sketches/Wireframes

    u Prototypes

    u Usability tests

  • Usability Testing

    u Understand what the users value through moderated usability testing

    u Experience the painful parts of your designs through users’ eyes

    u What worked?

    u What didn’t work?

    u How can we improve?

  • Usability Test Quotes

    u Dental provider study - “Patients get angry – ‘You told me it would be this much!’ The closer you get [to the actual cost], the happier they are.”

    u Dental provider study - “On the website, you can [show] your patient 'Here's what I looked up for you and this is what your insurance company told me. It's like a backup.”

    u “Now I’m getting pissy! If you want me to find [that], put it in a place that makes it easy to find damnit!”

  • What are the obstacles?

  • Fears and Facts

    Fear u Users will be scared off

    u High-quality research can be expensive

    u Research takes too much time

    u This project is confidential

    u Users aren’t experts

    Facts u User engagement fosters loyalty

    u A poor user experience is expensive

    u Research reduces rework

    u Confidentiality agreements, or show a prototype with less detail

    u Users get you past “website blindness”

  • What now?

    u Push for including users through the development process

    u Continue to seek out new ways to deliver business value

  • Questions?

  • To learn more

    u http://www.usability.gov/

    u https://www.nngroup.com/articles/

    u Rocket Surgery Made Easy by Steve Krug

    u Don't Make Me Think by Steve Krug

    u BA and UX Specialty a Winning Combination

    http://www.usability.gov/ https://www.nngroup.com/articles/

  • Contact Information

    Andrew Walling u andrew.walling@gmail.com

    u www.linkedin.com/in/andrewwalling

    At IBADD, feel free to talk to Andrew about smoking meat, DIY projects, how data driven initiatives are the future, and why understanding WHY the business needs something is paramount to delivering the HOW/WHAT.

    Caleb Carroll u caleb.m.carroll@gmail.com

    u www.linkedin.com/in/calebcarroll

    At IBADD, feel free to talk to Caleb about user experience, brewing beer, having a beard, nitpicking design choices, or binging entire seasons of TV on Netflix.

    mailto:andrew.walling@gmail.com http://www.linkedin.com/in/andrewwalling mailto:caleb.m.carroll@gmail.com http://www.linkedin.com/in/calebcarroll

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