Urban Lessons from Natural Disasters

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BAM Earthquake, Iran 2003. Urban Lessons from Natural Disasters. IFRC Role (both rural and urban):. Key Driver Humanitarian Mandate, saving lives, reducing post-disaster risk, restoring basic human needs & human dignity. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Urban Lessons from Natural Disasters

BAM Earthquake, Iran 2003FederationHealth WatSan/EHwww.ifrc.orgSaving lives, changing minds.FederationHealth WatSan/EH1IFRC Role (both rural and urban):Key Driver Humanitarian Mandate, saving lives, reducing post-disaster risk, restoring basic human needs & human dignity.

Key Process Supporting/expanding first responder role (RC/RC National Society) enabling International RC/RC Response.

Recovery/Development enabling recovery and where appropriate & practical building back better, capacity building of RC/RC National Society.

IFRC Response usually multi-sectoral not restricted to WASH.

www.ifrc.orgSaving lives, changing minds.FederationHealth WatSan/EHThe operational urban context:

In developed countries RC/RC capacity & established role in response often works well closely aligned with and auxiliary to Government efforts (e.g. Japan Earthquake/Tsunami)In many less developed countries/fragile states National RC/RC limited capacity, especially for Urban disaster response.Often exacerbated by weak or disrupted Government/service provider capacity.Level 3 Urban Disasters RC/RC continues to have a key role, however, struggles to adapt established tools/methodologies to urban context (though some limited improvement since BAM).Though IFRC can leverage significant funding, scale of response, and long term engagement - struggles to use resources coherently & to best advantage of affected population.www.ifrc.orgSaving lives, changing minds.FederationHealth WatSan/EHCoordination:

Emergency response coordination platforms/clusters crucial but still driven by short-term goals.Level 3 disaster coordination (urban & rural) challenging when there are many actors, many of whom may be short term humanitarian actors.WASH coordination/response HR skill-sets still predominately humanitarian as opposed to recovery/developmental.Pooling of resources and approaches (partnerships and consortia) not fully understood/challenging and potential added value is often missed.Coordination must be expanded to provide more strategic direction to all stakeholders both short and long-term.

www.ifrc.orgSaving lives, changing minds.FederationHealth WatSan/EHlessons learned:

Humanitarian WASH actors must open the door to recovery/development actors ASAP post-disaster.Established rural population engagement/participatory methodologies often not appropriate in urban contexts.Humanitarian WASH actors not usually the best choice as delivery agents for major urban infrastructure programming but may indeed have a role.Recovery/developmental programming benefits when coordination platforms/clusters evolve into a more developmental focused body (dont close down clusters let them evolve & grow!!!!)www.ifrc.orgSaving lives, changing minds.FederationHealth WatSan/EHkey issues to be addressed by WASH actors:Organisational commitment towards harmonised approach to Shelter and WASH and with other sectors (e.g. security, livelihoods, gender, environment)Need for larger pool of expertise for Urban disasters (HR roster, private sector, academic and research bodies, recognised urban contractors)WASH Donors/stakeholders need to see potential to leverage funding to recovery/developmental programming as an outcome of disaster response more flexible and innovative use of funding streams.Tools/methodologies/equipment for urban disasters need to be further developed, streamlined and rolled-out.

Broad collaboration and inter-agency commitment to a common goal and strategy on Humanitarian Urban WASH response & transition to recovery & development.

www.ifrc.orgSaving lives, changing minds.FederationHealth WatSan/EHThank You

Vinay SadavarteRegional Water and Sanitation DelegateInternational Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies Regional Representation office for East Africa|Woodlands Road | PO BOX 41275 - 00100 | Nairobi | KenyaTel: +254 20 2835 000 | Dir: +254 20 283 5258 | Mob: +254 736309755 | Fax: +254 20 271 2777 Email: vinay.sadavarte@ifrc.orgSkype : vsadavarte

www.ifrc.orgSaving lives, changing minds.FederationHealth WatSan/EH