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Urban Freight. Getting kicked to the curb?. How will we live?. Does understanding freight transportation matter?. Will imports/exports go up or down in 10 years? Where will people live in twenty years? Where there be more truck traffic? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Urban Freight

Urban FreightGetting kicked to the curb?How will we live?

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Does understanding freight transportation matter?Will imports/exports go up or down in 10 years?Where will people live in twenty years?Where there be more truck traffic? What if the State attracts more logistics, manufacturing, energy jobs?Truck parking, operation issues? What is my neighbor doing?It DoesDaily 48.3 million tons $46 billion

Annually 57 tons per person

Annually 9% of economy spent on logistics,

Source: Wilbur Smith Associates, 2010

Local Deliveries and WarehousingEcommerceBlack MondayOmnichannelIntegration store and ecommerce supply chainsLocal deliveriesAmazon, Wal-Mart, Ebay

Buyer Expectations Within A Lifetime

Wow!! What a bargain, and I will get it tomorrow!

Wow!! The Little Orphan Annie Decoder Ring Finally Arrived!!8Planning for Freight, State AgencyAll ModesAll cargosDiscretionary routingWho benefits from freight transportation improvements?Carriers Ports and terminalsGovernments and other local industries Shippers Economic Development Agencies

Who does not benefit?Societal costsNeighbors

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Urban Freight Faces Unique Challenges - Definition

11In reviewing the broader themes, it is apparent that freight has unique characteristics when compared to passenger traffic. But the improvement of freight productivity warrants examining the linkages between both the main system miles and freight facilities.

Connectors are one of those key components which can make a difference. FHWA was directed by Congress to examine the condition of the connectors to the National Highway System. The connector study was published in December 2000, and is available on the FHWA website.

This shows one of our intermodal connectors in Chicago; Chicago has more than any other city and many are inadequate; with poor geometrics and pavement conditions, conflicts with residential communities, etc. In the picture above, the poor road condition, and ability to expand roadway surface, and the limited turning radius, all capture the problems facing freight- a general lack of adequately examining freight operations.

The findings were: Poor physical condition-generally the state of the road itself, Poor Geometrics- limited turning radii, signally, etc., Orphan Status- these small sections are sometimes owned by different political jurisdictions, nor are considered a primary area of overall regional planningInadequate coordination of investment strategies: so coordination on improving this small sections are difficult when balanced against other projects, and finding the funding sources to make improvements is difficult.

Urban Freight Faces Unique Challenges - OwnershipNHS ConnectorsPoor physical conditionPoor geometricsOrphan statusInadequate coordination of investment strategiesFunctional ClassSignage

12In reviewing the broader themes, it is apparent that freight has unique characteristics when compared to passenger traffic. But the improvement of freight productivity warrants examining the linkages between both the main system miles and freight facilities.

Connectors are one of those key components which can make a difference. FHWA was directed by Congress to examine the condition of the connectors to the National Highway System. The connector study was published in December 2000, and is available on the FHWA website.

This shows one of our intermodal connectors in Chicago; Chicago has more than any other city and many are inadequate; with poor geometrics and pavement conditions, conflicts with residential communities, etc. In the picture above, the poor road condition, and ability to expand roadway surface, and the limited turning radius, all capture the problems facing freight- a general lack of adequately examining freight operations.

The findings were: Poor physical condition-generally the state of the road itself, Poor Geometrics- limited turning radii, signally, etc., Orphan Status- these small sections are sometimes owned by different political jurisdictions, nor are considered a primary area of overall regional planningInadequate coordination of investment strategies: so coordination on improving this small sections are difficult when balanced against other projects, and finding the funding sources to make improvements is difficult.

Urban Freight Faces Unique Challenges Land Use GentrificationRent seeking behaviorsCity expansion (taxes)Beggar thy neighborFreight generators

Urban Freight Faces Unique Challenges - OperationsParkingNight DeliveryIntermodal TerminalsShipper expectationsDimensionsRoutingAutomationFleetingCongestion costs

14In reviewing the broader themes, it is apparent that freight has unique characteristics when compared to passenger traffic. But the improvement of freight productivity warrants examining the linkages between both the main system miles and freight facilities.

Connectors are one of those key components which can make a difference. FHWA was directed by Congress to examine the condition of the connectors to the National Highway System. The connector study was published in December 2000, and is available on the FHWA website.

This shows one of our intermodal connectors in Chicago; Chicago has more than any other city and many are inadequate; with poor geometrics and pavement conditions, conflicts with residential communities, etc. In the picture above, the poor road condition, and ability to expand roadway surface, and the limited turning radius, all capture the problems facing freight- a general lack of adequately examining freight operations.

The findings were: Poor physical condition-generally the state of the road itself, Poor Geometrics- limited turning radii, signally, etc., Orphan Status- these small sections are sometimes owned by different political jurisdictions, nor are considered a primary area of overall regional planningInadequate coordination of investment strategies: so coordination on improving this small sections are difficult when balanced against other projects, and finding the funding sources to make improvements is difficult.

How Do We Respond?We All Want Transportation Options that areEfficientCost effectiveEnvironmentally SoundReliableSafeGood Neighbors

But how do we prioritize the investment (new projects, etc.) or operational (improving what we got) decisions?

Strategies Recommended By LATTSUtilization of Existing InfrastructureAdd Physical InfrastructureIncrease Operating Throughput Corridor Approach for InvestingDevelop Agile Freight Operations Improve Clearance at GatewaysAttention to Connectors

Encourage TechnologyIntegration of InformationITS Applications Increase Public AwarenessImprove Institutional RelationshipsImprove Freight Profile Partnerships

Getting the Goods without the Bads: Freight Transportation Demand Management Strategies to Reduce Urban Impacts

CFIRE 07- 02September 2013

Where is the national priority?

The Transportation Planning Process

MAP-21 Freight Planning ProvisionsNational Freight PolicyEstablishment of a National Freight NetworkCritical Rural Freight CorridorsNational Freight Strategic PlanCost Sharing FormulasFreight Transportation Conditions and PerformanceFreight State PlansFreight Advisory GroupsMoving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century (MAP-21), aka Senate Bill 1813 section 1115The 27,000 center line miles compares with the 47,000 centerline miles of interstateUS DOT prepare and update a national freight transportation plan.21

Figure 5.1 Interchange Capacity Bottlenecks on Freeways Used as Urban Truck Corridors (FHWA)

Interstate Routes Average Speed4-6 PM Weekdays 2012

Interstate and Major Routes Average Speed4-6 PM Weekdays2012

All Other Routes Average Speed4-6 PM Weekdays2012What Does PRIIA focus onAuthorizes AmtrakFunding for State of Good RepairFunding for debt serviceThree main areas: intercity passenger railState sponsored corridorsHigh Speed RailState Rail Plan

Challenges to improving urban freightHard Assets - PhysicalCost increasesROW issuesExisting Capital Stock Increased maintenance needs Realigning roadwaysSoft Assets - OperationsPrivate, quasi public sector leadershipIntegrate with other programsInformation SharingTell me whyFunding needs for capacity and operationsRole of public and private sector actions not clearly identifiedExpectations for promised projects remain

The discussion is importantConnecting with global marketsRegional transportation needs Economic Development (land use/access)Corridors Federal, State, regional3Is Infrastructure, Information, InstitutionsMarket Based Solutions can work

But who is talking and who is listening?

291925 A View of the Future in 1950s

Bruce LambertExecutive DirectorInstitute for Trade and Transportation Studies540-455-9882bruce@ittsresearch.orgVisit ittsresearch.org for:NewsletterState StatisticsReports and Presentations

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