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  • Slide 1
  • Urban Folk Music in the 1960s
  • Slide 2
  • Folk music is usually defined as Folk music is usually defined as the music of the common people and expressing the feelings of the people of a particular region. The lyrics hold more significance than the music, although the melodies of some folk songs are very beautiful. The lyrics hold more significance than the music, although the melodies of some folk songs are very beautiful.
  • Slide 3
  • Urban Folk Music in the 1960s During the late 1950s and early 1960s, interest in folk music grew. During the late 1950s and early 1960s, interest in folk music grew. Elvis and early rock n roll fans were maturing; rock was juvenile. Elvis and early rock n roll fans were maturing; rock was juvenile. Folk music offered a more serious look at society and culture. Folk music offered a more serious look at society and culture. Folk music encouraged group singinga new way to participate. Folk music encouraged group singinga new way to participate. Protest folk songs offered lyrics relevant to the newly discovered social and political ideals of maturing rock n roll audiences. Protest folk songs offered lyrics relevant to the newly discovered social and political ideals of maturing rock n roll audiences.
  • Slide 4
  • Bob Dylan (b. 1941) First poet of the mass media First poet of the mass media Born Robert Zimmerman in Duluth, Minnesota Born Robert Zimmerman in Duluth, Minnesota Took his stage name from his favorite poet, Dylan Thomas Took his stage name from his favorite poet, Dylan Thomas Traveled to New York in 1960; settled into the coffeehouse folk music scene in Greenwich Village Traveled to New York in 1960; settled into the coffeehouse folk music scene in Greenwich Village
  • Slide 5
  • Bob Dylan (b. 1941) Dylan stood out from his contemporaries in folk music. Dylan stood out from his contemporaries in folk music. The quality of his original songs was remarkable. Imagery and metaphor Frequently searing intensity of feeling Quirky sense of irony Dylans style of performance Dylans style of performance Rough-hewn, occasionally aggressive vocal, guitar, and harmonica style Demonstrated strong affinities for rural models in blues and earlier country music
  • Slide 6
  • Listening: Blowin in the Wind Performed by Bob Dylan Performed by Bob Dylan Dylans vocal style was nasal, cutting, and harsh Dylans vocal style was nasal, cutting, and harsh The melody provides a simple, functional, and immediately memorable setting for the words The melody provides a simple, functional, and immediately memorable setting for the words Strophic form Strophic form His syncopation of the lyrics adds rhythmic weight to the most pointed words in the song. His syncopation of the lyrics adds rhythmic weight to the most pointed words in the song.
  • Slide 7
  • Listening: Blowin in the Wind Performed by Peter, Paul, and Mary Performed by Peter, Paul, and Mary The folk trio performance has a sense of touching serenity and simplicity. The folk trio performance has a sense of touching serenity and simplicity. The various questions posed by the lyrics are sung by different numbers and combinations of voices, at various levels of intensity, while the answer is always provided by Marys gentle solo sound. The various questions posed by the lyrics are sung by different numbers and combinations of voices, at various levels of intensity, while the answer is always provided by Marys gentle solo sound. Their performance lacks the syncopation and rhythmic angularity of Dylans recording. Their performance lacks the syncopation and rhythmic angularity of Dylans recording.
  • Slide 8
  • Bob Dylan (b. 1941) 1965 was the pivotal year in Bob Dylans career. 1965 was the pivotal year in Bob Dylans career. Dylans song Mr. Tambourine Man was covered by the fledgling California rock group the Byrds. Dylans song Mr. Tambourine Man was covered by the fledgling California rock group the Byrds. The Byrds truncated version of Mr. Tambourine Man soared to Number One in June 1965, becoming the first folk-rock hit. The Byrds truncated version of Mr. Tambourine Man soared to Number One in June 1965, becoming the first folk-rock hit. Dylan entered the recording studio with a rock band to cut his own breakthrough single, Like a Rolling Stone. Dylan entered the recording studio with a rock band to cut his own breakthrough single, Like a Rolling Stone. Reached Number Two on the charts In July 1965, Dylan appeared at the famous Newport Folk Festival with an electric band and was booed off the stage by folk purists. In July 1965, Dylan appeared at the famous Newport Folk Festival with an electric band and was booed off the stage by folk purists.
  • Slide 9
  • Listening: Like a Rolling Stone Composed and performed by Bob Dylan (1965) Composed and performed by Bob Dylan (1965) Unique timbre and sound for the time Unique timbre and sound for the time Two keyboard instruments, the piano and organ, dominate the texture, rather than guitars, bass, and drums. Dylans vocal cuts aggressively through this thick instrumental texture like a knife. It effectively put an end to previous restrictions on length, subject matter, and poetic diction that had been the controlling influence on pop records. It effectively put an end to previous restrictions on length, subject matter, and poetic diction that had been the controlling influence on pop records. After the huge acceptance of this song, nothing was the same again. After the huge acceptance of this song, nothing was the same again.
  • Slide 10
  • Listening: Like a Rolling Stone Form Form Strophic verse-chorus pattern Strophes are extremely long, giving the song a sense of great intensity and expansion. The verse portions of the song are forty bars long. The chorus varies in length (twenty bars in the first chorus and twenty-four in successive choruses). At six minutes, the song was by far the longest 45 r.p.m. pop single ever released up to that time.
  • Slide 11
  • Simon and Garfunkel When folk rock hit the scene midyear and Bob Dylan went electric, Simon and Garfunkels producer, Tom Wilson, turned to one of Simons original compositions, The Sound of Silence. When folk rock hit the scene midyear and Bob Dylan went electric, Simon and Garfunkels producer, Tom Wilson, turned to one of Simons original compositions, The Sound of Silence. Overdubbed a rock band accompaniment of electric guitars, bass, and drums onto the original recording Increased the tempo very slightly Changed the title to The Sounds of Silence Released it as a single Did this all without Simon or Garfunkels prior knowledge or permission It became a Number One pop hit in 1966. It became a Number One pop hit in 1966.
  • Slide 12
  • The Counterculture and Psychedelic Rock The explosive entrance of folk rock into American popular culture coincided with the development of innovative approaches to rock n roll. The explosive entrance of folk rock into American popular culture coincided with the development of innovative approaches to rock n roll. The maturation into early adulthood of the baby boomer audience The maturation of many of those actually making the music This was also a period of increasing political restlessness and ferment in the United States. This was also a period of increasing political restlessness and ferment in the United States.
  • Slide 13
  • Changing the World: The Beatles Sgt. Peppers Lonely Hearts Club Band Sgt. Peppers Lonely Hearts Club Band Sold eight million copies and remained on Billboards album charts for more than three years. Redirected attention from the single-song recording to the record album None of the songs on the album were released as singles. It was the first album to present itself to the public as a complete and unified marketing package, with a distinctive and interrelated collection of parts.
  • Slide 14
  • San Francisco Rock Jefferson Airplane, Janis Joplin, and the Grateful Dead Jefferson Airplane, Janis Joplin, and the Grateful Dead During the late 1960s, an alternative rock music scene established itself in San Francisco. During the late 1960s, an alternative rock music scene established itself in San Francisco. Psychedelic rock encompassed a variety of styles and musical influences, including folk rock, blues, hard rock, Latin music, and Indian classical music. San Franciscos psychedelic music scene was focused on the Haight-Ashbury neighborhood, the center of the hippie movement. San Franciscos psychedelic music scene was focused on the Haight-Ashbury neighborhood, the center of the hippie movement.
  • Slide 15
  • Jefferson Airplane Jefferson Airplane was the first nationally successful band to emerge out of the San Francisco psychedelic scene. Jefferson Airplane was the first nationally successful band to emerge out of the San Francisco psychedelic scene. Founded in 1965, the Airplane was originally a semiacoustic folk-rock band, performing blues and songs by Bob Dylan. Founded in 1965, the Airplane was originally a semiacoustic folk-rock band, performing blues and songs by Bob Dylan. Jefferson Airplane was one of the original San Francisco acid rock bands. Jefferson Airplane was one of the original San Francisco acid rock bands.
  • Slide 16
  • Jefferson Airplane The biggest celebrity in the group was vocalist Grace Slick (b. 1939), whoalong with Janis Joplinwas one of the most important female musicians on the San Francisco scene. The biggest celebrity in the group was vocalist Grace Slick (b. 1939), whoalong with Janis Jop