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  • Slide 1
  • Slide 2
  • Unit 1, Part 3 Click the mouse button or press the space bar to continue UNIT 1, Part 3 Life Transitions
  • Slide 3
  • Unit 1, Part 3 MAIN MENU Life Transitions (pages 194250) Click a selection title to go to the corresponding selection menu.
  • Slide 4
  • Unit 1, Part 3 Winter Night SELECTION MENU Before You Read Reading the Selection After You Read Selection Menu (pages 251263)
  • Slide 5
  • Unit 1, Part 3 Winter Night BEFORE YOU READ Meet Kay Boyle Click the picture to learn about the author.
  • Slide 6
  • Unit 1, Part 3 Winter Night BEFORE YOU READ Connecting to the Story In Winter Night, a chance meeting occurs between a child who misses her mother and a woman who misses a child. Before you read the selection, think about the following questions: Have you ever felt a connection with someone you were meeting for the first time? What could you do to help someone who is grieving the loss of a loved one?
  • Slide 7
  • Unit 1, Part 3 Winter Night BEFORE YOU READ This story takes place in New York City, probably around the mid-1940s, near the end of World War II (19391945). At that time, the horrors of Nazi concentration camps began to come to light. In these camps, Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler carried out his plan to purify Europe by killing millions of Jews, Gypsies, and members of other ethnic groups. Building Background
  • Slide 8
  • Unit 1, Part 3 Winter Night BEFORE YOU READ On the U.S. home front during the war, women played a key role in the war effort by working in defense plants and in other businesses, replacing the millions of men who had gone off to war. Some women worked in professional capacities that had traditionally been reserved for men. Building Background
  • Slide 9
  • Unit 1, Part 3 Winter Night BEFORE YOU READ As you read this story, think about how the child and the woman who comes to care for her experience and cope with change. Setting Purposes for Reading Life Transitions
  • Slide 10
  • Unit 1, Part 3 Winter Night Setting a Purpose for Reading BEFORE YOU READ The tone of a story is the attitude the writer takes toward his or her subject matter. A writers tone may convey a variety of attitudes, including sympathy, objectivity, seriousness, irony, sadness, bitterness, or humor. As you read Winter Night, notice the tone of the story. Tone
  • Slide 11
  • Unit 1, Part 3 Winter Night BEFORE YOU READ Activating Prior Knowledge Activating prior knowledge is considering what you already know about the world and using that knowledge to deepen your understanding of the literary work you are reading.
  • Slide 12
  • Unit 1, Part 3 Winter Night BEFORE YOU READ Reading Tip: Recording What You Know Use a chart to record details from the story about which you have prior knowledge. Activating Prior Knowledge
  • Slide 13
  • Unit 1, Part 3 Winter Night BEFORE YOU READ abeyanceabeyance n. a state of temporary inactivity (p. 253) All our work was held in abeyance until Martin told us to continue working. reprievereprieve v. to give temporary relief, as from something unpleasant or difficult (p. 253) Lily was reprieved from watching the toddler for five minutes, and then she resumed her job. Click a vocabulary term to listen to the definition.
  • Slide 14
  • Unit 1, Part 3 Winter Night BEFORE YOU READ obscurityobscurity n. darkness; dimness (p. 254) It was hard to see anyone in the obscurity of the dimly lit park at night. derisionderision n. mockery; ridicule (p. 254) Lees derision included nasty comments about Angelas work habits. Click a vocabulary term to listen to the definition. singularsingular adj. unusual or remarkable (p. 256) Clarence had a singular ability to say the right thing at the right time.
  • Slide 15
  • Unit 1, Part 3 Winter Night
  • Slide 16
  • Unit 1, Part 3 Winter Night Life Transitions Keep the following questions in mind as you read. What life transitions do you think Felicia has endured? READING THE SELECTION Answer: Felicias father is at war and her mother is absent because of her work and social life.
  • Slide 17
  • Unit 1, Part 3 Winter Night Tone Read the text highlighted in purple on page 253. What tone is conveyed by the description of the late winter afternoon, both inside and outside the apartment? Literary Element READING THE SELECTION Answer: The tone is apprehensive, bleak, and cold.
  • Slide 18
  • Unit 1, Part 3 Winter Night Activating Prior Knowledge Read the text highlighted in blue on page 253. Why is the child feeling apprehensive? What is she reluctant to ask? Reading Strategy READING THE SELECTION Answer: Young children often feel anxious when it is dark and their parents are not home. She is reluctant to ask, When will my mother be coming home?
  • Slide 19
  • Unit 1, Part 3 Winter Night Life Transitions Read text highlighted in tan on page 254. What does this detail tell you about Felicias life? READING THE SELECTION Answer: Felicias life is full of uncertainty, and she spends a great deal of time in the care of indifferent adults.
  • Slide 20
  • Unit 1, Part 3 Winter Night Life Transitions Read the text highlighted in tan on page 254. Who is the person in the kitchen, and why is she referred to only as a voice? READING THE SELECTION Answer: The housekeepers anonymity is emphasized by calling her a voice.
  • Slide 21
  • Unit 1, Part 3 Winter Night Activating Prior Knowledge Read the text highlighted in blue on page 254. Where are the fathers? How do you know? Reading Strategy READING THE SELECTION Answer: The fathers are away at war. The background information and other details set the story late in World War II.
  • Slide 22
  • Unit 1, Part 3 Winter Night Tone Read the text highlighted in purple on page 255. What is the authors attitude toward the housekeeper? Literary Element READING THE SELECTION Answer: It is mainly an attitude of scorn. The housekeeper is concerned with making money and buying he own freedom. She recognizes the mothers faults and seems to care little for the childs feelings. Encourage students to support their interpretations with specific details.
  • Slide 23
  • Unit 1, Part 3 Winter Night Look at the painting on page 255. How would you describe this womans attitude? What similarities or differences do you find with the attitude of the babysitter in the story? Viewing the Art READING THE SELECTION Answer: The woman is solitary and serious. Like the babysitter in the story, she is in a reflective mood. Unlike the babysitter, she seems lost in her own memories and unconcerned about anyone else
  • Slide 24
  • Unit 1, Part 3 Winter Night Tone Read the text highlighted in purple on page 256. Why do you think the author chose to describe the babysitter in such great detail? Literary Element READING THE SELECTION Answer: Such a description clues the reader that this person is going to be important to the story. She will not be one of the variable babysitters.
  • Slide 25
  • Unit 1, Part 3 Winter Night Life Transitions Read the text highlighted in tan on page 256. How do you think this evening will be different for Felicia? READING THE SELECTION Answer: Answers will vary. The woman might explain why she is sad and how a child figures into her story.
  • Slide 26
  • Unit 1, Part 3 Winter Night Activating Prior Knowledge Read the text highlighted in blue on page 257. From what you know about World War II, what do you think happened to the child? Reading Strategy READING THE SELECTION Answer: The child may have died in a concentration camp.
  • Slide 27
  • Unit 1, Part 3 Winter Night Activating Prior Knowledge Read the text highlighted in blue on page 257. What parallels are drawn between Felicia and the little girl? Reading Strategy READING THE SELECTION Answer: Their hair, face, clothes, and ballet dancing are compared.
  • Slide 28
  • Unit 1, Part 3 Winter Night Tone Read the text highlighted in purple on page 258. Why do you think the womans tone changes so abruptly? Literary Element READING THE SELECTION Answer: The milk reminds her of how deprived and hungry the child was. This memory makes her angry.
  • Slide 29
  • Unit 1, Part 3 Winter Night Tone Read the text highlighted in purple on page 258. How does Boyle show that the babysitter still struggles with grief? Literary Element READING THE SELECTION Answer: She shows her withdrawing from Felicia, then returning to the present.
  • Slide 30
  • Unit 1, Part 3 Winter Night Activating Prior Knowledge Read the text highlighted in blue on page 258. Where were the mothers and children? Why were they there? Reading Strategy READING THE SELECTION Answer: The women and children were in a Nazi concentration camp and probably Jewish. They were most frequently put into death camps.
  • Slide 31
  • Unit 1, Part 3 Winter Night Activating Prior Knowledge Read the text highlighted in blue on page 258. How do you think the woman feels describing this experience? Reading Strategy READING THE SELECTION Answer: She wants to forget this period in her life, but she cannot.
  • Slide 32
  • Unit 1, Part 3 Winter Night Activating Prior Knowledge Read the text highlighted in blue on page 259. What do yo