unit 1 – greece and rome chapter 5 – greece chapter 6 – rome

Download UNIT 1 – GREECE AND ROME Chapter 5 – Greece Chapter 6 – Rome

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THE ROMAN REPUBLICUNIT 1 GREECE AND ROMEChapter 5 GreeceChapter 6 RomeAncient Rome,500 B.C. A.D. 500SECTION 1SECTION 2SECTION 4The Roman Republic The Roman Empire The Fall of the Roman Empire SECTION 5Rome and the Roots of Western Civilization CHAPTER 6These are my notes for slide 2OBJECTIVESCORE OBJECTIVE: Analyze the impact of Ancient Rome and how it continues to impact our lives today.

Objective 1.5: Explain the main institutions of the Roman Republic.

THEME: The Roman culture will have a significant impact and influence on many other world cultures.

CHAPTER 6 SECTION 1THE ROMAN REPUBLIC

The early Romans establish a republic, which grows powerful and spreads its influence.Roman location & geographyRome was the capital of the ancient Roman Empire and present day ItalySite of Rome chosen for its fertile soil and strategic locationLocated on Italian peninsula in center of Mediterranean Sea

Built on seven hills on Tiber River Rome was only a small town on the Tiber River when Athens was at the height of its glory.

The myth is that twins sons Romulus and Remus of the god Mars founded the city around 753 B.C.The gods, arts, and architecture resembles the Greeks

THE ORIGINS OF ROMELatins, Greeks, and Etruscans compete for control of region

Latins found original settlement of Rome between 1000 and 500 B.C.

Etruscans native to northern Italy; influence Roman civilization

THE EARLY REPUBLICEarly RulersAround 600 B.C., Etruscan kings begin to rule Rome Romans overthrow cruel Etruscan king Tarquin in 509 B.C.Romans found a republic government in which citizens elect leaders

WRITE THIS DOWN!CITIZENS OF ROMEDifferent groups struggle for power in early Roman RepublicPatricians wealthy landowning class that holds most of the powerWere elected to the Senate

Plebeians common citizens, can vote, cant ruleartisans, merchants, and farmers

Tribunes elected representatives protect plebeians political rights

WRITE THIS DOWN!ROMAN LAWIn 451 B.C. officials carve Roman laws on twelve tablets

Twelve Tables - become basis for Roman lawTables give protection of law to all free citizensCitizenship is limited to adult male landowners

Twelve Tables are hung in the Forum

WRITE THIS DOWN!EVOLUTION OF THE ROMAN FORUMhttp://www.history.com/topics/ancient-history/ancient-rome/videos/evolution-of-the-roman-forum

MILITARYThe Roman ArmyRoman legion military unit of 5,000 infantry; supported by cavalryArmy is powerful; key factor in Romes rise to greatness All citizens who owned were required to serve in the army

Rome Conquers ItalyRomans defeat Etruscans in north and Greek city-states in southBy 265 B.C., Rome controls Italian peninsula Conquered peoples treated justly; this enables Rome to grow

Romes Commercial NetworkRome establishes large trading networkAccess to Mediterranean Sea provides many trade routesCarthage, powerful city-state in North Africa, soon rivals Rome

WRITE THIS DOWN!Carthage and the Punic Wars

Punic warsRome and Carthage begin Punic Wars three wars between 264146 B.C. Rome defeats Carthage, wins Sicily, in first 23-year warHannibal Carthaginian general avenges defeat in Second Punic WarAttacks Italy through Spain and France, doesnt take Rome

Roman general Scipio defeats Hannibal in 202 B.C.Hannibal later poisoned himself rather than become a prisoner of the Romans.

Rome destroys Carthage, enslaves people in last war

WRITE THIS DOWN!Punic wars map

THE ROMAN REPUBLIC AssessmentWhich of the following is NOT true about the Roman code of laws known as the Twelve Tables?It gave legal protection to all citizensIt officially removed senators from powerIt was written downIt was publicly displayed

After the Romans drove the last Etruscan monarch from power, they established a republic, a government in whichPower rests with a small minority who are supported by the militaryPower rests with the citizens who participate directly in law-makingPower rests with citizens who select their leadersPower rests with the nobility and the wealthy

THE ROMAN REPUBLIC AssessmentWhich of the following is NOT true about the Roman code of laws known as the Twelve Tables?It gave legal protection to all citizensIt officially removed senators from powerIt was written downIt was publicly displayed

After the Romans drove the last Etruscan monarch from power, they established a republic, a government in whichPower rests with a small minority who are supported by the militaryPower rests with the citizens who participate directly in law-makingPower rests with citizens who select their leadersPower rests with the nobility and the wealthy