Post on 07-May-2015
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DESCRIPTIONInflammatory Bowel Diseases are commonly Crohn's disease and Ulcerative Colitis. Both are also grouped under psychosomatic disorders. Ulcerative colitis is a chronic disease that causes bleeding from the anus and it is very difficult to treat.
- 1.Ulcerative Colitis
2. INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE 1. Refers to two chronic diseases that causeinflammation of the intestine: Ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. 2. Although the diseases have some features incommon, there are some important differences. 3. Epidemiology Ulcerative Colitis: High incidence areas: US, UK, northern Europe Young adults, commoner in females Crohn's Disease: 1st peak 15-30 years of age, 2nd peak around 60 yINCIDENCE IS ON THE RISE IN ASIAN (INDIA) POPULATION 4. Rise of Incidence in IBD in India Familial aggregation Nicotine Consumption Oral Contraceptives Dietary Habits-Refined sugars, Fast food, cereals, bakers yeast etc Physical inactivity Early weaning Hygiene Infectious diseases- TB, Measles 5. Ulcerative Colitis A mucosal disease usually involves rectum and extended proximally to involve all or a part of colon. Small intestine is not involved 6. Ulcerative Colitis40-50%30-40%20%When the whole colon is involved, inflammation extends 1-2 cm in Terminal ileum ( Back wash ileitis) 7. The major symptoms of UC are: - Diarrhea - Rectal bleeding - Tenesmus - Passage of mucus - Crampy abdominal pain - Loss of weight 8. MILD BOWEL MOVEMENTS BLOOD IN STOOLFEVER TACHYCARDIAANEMIA SEDIMENTATION RATEMODERATE SEVERE< 4 per day 4-6 per day small moderate>6 per day 37,5 C >90 mean pulse 30mmnone none mild