UC Santa Cruz Tesla at Crittenden SCIPP UC Santa Cruz UC Santa Cruz Tesla Coil Show sparks Crittenden.

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  • Slide 1
  • UC Santa Cruz Tesla at Crittenden SCIPP UC Santa Cruz UC Santa Cruz Tesla Coil Show sparks Crittenden
  • Slide 2
  • UC Santa Cruz Tesla at Crittenden SCIPP UC Santa Cruz UC Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics n Prof. Terry Schalk Your Guests today n Paddy Fox n Michael Wilson n Aaron Dann n Dr. Gavin Nesom n Christian Flacco n Alan Yang
  • Slide 3
  • UC Santa Cruz Tesla at Crittenden SCIPP UC Santa Cruz Tesla Program n Introduction & Jacob's Ladder n Safety First n Corona: Zorros Sword Lights without Cords n How the Tesla Coil Works n Knight in Armor Bolt to the face Fighting Lightning n Facts about Lightning n Mystery Knight in Armor Sparks from the feet
  • Slide 4
  • UC Santa Cruz Tesla at Crittenden SCIPP UC Santa Cruz Galaxy DNA Cell Atom Nucleus Electron microscope Accelerator The size of the object and its distance tells me what kind of instrument I need to see it. Larger & Farther away Smaller & Harder to see A Physicist View of the Universe Logarithmic Scale: every inch = factor 10
  • Slide 5
  • UC Santa Cruz Tesla at Crittenden SCIPP UC Santa Cruz Teaching, Research, Outreach Particle Physics: Quarks, Gluons AstroPhysics Large objects in the sky Black holes, Supernovae SLAC Visit us, its just up Sand Hill Rd
  • Slide 6
  • UC Santa Cruz Tesla at Crittenden SCIPP UC Santa Cruz Teaching, Research, Outreach SCIPP OUTREACH: Tesla Tesla Coil at your School: Zap your Teacher Quarknet Invite H.S. teachers into our labs for Summer research program Invite H.S. student interns into our labs for a science experience BalloonFest Organize a High School Science meet on Ballooning
  • Slide 7
  • UC Santa Cruz Tesla at Crittenden SCIPP UC Santa Cruz August 13 17 at UC Santa Cruz / SLAC Data Analysis workshop with GLAST Scientists. This program is open for up to 10 teachers, with max 5 teachers attending the balloon flight. Stipend: $300 per week, and travel costs. Applications by e-mail to: Hartmut Sadrozinski, SCIPP, hartmut@scipp.ucsc.edu Quarknet Summer Program: H.S. teachers and student internsdo research
  • Slide 8
  • UC Santa Cruz Tesla at Crittenden SCIPP UC Santa Cruz Quarknet Summer Program 2004: H.S. student interns refurbish SLAC scintillation counters for muon lifetime experiment
  • Slide 9
  • UC Santa Cruz Tesla at Crittenden SCIPP UC Santa Cruz August 13 17 at UC Santa Cruz / SLAC Data Analysis workshop with GLAST Scientists. This program is open for up to 10 teachers, with max 5 teachers attending the balloon flight. Stipend: $300 per week, and travel costs. Applications by e-mail to: Hartmut Sadrozinski, SCIPP, hartmut@scipp.ucsc.edu Teams of high school students will launch kites & balloons, gather and analyze data.
  • Slide 10
  • UC Santa Cruz Tesla at Crittenden SCIPP UC Santa Cruz August 13 17 at UC Santa Cruz / SLAC Data Analysis workshop with GLAST Scientists. This program is open for up to 10 teachers, with max 5 teachers attending the balloon flight. Stipend: $300 per week, and travel costs. Applications by e-mail to: Hartmut Sadrozinski, SCIPP, hartmut@scipp.ucsc.edu Teams of high school students will launch kites & balloons, gather and analyze data.
  • Slide 11
  • UC Santa Cruz Tesla at Crittenden SCIPP UC Santa Cruz n Normally you can't see, hear or smell electricity, but the Tesla Coil generates 1 million volts, causing Bright sparks Bright sparks Loud crackling noise Loud crackling noise The air smell strange (Ozone) The air smell strange (Ozone) SAFETY RULES BRACE YOURSELF! 1 Million Volts! DANGER n Stay at least 20 ft. away n Computers, Gameboys, CD players, telephones to the back of the room unplugged, switched off! n Hearing aids off, pacemakers out of room! SAFETY FIRST!
  • Slide 12
  • UC Santa Cruz Tesla at Crittenden SCIPP UC Santa Cruz ZorroZorro Drawing lightning with a sword
  • Slide 13
  • UC Santa Cruz Tesla at Crittenden SCIPP UC Santa Cruz Sparks fly to sword Electric current goes back through wire Some electric current also goes through the air and lights up fluorescent bulbs Where else does that happen?
  • Slide 14
  • UC Santa Cruz Tesla at Crittenden SCIPP UC Santa Cruz Voltage starts at 120 ends up at 1 million! Transformer 14,000 volt Outlet 120 volt Resonance circuit 1 million volt Summary of Tesla coil operation:
  • Slide 15
  • UC Santa Cruz Tesla at Crittenden SCIPP UC Santa Cruz primary transformer secondary transformer S C T P2S2 UCSC EE 70
  • Slide 16
  • UC Santa Cruz Tesla at Crittenden SCIPP UC Santa Cruz We hear a lot about conserving Power (turn off lamps, air conditioners, close refrigerator doors...) Electrical Power is converted wind, water, thermal power We hear a lot about conserving Power (turn off lamps, air conditioners, close refrigerator doors...) Electrical Power is converted wind, water, thermal power Physics Principle: Transformer Power goes in at 14000 Volts Power comes out At 120 Volts It is brought to your city on high voltage lines to transformers
  • Slide 17
  • UC Santa Cruz Tesla at Crittenden SCIPP UC Santa Cruz Transformation of Power The SLAC linear accelerator creates 90 Billion Volts, as much as 90,000 Tesla coils! We use that power to make new particles for scientific research
  • Slide 18
  • UC Santa Cruz Tesla at Crittenden SCIPP UC Santa Cruz Transformation of Power Electrical power is converted everywhere At home: Iron, Micro wave, Heater, Radio GLAST Mission (SCIPP+SLAC): GLAST Mission (SCIPP+SLAC): investigate the most powerful power plants in the universe investigate the most powerful power plants in the universe GLAST Space hosts incredible Power sources Space hosts incredible Power sources Black holes explode : Black holes explode : Matter -> Light, x-rays, jets Matter -> Light, x-rays, jets
  • Slide 19
  • UC Santa Cruz Tesla at Crittenden SCIPP UC Santa Cruz Meet the Fighting Knight Fighting Lightning Bolt to the Head
  • Slide 20
  • UC Santa Cruz Tesla at Crittenden SCIPP UC Santa Cruz Thomas DC Edison Thomas DC Edison and his Batteries Nikola AC Tesla and his Generators vs. n Tesla Revival n 271 web sites are dedicated to Nikola Tesla n Join the Tesla Coil Web Ring http://nav.webring.yahoo.com/hub?ring=teslaring&list History was not kind to N. Tesla: Engineering Battle Royal of the 20 th Century: Edison won the first rounds, but Tesla carried the day
  • Slide 21
  • UC Santa Cruz Tesla at Crittenden SCIPP UC Santa Cruz n Nikola Tesla as a Daredevil in a double-exposure photograph Learn more at Learn more at http://nav.webring.yahoo.com/hub?ring=teslaring&list
  • Slide 22
  • UC Santa Cruz Tesla at Crittenden SCIPP UC Santa Cruz Lightning Jacobs Ladder Corona Tesla Sparks are all related. Lightning Jacobs Ladder Corona Tesla Sparks are all related. Principle:Air is made of molecules. When they are ionized, they become charged and can conduct a current like an electrical wire. If there is a large current, it heats up the air and makes light. Thus, the sparks, flames etc are direct evidence for the model of atoms! Electricity in Air
  • Slide 23
  • UC Santa Cruz Tesla at Crittenden SCIPP UC Santa Cruz How lightning works + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + ++++++ + + + + + ++ + +++++ + + + ++++ + ++++++ + + +++ + Ground is safe! In the turbulent clouds, charges get separated The ionized air can conduct the electrical current
  • Slide 24
  • UC Santa Cruz Tesla at Crittenden SCIPP UC Santa Cruz The Faraday Cage ++ + + + + +++ ++ + + +++ + + + Are you safe in an airplane or a car during a lightning storm? Is it safe for the knight to be hit by the lightning bolt? Yes! Electric current flows invisibly through the outside of the metal shell (Faraday Cage), not touching the people inside.
  • Slide 25
  • UC Santa Cruz Tesla at Crittenden SCIPP UC Santa Cruz Mystery Knight Who is afraid of Lightning? Not the Mystery Knight! Not the Mystery Knight! Even if he is NOT grounded Even if he is NOT grounded
  • Slide 26
  • UC Santa Cruz Tesla at Crittenden SCIPP UC Santa Cruz Electrical current flows on the OUTSIDE of a metal! Is the Mystery Knight OK?Lets check! The armored suit is safe! n It's a Faraday Cage no electric field allowed inside. Is the Mystery Knight OK?Lets check! The armored suit is safe! n It's a Faraday Cage no electric field allowed inside. Invisible current Visible sparks Ground 1 Million Volts Visible sparks
  • Slide 27
  • UC Santa Cruz Tesla at Crittenden SCIPP UC Santa Cruz Fysiks is Phun! Questions? Ask after the show, e-mail, visit You find our coordinates on the web http://scipp.ucsc.edu
  • Slide 28
  • UC Santa Cruz Tesla at Crittenden SCIPP UC Santa Cruz Say Good bye to Daniel Greenhouse, the brain behind the sparks He was an undergraduate at UC Santa Cruz. at UC Santa Cruz. http://scipp.ucsc.edu Thanks to our hosts: n Ms. Saxton n All Students

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