turkey famous artists
Click here to load reader
Post on 22-Jun-2015
Embed Size (px)
- 1. Leonardo Da Vinci was born in 1452 in the town of Vinci, near Florence,Italy. Leonardo Da Vinci was a great painter.However, he was also a talented sculptor,musician,poet,architect L. Da Vinci died peacefully on May 2. 1519 at the age of 67.At the age of 15,Leonardo went to work with a famous artist.By 20, he was a master painter. Leonardo was so talented that one day one of his teachers threw down his brushes and never painted again. Often, da Vinci painted in religious buildings, like churhces and monasteries. He is widely considered to be one of the greatest painters of all time and perhaps the most diversely talented person ever to have lived. Leonardo was and is renowned primarily as a painter.Leonardo's drawing of the Vitruvian Man is also regarded as a cultural icon,Nevertheless, these few works, together with his notebooks, which contain drawings, scientific diagrams, and his thoughts on the nature of painting, compose a contribution to later generations of artists rivalled only by that of his contemporary, Michelangelo. His well-known works are Mona Lisa, The Last Supper, The Vitruvian Man, Lady with an Ermine.
2. Vasari's account of the Mona Lisa comes from his biography of Leonardo published in 1550, 31 years after the artist's death, and which has long been the best known source of information on the provenance of the work and identity of the sitter. That Leonardo painted such a work, and its date, were confirmed in 2005 when a scholar at Heidelberg University discovered a margin note in a volume of Cicero printed in 1477. It had been written by Leonardo's contemporary Agostino Vespucci and likened Leonardo to Apelles, who is mentioned in the text. The margin note states that Leonardo was at that time working on a painting of Lisa del Giocondo and is dated October 1503. At his death in 1525, Leonardo's assistant Salai owned a portrait named in his personal papers as la Gioconda which had been bequeathed to him by the artist. Italian for "jocund", "happy" or "jovial", La Gioconda ("the jocund one") was a pun on the feminine form of the sitter's married name Giocondo. In French, the title La Joconde has the same meaning. 3. Vincent van Gogh was born in 1853 in Groot-Zundert, Holland. Van Gogh began to draw as a child, and he continued to draw throughout the years that led up to his decision to become an artist. He did not begin painting until his late twenties, completing many of his best-known works during the last two years of his life. The extent to which his mental health affected his painting has been a subject of speculation since his death. Despite a widespread tendency to romanticize his ill health, modern critics see an artist deeply frustrated by the inactivity and incoherence brought about by his bouts of illness. According to art critic Robert Hughes, van Gogh's late works show an artist at the height of his ability, completely in control and "longing for concision and grace. His well-known works are Starry Night, Sunflowers, Bedroom in Arles, Portrait of Dr. Gachet, Sorrow. 4. The center part shows the village of Saint-Rmy under a swirling sky, in a view from the asylum towards north. The Alpilles far to the right fit to this view, but there is little rapport of the actual scene with the intermediary hills which seem to be derived from a different part of the surroundings, south of the asylum. The cypress tree to the left was added into the composition.  Of note is the fact van Gogh had already, during his time in Arles, repositioned Ursa Major from the north to the south in his painting Starry Night Over the Rhone. 5. Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dal i Domnech, 1st Marqus de Dal de Pubol known as Salvador Dali known as Salvador Dali was a prominent Spanish surrealist painter born in Figueres, Spain. Dal was a skilled draftsman, best known for the striking and bizarre images in his surrealist work. His painterly skills are often attributed to the influence of Renaissance masters. His best-known work, The Persistence of Memory, was completed in 1931. Dal's expansive artistic repertoire included film, sculpture, and photography, in collaboration with a range of artists in a variety of media. Dal was highly imaginative, and also enjoyed indulging in unusual and grandiose behavior. His eccentric manner and attention-grabbing public actions sometimes drew more attention than his artwork, to the dismay of those who held his work in high esteem, and to the irritation of his critics. His some works are The Persistence of Memory, Ballerina in a Death's Head, Galatea of the Spheres 6. The figure in the middle of the picture can be read as a "fading" creature, one that often appears in dreams where the dreamer cannot pinpoint the creature's exact form and composition. One can observe that the creature has one closed eye with several eyelashes, suggesting that the creature is also in a dream state. The iconography may refer to a dream that Dal himself had experienced, and the clocks may symbolize the passing of time as one experiences it in sleep or the persistence of time in the eyes of the dreamer.The Persistence of Memory employs "the exactitude of realist painting techniques to depict imagery more likely to be found in dreams than in waking consciousness. 7. He was born in Italy. He was an Italian Renaissance sculptor, painter, architect, poet, and engineer who exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of Western Art. Michelangelo was considered the greatest living artist in his lifetime, and ever since then he has been held to be one of the greatest artists of all time. A number of his works in painting, sculpture, and architecture rank among the most famous in existence.His output in every field during his long life was prodigious; when the sheer volume of correspondence, sketches, and reminiscences that survive is also taken into account, he is the best-documented artist of the 16th century.Two of his best-known works, the Piet and David, were sculpted before he turned thirty. Despite his low opinion of painting, Michelangelo also created two of the most influential works in fresco in the history of Western art: the scenes from Genesis on the ceiling and The Last Judgment on the altar wall of the Sistine Chapel in Rome. His works are David,The Creation of Adam, Piet, Sistine Chapel Ceiling 8. The Creation of Adam is a section of Michelangelo's fresco Sistine Chapel ceiling painted circa 1512. It is traditionally thought to illustrate the Biblical creation narrative from the Book of Genesis in which God breathes life into Adam, the first man. Chronologically the fourth in the series of panels depicting episodes from Genesis on the Sistine ceiling, it was among the last to be completed. It is the most well-known of the Sistine Chapel fresco panels, and its fame as a piece of art is rivaled only by the Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci. The image of the near-touching hands of God and Adam has become one of the single most iconic images of humanity and has been reproduced in countless imitations and parodies. Along with Leonardo da Vinci's The Last Supper, The Creation of Adam and the other Sistine Chapel panels are the most replicated religious paintings of all time. 9. Giorgione was an Italian painter of the High Renaissance in Venice, whose career was cut off by his death at a little over thirty. Giorgione is known for the elusive poetic quality of his work, though only about six surviving paintings are acknowledged for certain to be his work. The resulting uncertainty about the identity and meaning of his art has made Giorgione one of the most mysterious figures in European painting. Together with Titian, who was slightly younger, he is the founder of the distinctive Venetian school of Italian Renaissance painting, which achieves much of its effect through colour and mood, and is traditionally contrasted with the reliance on a more linear disegno of Florentine painting. His some works are The Tempest, Sleeping Venus, Castelfranco MadonnaThe Three Philosophers. 10. The picture is a typical Holy Conversation and shows the Madonna enthroned with the Child with St. Francis to the right and St. Nicasius to the left. The armored figure has also been identified as the fighting saint St. George or St. Liberalis, patron of Castelfranco. Matteo and his brother Bruto Muzio were members of the Knights of Rhodes, whose ensign is borne by St. Nicasius .The traditional scheme of composition is lightened by the novel use of such elements as the throne and the landscape, which takes up a good portion of the background. Noteworthy is also the absence of any reference to ecclesiastical elements of architecture.The technique of painting is an example of what Vasari called pittura sanza disegno (painting without drawing). This was a new approach to painting which revolutionised the Venetian school and is famously used in The Tempest. Titian, a pupil of Giorgione, later became one of the most important exponents of this style.