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DESCRIPTIONTUDOR CRIME. INDUSTRIAL CRIME. MODERN CRIME. 5 minutes. WRITE DOWN WHAT YOU KNOW ABOUT THE CRIMES OF EACH PERIOD AND THEIR CAUSES!. KEY CAUSES OF CRIME. KEY CAUSES OF CRIME. KEY CAUSES OF CRIME. Crime in the 16 th ,17 th and 18 th centuries L.O. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
TUDOR CRIMEINDUSTRIAL CRIMEMODERN CRIMEWRITE DOWN WHAT YOU KNOW ABOUT THE CRIMES OF EACH PERIOD AND THEIR CAUSES!KEY CAUSES OF CRIMEKEY CAUSES OF CRIMEKEY CAUSES OF CRIME
1Crime in the 16th,17th and 18th centuries
L.O.To develop understanding of changing nature and causes of crime in England and Wales 1500-present day.
By the end of this lesson...ALL OF US will be able to give four facts about each crime and one reason for each. (E-D1)
EVEN BETTER IF you can describe in detail and explain how reasons led to these crimes becoming common.(C-B3)
EXCELLENT IF you can explain why the specific crimes became common in the 16th,17th, and 18th centuries in depth. (B2)
2DEVELOPMENTS IN CRIME
TUDORMain causes of Tudor crime: RELIGION, POVERTY
Vagrancy (able bodied poor; deserving poor; vagrants; rural depopulation)Heresy (crime of religion; seen as crime against crown; many changes in religion)Treason (act against the crown; Gun Powder Plot)
HOW BAD WAS IT?Main crimes that concerned the Tudors were ones which could lead to open rebellion. If there is enough poverty people would rebel; if there were enough heretics they may rebel; treason is the ultimate act of rebellion.3HOW HAVE RELIGIOUS CHANGES LED TO CRIME IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY (4 MARKS)DESCRIBE THE CRIME OF TREASON. (4 MARKS)DESCRIBE THE CRIME OF VAGRANCY (4 MARKS)1 MARK FOR SIMPLE STATEMENT.
2-3 MARKS FOR BRIEF DESCRIPTION
4 MARKS FOR GOOD DESCRIPTION OF SEVERAL ASPECTS OF THEIR ROLE.Using the resources available create a mind map for each question. Including: Four key details, including specific examples of each crime.Causes of each type of crime.
20 minutes4VAGRANCYWhat is vagrancy?People who were out of work asking for handouts and those who moved from town to town doing this.
What types of vagrants were there?The Deserving Poor People who could not work for a valid reason like they were too young or had suffered some kind of terrible accident. These were the good type of poor people.The Undeserving Poor People who could work but chose not to, or tried to con people out of money like Baretop tricksters and Tom OBedlams. These were the bad type of people who the Tudors would wanted punished.
Why was there an increase in this crime in the Tudor period? Closure of the Monasteries: These used to give food and help to the poor. No Monastery no food or support!Sheep!: Lots of farms turned into sheep farms which need less workers, so people got fired!The end of the War of the Roses many soldiers were injured during the fighting, and when it ended Henry VII banned private armies so a lot of men no longer had a job!Tudors were very harsh towards anyone they felt was not trying hard enough since their religious backgrounds made them think everyone should work hard for what they get and not slack offHeresyWhat is heresy?This was were a person did not believe in the same religion as the current King or Queen .What happened to heretics? During their trials, defendants were given every opportunity to recant (confess their religious errors). If they did this they would be sentenced to a spell in prison. However, if they refused to recant and were found guilty of heresy, they were burnt to death. Under Mary you could be executed for reading the bible in English or refusing to take Holy Communion. Under Henry VIII 81 people were executed for the crime of heresy. His daughter Mary killed 280 in five years incluidng the former head of the church Thomas Cranmer.Why was there an increase in this crime in the Tudor period? Henry VIII changed the religion of England from Catholic to Protestant, then Mary changed it back nearly 50 years later.Since most people were very religious they did not like the idea of changing since if they did they would betray their religion they thought they would goto hell!The monarchy worried that if their people followed a different religion, maybe they would want a different monarch.TreasonWhat is treason?This it is a severe crime against the monarch or the nation.The Pilgrimage of Grace Against Henry VIII.40,000 commoners led by Robert Aske in 1536 who wanted the King to make England Catholic again.Took place in the north of England. They took the castle at Pontefract in Yorkshire then Aske travelled to London to meet the king who killed him.Gun Powder PlotJames I had been introducing a set of anti-Catholic laws in England. After largely being left alone under Elizabeth I James and his Chief Minister Robert Cecil had started attacking the Catholics to try and win popularity with Protestants.A set of conspirators, supposedly lead by Guido (Guy) Fawkes came up with a cunning plan. They would rent a cellar underneath parliament, stuff it with gunpowder and blow up the King & Parliament and replace him with a Catholic. The night before the plot an anonymous letter to Baron Mounteagle revealed the plot and lead to the arrest of the plotters (some after a chase into the Midlands) and them being charged with treason.DEVELOPMENTS IN CRIME
LATE SEVENTEENTH/ EIGHTEENTH CENTURYMain causes of crime: Poverty; war;
Smuggling (what was it; what were the main causes of it)
Highway robbery (what was it; why was there an increase in it?)
HOW BAD WAS IT?Big increase in crime during this period, due to new taxes, unemployment and attitudes toward crime8Smuggling (C18th )What was smuggled?How was it smuggled?Two reasons why smuggling became common in the eighteenth centuryWhy were smugglers rarely caught?9Smuggling(C18th )Tea, coffee, sugar, cotton, silk, spices and tobacco.Good smuggled in at night to remote locations.Goverment increased taxes on imported goods.Easy to do.Most ordinary people and some magistrates helped the smugglers.Very few excise officers to patrol coastline.Many ordinary people would help smugglers out by leaving barns or houses open for them to hide the goods.On the off chance the smugglers were caught... they could simply bribe their way out of trouble since the excise men werent paid much!Smugglers mainly operated at night and in remote locations. It was hard for the Excise Men to keep a track of them. Excise men being responsible for checking up on smuggling. 10Highway robbery (C18th )Describe a highway robber.How did they commit this crime?Three reasons why this crime became common in the seventeenth century.Three reasons why this crime stopped.11Highway robbery(C18th )Gentlemen such as Dick Turpin who rode around the highways of England to rob from the rich and give to themselves.Stand and Deliver your money or your life on remote roads at night. Some cut their victims tongues out so they could not describe them.Guns became easier and cheaper to getHorses became cheaper to buyThere were lots of open land around towns in which highwaymen could operate and hideThe amount of coaches travelling around England increased massively.Towns started organising their own patrols, high rewards were offered for highwaymens capture and people got wise and stopped carrying all their cash with them (and so it became unprofitable to rob them) did the number of highwaymen start to die down.12How did the growth of towns lead to more crime in the nineteenth century?More People in One Place - Simply put, more people moved to towns to find jobs. This lead to more crime because the more people there are the more crime there will be!Cramped Conditions - More people in towns lead to narrow terraced housing being built. This made crime easier since houses were closer together - so robbing them and hiding is much easier.Dark Streets - The size of the new towns resulted in a lot of streets being unlit and therefore there was an increase in robberies and murders as the criminal could simply disappear into the nightJobs - Competition for jobs in towns could also lead to crime. In order to create job opportunities it wasnt uncommon for unemployed people to arrange for those with a job to have an accident!These changes led to crimes such as:Garrotting, Pick Pocketting, public drunkeness, machine breaking/Examples of crimes of protest in the nineteenth centuryLuddites - These were the group who were protesting about change. The developments in the Industrial Revolution had meant that factories could make more of things and a quicker rate than before. This meant that some people lost jobs and business that they used to have before, and others had their wages reduced. They went into factories in places like Nottingham, broke machines and blamed it all on Nedd Ludd.Swing Riots - These guys were protesting about change and a little bit about philosophy. They took place in the 1830s in the South of England, which was still mainly farming areas. But even here new machinery had made farming easier and so people would need fewer workers, and those workers got worse wages. Hence Protest and smash machines - same as the Luddites. Rebecca Riots - These took place between 1839 and 1843 and were again about change and equality. People in South Wales were being charged tolls to use roads to move their goods around and these tolls were beyond what they could afford. Since up until very recently they had not had to pay for the roads and many did not think they should have to pay to move around the land. Which they had been doing for free until someone put a fence on the road and charged them money... as to why it was called the Rebecca Riots? Well. The Rioters (men) dressed up as women (Rebecca). These riots then escalated into wider riots about how the Welsh were treated and led to Workhouses being destroyed and barns and Hayricks being burned.There were many reasons why people protested in the nineteenth century:Politics - During this period people wanted the opportunity to vote. Since only 5% of the country could vote this meant there were a lot of people who wanted the vote and couldnt. Henc