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Sri Lanka The Treasure Island Tourism Magazine

TRANSCRIPT

  • JULY 2013

    LKR 250US$ 3

  • ARCHAEOLOGY

    PERSONALITIES42

    12The International Buddhist Museum established at the Sri Dalada Maligawa (Temple of the Sacred Tooth Relic) premises in Kandy is the only museum that exists that showcases the expansion of Buddhism throughout Asia and other parts of the world.

    Not many stop to ponder the craftsmen behind the intricately illuminated, heavily and gaily decorated, huge and regal, gowns, or canopies, that the tuskers wear with pride, dazzling with gold and sequins, in their ceremonial walk in the Kandy Esala Perahera.

    Contents

    HERITAGE

    DEDICATED

    The historical Kandy Esala procession and festival

    is a revered event in the Buddhist calendar organised

    by the Dalada Maligawa (Temple of the Sacred Tooth

    Relic) in Kandy. It gets its name from the month

    of Esala (August) in the Buddhist calendar for when

    the festival begins.

    During the early 90s a Sri Lankan investor laid a master plan to develop the entire city of Kandy - the hill capital

    of Sri Lanka. The plan included the development of a fully fledged city complex in a land area of nearly 40,000

    square metres in the heart of the city.

    32

    24

    EDITOR IN CHIEFHarsha Udayakantha Peiris

    CONSULTANT EDITORRenuka Bandaranayake

    DEPUTY EDITORRathindra Kuruwita

    SUB EDITORRikaza Hassan

    CONTRIBUTORS FROM MAIDEN ISSUEProf. Rohana P. Mahaliyanaarachchi Dept. of Agri Business Management of Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka

    Dr. Iraj Ratnayake Dept. of Tourism Management of Sabaragamuwa

    University of Sri LankaDr. Ashoka Dangolla

    Senior Lecturer of University of Peradeniya Sri Lanka and Veterinary Specialist

    Anslem de Silva - The President of Amphibia and Reptile Research Organization of

    Sri Lanka (ARROS)Dr. Ruchira Somaweera Senior Zoologist,

    BIOLOGIC Environmental Survey, AustraliaVasantha Nugegoda Zoologist and Animal

    Habitat SpecialistChamalka Kothalawala Taxidermist, National

    Museums, Colombo Sri LankaChandima Jayaweera - The Most Outstanding

    Chauffeur Tourist Guide (Nature & Wildlife) SLTA 2012

    Raju Vyas Gujarat, IndiaSujitha Miranda - Veteran Journalist

    Sri Lanka Tourism National Museums Colombo

    PHOTOGRAPHY Aloka I de Silva

    Chandima JayaweeraMaheesha MindulaWarna Liyanawatte

    Sanju SamarasingheSuranga Cooray

    Tarindra JayanettiMedia and Special Projects Bureau of

    Sri Dalada Maligawa

    MANAGEMANTBharatha Gunathilake

    Chief Executive Officer Global Media Holdings (pvt) Ltd

    MARKETINGNilan Wijerathne

    Head of E- Marketing

    GRAPHICSManjula Kumara

    Graphics Executive

    DISTRIBUTION AND LOGISTICSGlobal Media Holdings (pvt) Ltd

    PRINTINGCommercial Printing & Packaging (pvt) Ltd

    Opinions expressed in Sri Lanka The Treasure Island are those of writers, and may not necessarily be the

    view of Global Media Holdings (pvt) Limited or its employees. Readership is advised to seek advice

    from specialists before acting on information published in the magazine.

    Design, Production and AdvertisingGlobal Media Holdings (Pvt) Limited

    23/5A, Sunethradevi Mawatha, Kohuwala,Nugegoda, Sri Lanka

    July 2013

    info@treasureislandsl.com |treasureislandsl.com

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  • CO

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    FALLS

    PICTORIAL

    EVENTS

    NEWS

    NATUREHISTORIC

    TREASURED

    BIRDWATCHING

    68

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    Hidden amidst the Mulgama forest reserve in Kalthota is the Doovili Ella, so called for the cascade of water droplets that shimmer in sunlight, conveying an impression of a shower of dust or doovili in Sinhala.

    The treasure island Sri Lanka is a country of diversity. Its people, flora and fauna, birds, animals and fish and all gifts of nature have their own unique authenticity. All walks of life here is an invitation to come and live by the tranquility of life and nature.

    Udawatte Kele or the Royal Forest, in Kandy, is located behind the temple of the Sacred Tooth Relic. It was declared a forest reserve in 1856 and a sanctuary in 1938. The extent of this forest is about 257 acres.

    The Queens Hotel in Kandy was originally the Governor's mansion with a small structure

    of buildings constructed to house troops. It would later become the main complex of the Ceylon Rifle Regiment. Since the only street of importance was Malabar Street, the main

    complex gave rise to Malabar House in the 1840s.

    Raja was a Sri Lankan tusker who belonged to the Sri Dalada Maligawa in Kandy. He participated in the Esala Perahera in Kandy for about 50 years and was responsible for carrying the casket of the Sacred Relics of the Lord Buddha from 1950 to 1987.

    There exist several reasons why a birdwatcher would prefer Sri Lanka as a bird watching destination. One prime reason is the fact that the country, within its territory of 62,710 square kilometers, offers an unsurpassed opportunity for the birding enthusiast to spot a larger number of species of birds within a minimum period of time. Despite being a small country Sri Lanka is home to 33 species of endemic birds alone.

    Fire is all about light and heat. In fact the sun is the main source of all existence on earth. Fire bangles at the Kandy Dalada Perahera is one of the luring attractions for the spectators. The performers dance to the tunes of drums amidst, making beautiful styles and arrays of fire work to entertain the crowds.

    These styles express their skills of fire dancing at different ages and stages as well as the excellence of their artistic exercises showcasing the devotion towards the eternal existence of a unique culture.

    (Pic. courtesy of Media and Special Projects Bureau of Sri Dalada Maligawa)

  • PICTORIAL

    EVENTS

    NEWS

    NATURE

  • 12 SRI LANKA THE TREASURE ISLAND JULY 2013

    The International Buddhist Museum

    established at the Sri Dalada Maligawa (Temple of the Sacred Tooth Relic) premises in Kandy is the only museum that exists that showcases the expansion of Buddhism throughout Asia and other parts of the world.

    The Museum complex - built and completed at a cost of Rs 200 million - was declared open on May 20, 2011 by President Mahinda Rajapaksa as the Maha Sangha chanted 'Pirith.' From its birth place of India, Buddhism as a religion, spread to different parts of Asia - Southeast and Far East. The Museum's 16 galleries, well stocked with Buddhist artefacts from Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Pakistan, Afghanistan,

    TARCHAEOLOGY

  • JULY 2013 SRI LANKA THE TREASURE ISLAND 13

    A COMPLEX OF WORLD BUDDHISM

    THAT OPENS PATHS TO THE BLISS OF SERENITY

  • 14 SRI LANKA THE TREASURE ISLAND JULY 2013

    The 16ft high Buddha statue at the entrance

    to the Museum. The Buddhas gently

    rounded face with full lips, lotus shaped eyes and arched eyebrows, flanked by elongated earlobes and hair in

    tight snail-shell curls, is encircled with the divine halo, or aureole. At the top of the aureole are

    two Devas (gods), one of them showering flowers

    and the other bearing a whisk. The Buddha

    is depicted seated, cross-legged, on a

    lotus in the preaching posture. The fingers

    of his hands unite to form the

    Dharmachakra Pravartana Mudra (a gesture) which

    denotes the turning of the Wheel of Law.

  • JULY 2013 SRI LANKA THE TREASURE ISLAND 15

    Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Korea, Japan, China and of course Sri Lanka, with a number of Indian artefacts set to join the galleries in November this year, showcases the different ways followed in the practice of Buddhism, both Theravada and Mahayana, by the respective countries.

    The Mahavamsa tradition which is supported by archaeological and literary evidence indicates

    the existence of Indian religious practitioners such as Ajivakas,

    Paribbajakas, Jainas, as well as Buddhist mendicants, prior to the

    official introduction of Buddhism in the 3rd Century BC by Thera Mahinda. The

    chronicle records three visits by the Buddha to Sri Lanka (at Mahiyangana,

    Nagadipa and Kalyani), and is said to have gained 16 sacred sites

    (Solosmasthana) thus. The Stupa at Kalyani is said to have been built by

    enshrining the jewelled throne used by the Buddha while preaching.

    The Burmese sibling traders Tapassu and Bhalluka who were lay disciples of Buddha, built the Girikandicetiya stupa

    enshrining hair relics of the Buddha, as supported by the 8th century rock

    inscription at Tiriyay.

    The name plaque with the national flags of the countries that have marked their

    presence at the museum.

  • 16 SRI LANKA THE TREASURE ISLAND JULY 2013

    The International Buddhist Museum of the Sri Dalada Maligawa is a success of the initiative of the Diyawadana Nilame (chief presiding officer) of Sri Dalada Maligawa Pradeep Nilanga Dela Bandara. In 2005 he was elected as the 19th Diyawadana Nilame with a majority of 155 votes.

    The Museum is situated in a former military complex built by the British Colonial rulers in the 19th century and which post independence served as the main court complex of the Central Province until recent times.

    SRI LANKA01

    Buddha Image with the 'Makara Thorana' - a

    replica from Lankathilake Temple close to Kandy.

    It is the only Buddha image of its kind that

    depicts the four Devas (gods), namely, Vishnu,