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<ul><li><p>Transport Freight and Logistics Sector Demographics </p><p>Transport for New South Wales </p><p>Final Report </p><p>January 2015 </p></li><li><p>Transport for New South Wales Transport, Freight and Logistics Sector Demographics </p><p>January 2015 </p><p>Disclaimer Inherent Limitations </p><p>This report has been prepared as outlined in the Scope Section. The services provided in connection with this engagement comprise an advisory engagement which is not subject to Australian Auditing Standards or Australian Standards on Review or Assurance Engagements, and consequently no opinions or conclusions intended to convey assurance have been expressed. </p><p>No warranty of completeness, accuracy or reliability is given in relation to the statements and representations made by, and the information and documentation provided by Transport for New South Wales personnel and stakeholders consulted as part of the process. </p><p>KPMG have indicated within this report the sources of the information provided. We have not sought to independently verify those sources unless otherwise noted within the report. </p><p>KPMG is under no obligation in any circumstance to update this report, in either oral or written form, for events occurring after the report has been issued in final form. </p><p>The findings in this report have been formed on the above basis. </p><p>Third Party Reliance </p><p>This report is solely for the purpose set out in the Scope Section and for Transport for New South Waless information, and is not to be used for any other purpose or distributed to any other party without KPMGs prior written consent. </p><p>This report has been prepared at the request of Transport for New South Wales in accordance with the terms of the Prequalification Scheme: Performance and Services Standard Form of Agreement as agreed on 16 April 2014. Other than our responsibility to Transport for New South Wales, neither KPMG nor any member or employee of KPMG undertakes responsibility arising in any way from reliance placed by a third party on this report. Any reliance placed is that partys sole responsibility. </p><p> 2014 KPMG, an Australian partnership and a member firm of the KPMG network of independent member firms affiliated with KPMG International Cooperative (KPMG International), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved. The KPMG name, logo and "cutting through complexity" </p><p>are registered trademarks or trademarks of KPMG International Cooperative ("KPMG International"). Liability limited by a scheme approved under Professional Standards Legislation. </p></li><li><p>Transport for New South Wales Transport, Freight and Logistics Sector Demographics </p><p>January 2015 </p><p>Table of contents Executive summary ........................................................................................................................................................2 1. Introduction ..............................................................................................................................................................8 </p><p>1.1. Project background.............................................................................................................................................8 1.2. Methodology .......................................................................................................................................................9 1.3. The NSW Freight and Ports Strategy...............................................................................................................10 1.4. Action 3D Support the growth of the transport and logistics workforce.........................................................11 1.5. The importance of skilled workers ....................................................................................................................11 1.6. Definitional challenges......................................................................................................................................11 1.7. Structure of this report ......................................................................................................................................12 </p><p>2. Economic and industry context ...........................................................................................................................13 2.1. Australian economy overview...........................................................................................................................13 2.2. NSW economy overview...................................................................................................................................14 2.3. Transport, Freight and Logistics industry overview ..........................................................................................15 2.4. Drivers of change..............................................................................................................................................16 2.5. Workforce challenges for the TFL industry.......................................................................................................17 </p><p>3. Analysis and findings............................................................................................................................................18 3.1. What are skills shortages? ...............................................................................................................................18 3.2. Selecting occupations.......................................................................................................................................18 3.3. Historical trends in selected occupations .........................................................................................................19 3.4. Quantitative modelling of skills deficits .............................................................................................................25 3.5. Findings from stakeholder consultations ..........................................................................................................27 3.6. Conclusion ........................................................................................................................................................30 </p><p>4. Responding to skills shortages ...........................................................................................................................32 4.1. Potential measures ...........................................................................................................................................32 4.2. Conclusion ........................................................................................................................................................36 </p><p>5. Conclusion..............................................................................................................................................................37 5.1. Summary of findings.........................................................................................................................................37 </p><p>A. TFL ANZSCO occupation categories ...............................................................................................................38 B. Demand-supply imbalance analysis for all TFL occupations........................................................................40 C. Detailed modelling methodology......................................................................................................................47 </p><p>Modelling background .................................................................................................................................................47 Labour Demand...........................................................................................................................................................47 Labour Supply .............................................................................................................................................................48 Supply Demand Imbalance Index ...............................................................................................................................49 </p><p>D. Consultation questions .....................................................................................................................................51 </p><p> 2014 KPMG, an Australian partnership and a member firm of the KPMG network of independent member firms affiliated with KPMG International Cooperative (KPMG International), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved. The KPMG name, logo and "cutting through complexity" </p><p>are registered trademarks or trademarks of KPMG International Cooperative ("KPMG International"). Liability limited by a scheme approved under Professional Standards Legislation. </p><p>i </p></li><li><p>Transport for New South Wales Transport, Freight and Logistics Sector Demographics </p><p>January 2015 </p><p>Executive summary KPMG was engaged by Transport for New South Wales (TfNSW) to provide an analysis of the transport, freight and logistics (TFL) industry sector demographics, with a focus on specific occupations and an understanding of the prevalence of skills shortages in each. Through this project TfNSW has sought to develop a more objective, evidence-based approach to understanding skills shortages. This project provides TfNSW with: a unified framework for assessing skills gaps and shortages in key occupations for the TFL industry, reflecting </p><p>discussions regarding skills categories/occupations so that project outputs are appropriate a better understanding of why particular skills shortages exist and where they are most acute initial guidance on where government and industry might work together to alleviate the gaps and shortages. </p><p>This report provides TfNSW with a detailed analysis of current and forecast skills gaps and shortages within the TFL sector in NSW. KPMGs findings, conclusions and recommendations within this report have been informed by a combination of quantitative and qualitative evidence (further information is provided in section 1.2). They also reflect KPMGs experience in working at the interface between industry and government. </p><p>A plethora of information already exists on the size and importance of the TFL industry to the national and state economies. Bodies such as the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Transport &amp; Logistics Industry Skills Council (TLISC) and Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics (BITRE) all produce extensive reports and statistics on the composition of the industry, not to mention industry associations such as the Australian Logistics Council and others. What makes this project unique is the application of KPMGs quantitative methodology on NSW specific information for a customised set of occupations considered as important to the industry. </p><p>NSW Freight and Ports Strategy Released in December 2013, the NSW Freight and Ports Strategy provides a framework for industry, all levels of government and other stakeholders to guide investment and other decisions to enhance freight and logistics in NSW. The Strategy is a core component of the NSW Governments overall strategic planning framework and provides the State with a clear aim and achievable objectives. </p><p>The objectives of the strategy are to ensure the: </p><p> delivery of a freight network that efficiently supports the projected growth of the NSW economy </p><p> balancing of freight needs with those of the broader community and the environment. </p><p>Sustainable growth of the transport and logistics workforce is a key issue to ensure the TFL industry can meet the future requirements of the NSW economy. Skills shortages can constrain economic growth. Unaddressed, they may also compromise NSWs ability to meet current and future demand and may eventually lead to increased costs and inefficiencies at the firm, industry and economy-wide level. </p><p>Addressing skills shortages must begin with a robust and comprehensive understanding of where skills shortages exist now and where they are likely to appear in future. To increase this understanding this project has been designed to quantify the scale of skill shortages in the industry and identify the occupations most in need of attention. </p><p>The transport industry in NSW NSWs freight transport and logistics industry is estimated to account for up to 5.2 per cent of Gross State Product (GSP) (equivalent to $19.5 billion per annum).1 The breakdown of contribution to GSP by industry is outlined in the table on the following page. By far the largest element of the industry is transport, and it can be divided into two key means of delivery: by road and by rail. Almost half of all interstate freight in Australia is carried on roads, and NSW accounts for more than one third of the countrys total road freight. The rail transport sector is an important segment of the NSW freight transport sector, and is a crucial component of the coal chain. </p><p>1 ABS, 5220.0, Australian National Accounts, State Accounts, NSW, 2012-13 and KPMG projections </p><p> 2014 KPMG, an Australian partnership and a member firm of the KPMG network of independent member firms affiliated with KPMG International Cooperative (KPMG International), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved. The KPMG name, logo and "cutting through </p><p>complexity" are registered trademarks or trademarks of KPMG International Cooperative ("KPMG International"). Liability limited by a scheme approved under Professional Standards Legislation. </p><p>2 </p></li><li><p> - </p><p>Transport for New South Wales Transport, Freight and Logistics Sector Demographics </p><p>January 2015 </p><p>Figure E.1: Contribution to NSW GSP by industry (2012-13) Industry Per cent of NSW GSP (2012 13) </p><p>Transport, Postal and Warehousing 5.7 </p><p>Agriculture 1.7 </p><p>Mining 3.7 </p><p>Manufacturing 8.7 </p><p>Construction 6.2 </p><p>Retail and Wholesale Trade 10.3 </p><p>Utilities 3.1 </p><p>Other Services 60.6 Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, and KPMG projections </p><p>Workforce challenges The Transport &amp; Logistics Industry Skills Council (TLISC) estimates that the current national workforce across the industry consists of 797,000 employees across 165,000 businesses. 2 The Council expects the workforce to continue to grow significantly, predicting job openings of 151,100 for the period of 2013 to 2017, with the majority of these new jobs in logistics and warehousing, and road transport.3 </p><p>Across the TFL industry in Australia, 47 per cent of the workforce is aged 45 years or older, compared with 38 per cent for the broader Australian workforce.4 In addition, female participation rates are exceptionally low, with some occupations, such as Truck Drivers, almost exclusively male. </p><p>A major component of the development of TLISCs environmental scan is employer consultations. Through these consultations TLISC identified that only a small proportion of employers had sufficient capacity to lift the language, literacy and numeracy levels (LLN) of their workforce. Employers stated that low LLN levels affected both entry level positions and also frontline and middle-level managers, and were of particular concern with the technological and...</p></li></ul>

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