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  • Training Package on Natural Hazards and Early Warning for Training of Trainers in Kenya

    United Nations International Strategy for Disaster ReductionRegional Office for Africa

    I S D REUROPEAN COMMISSION

    Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protecti on

    UNISDR AfricaUN Complex Block N, Level 2P.O. Box 47074, Gigiri, Nairobi, KenyaTel: +254 20 762 1569Fax: +254 20 762 4726ISDR-Africa@unep.orgwww.unisdr.org/africa

  • Training Package on Natural Hazards and Early Warning for Training of

    Trainers in Kenya

    United Nations International Strategy for Disaster ReductionRegional Office for Africa

    I S D REUROPEAN COMMISSION

    Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protecti on

  • Printing: UNON, Publishing Services Section, Nairobi, ISO 14001: 2004-certified

  • iii

    Table of Contents

    Acknowledgement.................................................................................................................. v

    Glossary.of.Common.Terminologies...................................................................................... vi

    Acronyms.and.Abbreviations................................................................................................ vii

    1.. Introduction..................................................................................................................... 1 1.1 Background............................................................................................................1 1.2 Rationale of the natural hazard fact sheet training ................................................1 1.3 Objectives of the training course ......................................................................... 2 1.4 Expected outcome ................................................................................................ 2 1.5 Training methods .................................................................................................. 2 1.6 Course duration .................................................................................................... 2 1.7 Target group/participants ..................................................................................... 2 1.8 Course structure and contents .............................................................................. 3 1.9 Proposed profile of trainers .................................................................................. 4 1.10 Usage of the training manual ................................................................................ 4

    2.. Training.Modules.1.:........................................................................................................ 5 2.1 Module 1: introduction to disaster risk reduction ................................................. 5 2.2 Session1: Knowing the participants ...................................................................... 5 2.3 Session 2: Expectation setting .............................................................................. 5 2.4 Session 3: Why this course? ................................................................................. 5 2.5 Session 4: Understanding language of disaster risk reduction ............................. 6 2.6 Understanding disaster risk reduction language .................................................. 6 2.7 Global and regional perspectives of hazards and disaster risk reduction ........... 16

    3.. Modules.2:.Natural.Hazards.and.Disaster.Risk.Reduction.in.Kenya.............................22 3.1 Background ........................................................................................................ 22 3.2 Natural hazards in Kenya .................................................................................... 22 3.3 Disaster risk reduction in Kenya: Institutional and legal frameworks ................. 24

    4.. Modules.3:.Drought.Hazard.In.Kenya...........................................................................29 4.1 Learning objectives ............................................................................................. 30 4.2 Background and distribution of drought in Kenya ...............................................31 4.3 Types of droughts ................................................................................................31 4.4 Parameters of drought severity ............................................................................31 4.5 Causes of drought ................................................................................................31 4.6 Impact of drought .............................................................................................. 32 4.7 Drought hazard assessment and mapping .......................................................... 34 4.8 Drought onset, monitoring and early warning .................................................... 34 4.9 Elements most risk to drought hazard ................................................................ 34 4.10 Drought mitigation, minimization and risk reduction strategies ......................... 35 4.11 Aims of drought mitigation ................................................................................. 35 4.12 Community participation .................................................................................... 39

  • Training Package on Natural Hazards and Early Warning for Training of Trainers' in Kenya

    iv

    5.. Modules.4:.Flood.Hazard.in.Kenya...............................................................................42 5.1 Learning Objectives ............................................................................................ 42 5.2 Understanding floods ...................................................................................... 42 5.3 Areas affected by floods in Kenya ....................................................................... 42 5.4 Parameters of flood severity ............................................................................... 43 5.5 Causes of floods ................................................................................................. 43 5.6 Mechanisms of flood destruction ........................................................................ 44 5.7 Economic and social impacts of floods on the regions affected ......................... 46 5.8 Floods hazard assessment and mapping ............................................................ 46 5.9 Flood monitoring and early warning institutions ................................................ 46 5.10 Elements most at risk to flood hazard ................................................................ 46 5.11 Mitigation prevention, minimization and risk reduction strategies ..................... 47 5.12 Community-based risk reduction measures ........................................................ 49

    6.. Modules.5:.Earth/Land.Movement.Hazards.(Landslides.and.Earthquakes)................ 52 6.1 Landslides .......................................................................................................... 52 6.2 Earthquake ......................................................................................................... 57

    7.. Modules.6:.Tsunami......................................................................................................62 7.1 Learning objectives ............................................................................................. 62 7.2 Tsunami occurrence in Kenya .............................................................................. 62 7.3 Causes of tsunamis ............................................................................................. 62 7.4 Impact and effects of tsunamis ........................................................................... 63 7.5 Mitigation, minimization and risk reduction strategies ....................................... 63

    8.. Modules.7:.Lightening.and.Wild.Fires..........................................................................64 8.1 Lightening .......................................................................................................... 64 8.2 Wild Fires ............................................................................................................ 65

    9. Modules.8:.Disease.Pandemics.................................................................................... 73 9.1 Malaria ................................................................................................................ 73 9.2 Cholera ............................................................................................................... 76

    10.. Modules.9:.Disaster.Preparedness.and.Early.Warning................................................ 79 10.1 Module learning objectives ................................................................................. 79 10.2 Understanding disaster preparedness ............................................................ 79 10.3 Components of a disaster preparedness mechanism ......................................... 79 10.4 Disaster preparedness and disaster risk reduction ............................................. 79 10.5 Disaster contingency planning ............................................................................ 80 10.6 Early warning systems ........................................................................................ 80 10.7 Code of conduct in disaster response ................................................................ 84

    11.. Recommendations.on.Awareness.Raising.Strategies...................................................85 11.1 Increasing awareness to district and sub national level personnel .................... 85 11.2 Increasing community awareness ....................................................................... 85 11.3 Communication tips on public awareness ..............................

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