trade facilitation in eastern and southern africa wto trade facilitation symposium
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DESCRIPTIONTrade Facilitation in Eastern and Southern Africa WTO TRADE FACILITATION Symposium 11 th July 2012 Geneva. Outline of presentation. The Tripartite Agenda The Tripartite Partners for Trade Facilitation TradeMark programme-who we are ? TradeMark supported projects - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Trade Facilitation in Eastern and Southern Africa
WTO TRADE FACILITATION Symposium
11th July 2012Geneva
Outline of presentation
The Tripartite Agenda The Tripartite Partners for Trade FacilitationTradeMark programme-who we are?TradeMark supported projectsOther initiatives under implementation in the regionLinkages with WTO Trade Facilitation agenda Going forward
The COMESA-EAC-SADC Tripartite
Political and Economic Geography of the COMESA-EAC-SADC Tripartite Region
The Tripartite cooperation arrangementThe three main pillars of the Tripartite strategy:
Market integrationMarket Integration concerns the removal of tariff and non-tariff barriers and implementation of trade facilitation measuresInfrastructure developmentInfrastructure Development concentrates on improving the regions infrastructure so as to improve the efficiency of regional trade flows and transport network (road, rail, water and air and including ICT and energy)Industrial developmentThe intention is to improve productive capacity and competitiveness and programmes that can take advantage of improvements in market integration and infrastructure development.
The Tripartite Partners for Trade FacilitationSupport provided at REC, Corridor and national support:
World Bank- Customs reform and modernizationJICA- One-stop border posts; Customs reform and modernizationSIDA- SPS, TBTs, Customs reform and ModernizationIMF- Capacity BuildingWCO- Capacity BuildingEU Trade related infrastructureUSAID Trade Facilitation, Customs reform and modernizationAfDB One stop border posts, trade related infrastructureDFID- Trade facilitation , Infrastructure provided through TradeMark East Africa and TradeMark Southern Africa and national level
Who we are..TradeMark Southern Africa (TMSA) is a 100 million, DFID-funded 5 year programme that supports deeper regional integration in East and Southern Africa by working closely with the COMESA-EAC-SADC Tripartite, its 26/27 member states, business and civil society organisations. The Programme was established in November 2009.
The 100 million contribution consists of a 67 million contribution to the COMESA-EAC-SADC Tripartite Trust Account for the purposes of leveraging infrastructure upgrading and investment along the North-South Corridor. Additional funding to the TTA is provided by other Development Cooperation Partners.
The remaining 33 million is programmed in the following key work areas:
Trade PolicyTrade and Transport FacilitationCorridors and InfrastructureEconomic Competitiveness
TMSA supported Trade Facilitation projectsComprehensive Tripartite Trade and Transport Facilitation Programme
Regulatory and policy reforms encouraging the harmonization and adoption of international instruments and best practices; national and regional capacity building activities to facilitate cross-border movements; and enhancement of infrastructure facilities at border posts to improve efficiency of cross-border movements.
Transport Market Access Regulationb) Harmonisation of Road Traffic RegulationCross-Border Processes and Procedures NTBs, SPS Measures and Standards
TMSA supported Trade Facilitation projectsTransport Market Access RegulationReducing quantity regulation in the regional transport market and creating a system of enforcing quality controls and better support to operators.Harmonisation of Road Traffic RegulationMotor vehicle third party insurance systems Rationalisation and publication of road user charges;Vehicle Regulations and Standards: Fitness of Vehicles; Transportation of Dangerous Goods; and Transportation of Abnormal GoodsVehicle Overload Controls
TMSA supported Trade Facilitation projectsCross-Border Processes and Procedures Customs Legislation and Procedures;Efficient management of border posts;Single Administrative Customs Document;Cooperation on Customs Enforcement;Design and implementation of a harmonised Regional Customs Bond and development of transit management system;Design and implementation of a regional road transport management system based on self-regulation;Implementation of corridor monitoring system for selected border posts
TMSA supported Trade Facilitation projectsCustoms legislation and proceduresHeads of Customs have decided that all Member States should take the necessary measures to accede to and fully implement the RKC and that the RECs should provide the necessary technical assistance required for the implementation of the RKC; TMSA facilitates regional and national workshops on RKC and technical and financial support at national level for accession to the Convention;TMSA is also supporting REC conformity assessment reviews to support full implementation of RKC provisions by countries that have acceded to the Convention.
TMSA supported Trade Facilitation projectsIntegrated Border Management (Coordinated Border Management)
TMSA supports IBM projects at three levels:Development of Tripartite Policy and Inter-REC implementation strategy;REC level bilateral cooperation projects;National IBM projects (Legislation, Institutional strengthening, development of operating procedures, capacity building) that could include One-Stop Border Posts
TMSA supported Trade Facilitation projectsTransit Management SystemTMSA is supporting COMESA and SADC in the development of a regional transit management system supported by a regional bond guarantee scheme and electronic exchange of data among customs administrations.One Member State has also partnered the two RECs to develop the SADCOM transit information management system. TheSADCOM system will have the following 5 pillars: Connectivity and data exchangeTrack and traceRisk managementBond management
TMSA supported Trade Facilitation projectsComputerised Immigration SystemsThe Tripartite is currently working with one country on a computerised immigration system that could be used as a model for other countries that require it.Capacity BuildingSupporting collaboration between three RECs and WCO-ESA to implement E-learning programme and deliver specialized training in areas such as risk management and post clearance auditing.Implementation of corridor monitoring system for selected border posts The Tripartite are developing a corridor monitoring system to monitor the time taken and reasons for delays along a corridor.
Border Crossing Monitoring:
Have relatively sophisticated border monitoring processes based on a GPS truck tracking system. The system tracks queuing times as well as border clearing times.
Chirundu Border Post - Analysis from Global Track GPS dataNorthbound Traffic (Zimbabwe to Zambia)Aug-11Sep-11Oct-11Nov-11Dec-11Jan-12Nr of Crossings57531520540513519Avg hours to cross from Zimbabwe to Zambia282832323225Standard Deviation202627282723Median hours to cross from Zimbabwe to Zambia242225252621Minimum hours to cross from Zimbabwe to Zambia412221Maximum hours to cross from Zimbabwe to Zambia94138157167173188Avg hours on Zimbabwe side9811986Avg hours on Zambia side192021232319% Crossings within 12 hours26%39%33%36%33%39%% Crossings within 24 hours53%55%50%50%46%58%% crossings within 36 hours68%69%64%64%62%74%% Crossings within 48 hours88%82%80%79%77%84%% Crossings within 72 hours95%93%92%91%93%95%% Crossing more than 72 hours5%7%8%9%7%5%
OSBP On-going work at Chirundu Border PostJourney times on NSC typically 1/3 driving and 2/3 waiting. Most effective way to reduce costs is to reduce waiting times at borders. This can be done by converting to OSBP but need to address: physical facilities (common control zone with a fenced perimeter, common facilities scanning, weighbridges and inspection bays); operations and training; and legal framework (extraterritorial jurisdiction).Chirundu OSBP is now fully operational and works to ensue full ICT connectivity of the two sides of the border are underway. Challenges have been faced with air conditioning units but measures have been taken to address these outstanding issues
NTB Monitoring and Removal System
As customs duties have gone down through trade liberalization measures by the RECs intra-Tripartite export trade has remained low in relation to total trade due to the emergence of NTBs. Surveyed firms reported NTBs affected one-fifth of regional trade in ESA ($3.3 billion in Southern Africa alone). The removal of NTBs will lead to increased levels of regional trade - identification, removal and monitoring of NTBs is a priority area. NTBs National Monitoring Committees being established
TMSA supported Trade Facilitation projectsSPS and StandardsNon-tariff measures in the form of technical requirements and standards, as well as SPS measures, have been shown to pose a major challenge to trade in among countries in the region. Over and above this, one of the main hurdles to cross-border trade that exporters face is costly multiple testing and/or certification of products because of a lack of trust among trading partners on the competence and efficiency of the conformity assessment procedures of the relevant national bodies.Harmonising standards and conformity assessment procedures could have far-reaching benefits for regional/international trade. The main thrust of Tripartite work is on:Harmonizing a number of trade-related technical regulations, standards and SPS measures for identified products, Harmonizing the conformity assessment procedures for the identified products and capacity building for regulatory authorities
Other TF initiatives under implementation EAC (regional)- Common customs law based on RKC (including procedure manuals), Common Customs training curriculum and material, Projects on customs IT connectivity, corridor