# topographic maps pg 598 - 601. lesson objectives define a topographic map and its uses. define a...

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• Slide 1
• Topographic Maps Pg 598 - 601
• Slide 2
• Lesson Objectives Define a topographic map and its uses. Define a topographic map and its uses. Describe how contour lines show the elevations, shape, and slope of the land. Describe how contour lines show the elevations, shape, and slope of the land. Identify the meanings of some symbols and colors used on topographic maps. Identify the meanings of some symbols and colors used on topographic maps. Create a topographic profile Create a topographic profile
• Slide 3
• What is a topographic map? A topographic map, also known as a contour map, is a map that shows the elevation/shape of the land using contour lines. A topographic map, also known as a contour map, is a map that shows the elevation/shape of the land using contour lines. Elevation - how high and low the ground is in relation to sea level. Elevation - how high and low the ground is in relation to sea level.
• Slide 4
• What are contour lines? Contour lines are lines that connect points that are of the same elevation. Contour lines are lines that connect points that are of the same elevation. Contour lines never touch or cross. Contour lines never touch or cross.
• Slide 5
• What is a benchmark? A benchmark is a point where exact elevation is known and is marked with a brass or aluminum plate. A benchmark is a point where exact elevation is known and is marked with a brass or aluminum plate. Benchmarks are useful to help determine contour lines. Benchmarks are useful to help determine contour lines.
• Slide 6
• Other Topographic Terms Map scale compares distances on the map with distances on earth. Map scale compares distances on the map with distances on earth. Legend explains symbols used on the map. Legend explains symbols used on the map. Index contours contour lines that are labeled to help you find the contour interval. Index contours contour lines that are labeled to help you find the contour interval.
• Slide 7
• What is a contour interval? A contour interval is the difference in elevation between two contour lines that are side by side. A contour interval is the difference in elevation between two contour lines that are side by side. Remember that a contour interval is not the distance between the two lines to get the distance you need to use the map scale. Remember that a contour interval is not the distance between the two lines to get the distance you need to use the map scale.
• Slide 8
• What if my contour lines are close together? If the contour lines are close together, then that indicates that area has a steep slope. If the contour lines are close together, then that indicates that area has a steep slope.
• Slide 9
• What if my contour lines are far apart? If the contour lines are far apart, then that indicates the land has a gentle slope (low slope). If the contour lines are far apart, then that indicates the land has a gentle slope (low slope).
• Slide 10
• What do the dark colored contour lines mean? The dark colored contour lines represent every fifth contour line to make it easier to read the map. The dark colored contour lines represent every fifth contour line to make it easier to read the map.
• Slide 11
• What do depressions in the map look like? A depression, such as the inside of a dead volcano, is represented by Hachure lines. A depression, such as the inside of a dead volcano, is represented by Hachure lines. Hachure lines are regular contour lines with small segments sticking out from it. Hachure lines are regular contour lines with small segments sticking out from it. The first hachure line is at the same elevation as the contour line before it. The first hachure line is at the same elevation as the contour line before it.
• Slide 12
• Hachure Lines/Depression
• Slide 13
• More on Contour Lines Contour lines form Vs that point upstream when they cross a stream. Contour lines form Vs that point upstream when they cross a stream. It is important to remember that they point in the opposite direction as the flow of water. It is important to remember that they point in the opposite direction as the flow of water.
• Slide 14
• What do the colors on the topographic map represent? Blue lines/shapes - represent water features, such as streams and lakes. Blue lines/shapes - represent water features, such as streams and lakes. Brown contour lines Brown contour lines Black Roads, buildings, railroads, other man made objects. Black Roads, buildings, railroads, other man made objects. Green Woodland areas Green Woodland areas Red - Highways Red - Highways
• Slide 15
• Topographic Profile 1. Pencil the line of your interest in lightly on your map 2. Place a blank piece of paper along the line you have drawn. 3. On both the blank paper and the map, mark clearly the starting and ending points of your line of section. Below these marks, write down the elevation of the starting and ending points of your section.
• Slide 16
• 4. Make a tic mark wherever the paper crosses a contour line on the map. Write the elevation of the index contours below their tics on your paper
• Slide 17
• 5. Get a piece of graph paper that is at least as long as your line of section. Place your paper with the tic marks on the graph paper and mark the starting and ending points of your line.
• Slide 18
• Beginning with your starting elevation, go directly above the tic mark on your paper and make a small dot on the graph paper at the corresponding elevation. Connect the dots on the graph paper. Beginning with your starting elevation, go directly above the tic mark on your paper and make a small dot on the graph paper at the corresponding elevation. Connect the dots on the graph paper.
• Slide 19
• Review Questions How are contour lines drawn on maps? How are contour lines drawn on maps? How does a contour map show whether a slope is gentle or steep? How does a contour map show whether a slope is gentle or steep?