toplotna postrojenja

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. ,

. , . , , , 1980. . , . , . , , , 1996. . , , , 2003 2003.

, . () . . . .

C+O2 =CO2 394MJ/kmol CO 394MJ/kmol C+2 = C+2 +131J/kmol , , . .

. , . , . : . . .

AB A + B

. . .

, (, ) , , , ....

(, ), . : . : .

XX 1.65 6 , . , . 55 212 [1], XX 650 . 8 875 [2] (BP Statistical Review of World Energy, 2003.) .

, . , . 41,868 11,63 kWh. [2] , 1bb = 0.159 m3[1]

() () () , () .

? . . . .

, . . 70% . , .

, .

, , , . . , .

- - - - /kg 6,110 7,389 9,125 14,825 9 125 14 825 7,830 11,207 8,110 14,348 14,746 20,444 13,653 21,583 25,665 27,607 /kg 7,765 9,027 10,453 15,423 10 453 15 423 9,242 12,579 9,421 15,806 16,052 21,185 14,545 22,893 26,829 28,692

(, ) , ( , ) , .

, CH1.4O0.59N0.0017 1 6% . 900 0. 16000 kJ/kg, 40% 10000 kJ/kg.

, . , , . 39000 42000 kJ/kg. C = 80 90 %, H = 10 13 %. CmHn. : .

: 15C 20C : - - - - - . kg/m3 % % 820