Top 10 Photography Composition Rules

Download Top 10 Photography Composition Rules

Post on 03-Jun-2018

215 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • 8/12/2019 Top 10 Photography Composition Rules

    1/13

    11/04/13 9:29 AM10 Top Photography Composition Rules | Photography Mad

    Page 1 of 13http://www.photographymad.com/pages/view/10-top-photography-composition-rules

    TipsAboutContact

    10 Top Photography Composition RulesThere are no fixed rules in photography, but there are guidelines which can often help you to enhance theimpact of your photos.

    It may sound clichd, but the only rule in photography is that there are no rules. However, there are arenumber of established composition guidelines which can be applied in almost any situation, to enhancethe impact of a scene.

    These guidelines will help you take more compelling photographs, lending them a natural balance,drawing attention to the important parts of the scene, or leading the viewer's eye through the image.

    Once y ou ar e familiar with these composition tips, you'll be surprised at just how universal most of themare. Yo u'll spot them everywhere, and you'll find it easy to see why some photos "work" while others feellike simple snapshots.

    R ule of Thirds

    Imagine that your image is divided into 9 equal segments by 2 vertical and 2 horizontal lines. The rule of thirds says that you should position the most important elements in your scene along these lines, or at thepoints where they intersect.

    Doing so will add balance and interest to your photo. Some cameras even offer an option to superimpose

    Beautiful Wedding AlbumPhotoBook.co.nz/Wedding_PhotoBooks

    Easy to make, stunning wedding photo bookalbum for under $100

    Advertise On Googlewww.google.com/nz/adwordsGet website traffic using AdWords. Spend $25,Get $100 Bonus Credit!

    NZ Event Photographer www.cactusphotography.co.nzSpecialize in Corporate events, Awards andGala Dinners

    Photography Courseswww.ThePhotographyInstitute.co.nzBecome a Successful Photographer. At Home atyour own Pace. Start Now

    http://www.photographymad.com/pages/view/rule-of-thirdshttp://www.photographymad.com/pages/view/rule-of-thirdshttp://www.photographymad.com/abouthttp://www.photographymad.com/http://www.photographymad.com/http://www.photographymad.com/http://www.photographymad.com/pages/view/rule-of-thirdshttp://www.photographymad.com/pages/view/rule-of-thirdshttp://www.google.com/url?ct=abg&q=https://www.google.com/adsense/support/bin/request.py%3Fcontact%3Dabg_afc%26url%3Dhttp://www.photographymad.com/pages/view/10-top-photography-composition-rules%26gl%3DNZ%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dca-pub-3179505526526164%26ai0%3DCbsx4FdllUfPvEuT8mgWY_oHwDIODoKEC2-KwiSbAjbcBEAEghYHDJigEUJOdtt0HYKvssYXgGKAB3Z2J_APIAQGpAjTHGVIjvqw-qAMByAPTBKoEngFP0AbhjOtrKOhl5hk96sjmBzwSE7vWnq8waKpBLyOR7VhcyOysRZutd82mpjYp-t1Q02CLw_Sv5dnl6_4NAlbzybJmnuFNv7Xv4SAxmhuKgotHFVjYXF553XRowFR87yNVLLNXxs3E1EfcUQ5TIrBhKAJwD9qZJ8Ay_oof6l91ZvvMw3-2vfV6GhlS3LizmcldcGGslkA6DN_Fg4sosIAHi-L2Aw%26ai1%3DC1Ib6FdllUfPvEuT8mgWY_oHwDPzKu5YFlJecxm7K6obdIhACIIWBwyYoBFDFptT6-_____8BYKvssYXgGKAB3IafzAPIAQGoAwHIA9MEqgSYAU_QNvyy62go6GXmGT3qyOYHPBITu9aerzBoqkEvI5HtWFzI7KxFm613zaamNin63VDTYIvD9K_l2eXr_g0CVvPJsmae4U2_te_hIDGaG4qCi0cVWNhcXnnddGjAVHzvI1Uss1fGzcTUR9xRDlMisGEoAnAP2pknwDL-ih_qX3Um-8vjfvpr-FHyEuUfuLOZwV2gdKlqmNsugAeM-eAz%26ai2%3DC_JwKFdllUfPvEuT8mgWY_oHwDMqsvsIFwvGKtXPAjbcBEAMghYHDJigEUL3pseX-_____wFgq-yxheAYyAEBqQI0xxlSI76sPqgDAcgD0wSqBJ4BT9A2947raSjoZeYZPerI5gc8EhO71p6vMGiqQS8jke1YXMjsrEWbrXfNpqY2KfrdUNNgi8P0r-XZ5ev-DQJW88myZp7hTb-17-EgMZobioKLRxVY2Fxeed10aMBUfO8jVSyzV8bNxNRH3FEOUyKwYSgCcA_amSfAMv6KH-pfdWb7zMN_35CDbxoZUty4s5nJXXBhrJZAOgzfxfLHMoCAB7qS5DQ%26ai3%3DCrMVaFdllUfPvEuT8mgWY_oHwDMnC3-AB6Y7s-xjAjbcBEAQghYHDJigEUND-1oD7_____wFgq-yxheAYoAGrquTrA8gBAakCICt1WgmusT6oAwHIA9MEqgSeAU_QFpvn624o6GXmGT3qyOYHPBITu9aerzBoqkEvI5HtWFzI7KxFm613zaamNin63VDTYIvD9K_l2eXr_g0CVvPJsmae4U2_te_hIDGaG4qCi0cVWNhcXnnddGjAVHzvI1Uss1fGzcTUR9xRDlMisGEoAnAP2pknwDL-ih_qX3Vm-8zDf4SQvXgaGVLcuLOZyV1wYayWQDoM38Wh1Q-ggAe91ZsU&usg=AFQjCNG3Q5Zv3olpel4_q1930zm_mXQ4Cghttp://googleads.g.doubleclick.net/aclk?sa=l&ai=CrMVaFdllUfPvEuT8mgWY_oHwDMnC3-AB6Y7s-xjAjbcBEAQghYHDJigEUND-1oD7_____wFgq-yxheAYoAGrquTrA8gBAakCICt1WgmusT6oAwHIA9MEqgSeAU_QFpvn624o6GXmGT3qyOYHPBITu9aerzBoqkEvI5HtWFzI7KxFm613zaamNin63VDTYIvD9K_l2eXr_g0CVvPJsmae4U2_te_hIDGaG4qCi0cVWNhcXnnddGjAVHzvI1Uss1fGzcTUR9xRDlMisGEoAnAP2pknwDL-ih_qX3Vm-8zDf4SQvXgaGVLcuLOZyV1wYayWQDoM38Wh1Q-ggAe91ZsU&num=4&sig=AOD64_1WbUWzuD_1zP7IKIOlXrtqPwCE1A&client=ca-pub-3179505526526164&adurl=http://www.thephotographyinstitute.co.Nz/index.cfm%3Fcode%3DGOhttp://googleads.g.doubleclick.net/aclk?sa=L&ai=C_JwKFdllUfPvEuT8mgWY_oHwDMqsvsIFwvGKtXPAjbcBEAMghYHDJigEUL3pseX-_____wFgq-yxheAYyAEBqQI0xxlSI76sPqgDAcgD0wSqBJ4BT9A2947raSjoZeYZPerI5gc8EhO71p6vMGiqQS8jke1YXMjsrEWbrXfNpqY2KfrdUNNgi8P0r-XZ5ev-DQJW88myZp7hTb-17-EgMZobioKLRxVY2Fxeed10aMBUfO8jVSyzV8bNxNRH3FEOUyKwYSgCcA_amSfAMv6KH-pfdWb7zMN_35CDbxoZUty4s5nJXXBhrJZAOgzfxfLHMoCAB7qS5DQ&num=3&sig=AOD64_16RNa8RuPpS6JLbwb6KC_GIIDXjA&client=ca-pub-3179505526526164&adurl=http://www.cactusphotography.co.nz/Auckland-Event-Photographerhttp://googleads.g.doubleclick.net/aclk?sa=l&ai=C1Ib6FdllUfPvEuT8mgWY_oHwDPzKu5YFlJecxm7K6obdIhACIIWBwyYoBFDFptT6-_____8BYKvssYXgGKAB3IafzAPIAQGoAwHIA9MEqgSYAU_QNvyy62go6GXmGT3qyOYHPBITu9aerzBoqkEvI5HtWFzI7KxFm613zaamNin63VDTYIvD9K_l2eXr_g0CVvPJsmae4U2_te_hIDGaG4qCi0cVWNhcXnnddGjAVHzvI1Uss1fGzcTUR9xRDlMisGEoAnAP2pknwDL-ih_qX3Um-8vjfvpr-FHyEuUfuLOZwV2gdKlqmNsugAeM-eAz&num=2&sig=AOD64_0N5jfiU80P1-vfDvQMK59pnjC4cg&client=ca-pub-3179505526526164&adurl=http://ad.doubleclick.net/clk%3B268393972%3B94233822%3Bvhttp://googleads.g.doubleclick.net/aclk?sa=l&ai=Cbsx4FdllUfPvEuT8mgWY_oHwDIODoKEC2-KwiSbAjbcBEAEghYHDJigEUJOdtt0HYKvssYXgGKAB3Z2J_APIAQGpAjTHGVIjvqw-qAMByAPTBKoEngFP0AbhjOtrKOhl5hk96sjmBzwSE7vWnq8waKpBLyOR7VhcyOysRZutd82mpjYp-t1Q02CLw_Sv5dnl6_4NAlbzybJmnuFNv7Xv4SAxmhuKgotHFVjYXF553XRowFR87yNVLLNXxs3E1EfcUQ5TIrBhKAJwD9qZJ8Ay_oof6l91ZvvMw3-2vfV6GhlS3LizmcldcGGslkA6DN_Fg4sosIAHi-L2Aw&num=1&sig=AOD64_3s1BC8RYTMPpYsIM7PH4hIaEipnA&client=ca-pub-3179505526526164&adurl=http://www.photobook.co.nz/slp/wedding_photobookshttp://www.photographymad.com/pages/view/rule-of-thirdshttp://www.photographymad.com/contacthttp://www.photographymad.com/abouthttp://www.photographymad.com/http://www.photographymad.com/
  • 8/12/2019 Top 10 Photography Composition Rules

    2/13

    11/04/13 9:29 AM10 Top Photography Composition Rules | Photography Mad

    Page 2 of 13http://www.photographymad.com/pages/view/10-top-photography-composition-rules

    a rule of thirds grid over the LCD screen, making it even easier to use.

    Notice how the building and horizon are aligned along rule-of-thirds lines. Image by Trey Ratcliff .

    Balancing ElementsPlacing your main subject off-centre, as with the rule of thirds, creates a more interesting photo, but it canleave a void in the scene which can make it feel empty. You should balance the "weight" of your subjectby including another object of lesser importance to fill the space.

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/stuckincustoms/1928559400/
  • 8/12/2019 Top 10 Photography Composition Rules

    3/13

    11/04/13 9:29 AM10 Top Photography Composition Rules | Photography Mad

    Page 3 of 13http://www.photographymad.com/pages/view/10-top-photography-composition-rules

    Here, the visual "weight" of the road sign is balanced by the building on the other side of the shot. Imageby Shannon Kokoska .

    Leading Lines

    When we look at a photo our eye is naturally drawn along lines. By thinking about how you place lines inyour composition, you can affect the way we view the image, pulling us into the picture, towards thesubject, or on a journey "through" the scene. There are many different types of line - straight, diagonal,curvy, zigzag, radial etc - and each can be used to enhance our photo's composition.

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/shannonmary/118306328/
  • 8/12/2019 Top 10 Photography Composition Rules

    4/13

    11/04/13 9:29 AM10 Top Photography Composition Rules | Photography Mad

    Page 4 of 13http://www.photographymad.com/pages/view/10-top-photography-composition-rules

    The road in this photo draws your eye through the scene. Image by Pierre Metivier .

    Symmetry and PatternsWe are surrounded by symmetry and patterns, both natural and man-made., They can make for very eye-catching compositions, particularly in situations where they are not expected. Another great way to usethem is to break the symmetry or pattern in some way, introducing tension and a focal point to the scene.

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/feuilllu/227310839/in/photostream/
  • 8/12/2019 Top 10 Photography Composition Rules

    5/13

    11/04/13 9:29 AM10 Top Photography Composition Rules | Photography Mad

    Page 5 of 13http://www.photographymad.com/pages/view/10-top-photography-composition-rules

    The symmetry of this chapel is broken by the bucket in the bottom right corner. Image by Fabio Montalto .

    ViewpointBefore photographing your subject, take time to think about where you will shoot it from. Our viewpointhas a massive impact on the composition of our photo, and as a result it can greatly affect the messagethat the shot conveys. Rather than just shooting from eye level, consider photographing from high above,down at ground level, from the side, from the back, from a long way away, from very close up, and so on.

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/11445691@N02/2828441697/
  • 8/12/2019 Top 10 Photography Composition Rules

    6/13

    11/04/13 9:29 AM10 Top Photography Composition Rules | Photography Mad

    Page 6 of 13http://www.photographymad.com/pages/view/10-top-photography-composition-rules

    The unusual viewpoint chosen here creates an intriguing and slightly abstract photo. Image by ronsho .

    BackgroundHow many times have you taken what you thought would be a great shot, only to find that the final imagelacks impact because the subject blends into a busy background? The human eye is excellent atdistinguishing between different elements in a scene, whereas a camera has a tendency to flatten theforeground and background, and this can often ruin an otherwise great photo. Thankfully this problem isusually easy to overcome at the time of shooting - look around for a plain and unobtrusive backgroundand compose your shot so that it doesn't distract or detract from the subject.

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/ronsho/1135112859/
  • 8/12/2019 Top 10 Photography Composition Rules

    7/13

    11/04/13 9:29 AM10 Top Photography Composition Rules | Photography Mad

    Page 7 of 13http://www.photographymad.com/pages/view/10-top-photography-composition-rules

    The plain background in this composition ensures nothing distracts from the subject. Image by PhilippNaderer .

    DepthBecause photography is a two-dimensional medium, we have to choose our composition carefully toconveys the sense of depth that was present in the actual scene. You can create depth in a photo byincluding objects in the foreground, middle ground and background. Another useful compositiontechnique is overlapping, where you deliberately partially obscure one object with another. The humaneye naturally recognises these layers and mentally separates them out, creating an image with more depth.

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/triotex/1120489778/
  • 8/12/2019 Top 10 Photography Composition Rules

    8/13

    11/04/13 9:29 AM10 Top Photography Composition Rules | Photography Mad

    Page 8 of 13http://www.photographymad.com/pages/view/10-top-photography-composition-rules

    Emphasise your scene's depth by including interesting subjects at varying distances from the camera.Image by Jule Berlin .

    Framing

    The world is full of objects which make perfect natural frames, such as trees, archways and holes. Byplacing these around the edge of the composition you help to isolate the main subject from the outsideworld. The result is a more focused image which draws your eye naturally to the main point of interest.

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/jule_berlin/839245545/
  • 8/12/2019 Top 10 Photography Composition Rules

    9/13

    11/04/13 9:29 AM10 Top Photography Composition Rules | Photography Mad

    Page 9 of 13http://www.photographymad.com/pages/view/10-top-photography-composition-rules

    Here, the surrounding hills form a natural frame, and the piece of wood provides a focal point. Image bySally Crossthwaite .

    Cropping

    Often a photo will lack impact because the main subject is so small it becomes lost among the clutter of its surroundings. By cropping tight around the subject you eliminate the background "noise", ensuring thesubject gets the viewer's undivided attention.

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/sally_monster/1202068770/
  • 8/12/2019 Top 10 Photography Composition Rules

    10/13

    11/04/13 9:29 AM10 Top Photography Composition Rules | Photography Mad

    Page 10 of 13http://www.photographymad.com/pages/view/10-top-photography-composition-rules

    Cut out all unnecessary details to keep keep the viewer's attention focused on the subject. Image by HienNguyen .

    ExperimentationWith the dawn of the digital age in photography we no longer have to worry about film processing costsor running out of shots. As a result, experimenting with our photos' composition has become a realpossibility; we can fire off tons of shots and delete the unwanted ones later at absolutely no extra cost.Take advantage of this fact and experiment with your composition - you never know whether an idea willwork until you try it.

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/hien_it/3298120975/
  • 8/12/2019 Top 10 Photography Composition Rules

    11/13

    11/04/13 9:29 AM10 Top Photography Composition Rules | Photography Mad

    Page 11 of 13http://www.photographymad.com/pages/view/10-top-photography-composition-rules

    Like 5.2k 799 Tweet 662 1.1K

    Digital photography allows us to experiment with different compositions until we find the perfect one.Image by Jule Berlin .

    Composition in photography is far from a science, and as a result all of the "rules" above should be takenwith a pinch of salt. If they don't work in your scene, ignore them; if you find a great composition thatcontradicts them, then go ahead and shoot it anyway. But they can often prove to be spot on, and areworth at least considering whenever you are out and about with your camera.

    Did you find this post helpful? If so, please spread the word by sharing it below.

    You Might Also Like

    5 Keys to Finding the Perfect Portrait Location

    Using Focus Lock on Your Digital Camera

    Photographing Water Drops

    The 3 Best Lens Filters for Landscape Photography

    Shutter Speed: A Beginner's Guide

    http://www.photographymad.com/pages/view/shutter-speed-a-beginners-guidehttp://www.photographymad.com/pages/view/the-3-best-lens-filters-for-landscape-photographyhttp://www.photographymad.com/pages/view/photographing-water-dropshttp://www.photographymad.com/pages/view/using-focus-lock-on-your-digital-camerahttp://www.photographymad.com/pages/view/5-keys-to-finding-the-perfect-portrait-locationhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/jule_berlin/853806749/http://www.photographymad.com/pages/view/10-top-photography-composition-rules#http://www.photographymad.com/pages/view/10-top-photography-composition-rules#http://twitter.com/search?q=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.photographymad.com%2Fpages%2Fview%2F10-top-photography-composition-ruleshttps://twitter.com/i...

Recommended

View more >