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A Psychoanalytic Study of Andrew Marvel's Poem To His Coy Mistress

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2. Introduction: Psychoanalytic Criticism 2 3. Introduction: Study of the Unconscious 3 4. Introduction: The Unconscious 4 5. Freudian Model of Human Psyche 5 6. Heightening of intensity of desire 6 7. To His Coy Mistress The Argument A] Flattery Had we but world enough, and time, This coyness, lady, were no crime. We would sit down and think which way To walk, and pass our long love's day; Thou by the Indian Ganges' side Shouldst rubies find; I by the tide Of Humber would complain. I would Love you ten years before the Flood; And you should, if you please, refuse Till the conversion of the Jews. My vegetable love should grow Vaster than empires, and more slow. An hundred years should go to praise Thine eyes, and on thy forehead gaze; Two hundred to adore each breast, But thirty thousand to the rest; An age at least to every part, And the last age should show your heart. For, lady, you deserve this state, Nor would I love at lower rate. B] The Ideal Circumstances But at my back I always hear Time's winged chariot hurrying near; And yonder all before us lie Deserts of vast eternity. Thy beauty shall no more be found, Nor, in thy marble vault, shall sound My echoing song; then worms shall try That long preserv'd virginity, And your quaint honour turn to dust, And into ashes all my lust. The grave's a fine and private place, But none I think do there embrace. C] The Necessity of Pleasure Now therefore, while the youthful hue Sits on thy skin like morning dew, And while thy willing soul transpires At every pore with instant fires, Now let us sport us while we may; And now, like am'rous birds of prey, Rather at once our time devour, Than languish in his slow-chapp'd power. Let us roll all our strength, and all Our sweetness, up into one ball; And tear our pleasures with rough strife Thorough the iron gates of life. Thus, though we cannot make our sun To His Coy Mistress_audio.flv 7 8. Dominance of Ego & Superego (in Stanzas 1 & 2) The Ideal Circumstances Had we but world enough, and time, This coyness, lady, were no crime. We would sit down and think which way To walk, and pass our long love's day; Thou by the Indian Ganges' side Shouldst rubies find; I by the tide Of Humber would complain. I would Love you ten years before the Flood; And you should, if you please, refuse Till the conversion of the Jews. My vegetable love should grow Vaster than empires, and more slow. An hundred years should go to praise Thine eyes, and on thy forehead gaze; Two hundred to adore each breast, But thirty thousand to the rest; An age at least to every part, And the last age should show your heart. For, lady, you deserve this state, Nor would I love at lower rate. 8 9. Dominance of Ego & Superego (in Stanzas 1 & 2) The Ground Reality But at my back I always hear Time's winged chariot hurrying near; And yonder all before us lie Deserts of vast eternity. Thy beauty shall no more be found, Nor, in thy marble vault, shall sound My echoing song; then worms shall try That long preserv'd virginity, And your quaint honour turn to dust, And into ashes all my lust. The grave's a fine and private place, But none I think do there embrace. 9 10. Triumph of Id in Stanza 3 Now therefore, while the youthful hue Sits on thy skin like morning dew, And while thy willing soul transpires At every pore with instant fires, Now let us sport us while we may; And now, like am'rous birds of prey, Rather at once our time devour, Than languish in his slow-chapp'd power. Let us roll all our strength, and all Our sweetness, up into one ball; And tear our pleasures with rough strife Thorough the iron gates of life. Thus, though we cannot make our sun Stand still, yet we will make him run. 10 11. Recommendations Future researchers, however, may explore the poem for discovering the unconscious of the poet himself. Researcher may also focus on the two processes of dream-symbolisation called displacement and condensation. This would, however, require an in-depth study of Marvells personal and professional life history. 11 12. Words Cited Barry, Peter. Beginning Theory. Manchester: Manchester U.P. Manchester, 2002. Bertens, Hans. Literary Theory: The Basics. London: Routledge, 2001. Duyfhuizen, Bernard. Textual Harassment of Marvell's Coy Mistress: The Institutionalization of Masculine Criticism. College English, Vol. 50, No. 4 (Apr., 1988), pp. 411-423. National Council of Teachers of English Stable. 25.12.2008. Freud, Sigmund. New Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis. London: Penguin Books, 1991. 12 13. Works Cited Grierson, Herbert J.C.(Ed.). Metaphysical Lyrics & Poems of The Seventeenth Century: Donne to Butler. Glasgow: Oxford UP, 1958. Harland, Richard. Literary Theory from Palto to Barthes: An Introductory History. Hong Kong: Macmillan Press Ltd, 1999. Hartwig, Joan. The Principle of Measure in "To His Coy Mistress". College English, Vol. 25, No. 8 (May, 1964), pp. 572-575. National Council of Teachers of English. 25.12.2008. Ray, William. Literary Meaning: From Phenomenology to Deconstruction. Oxford: Basil Blackwell Ltd, 1985. 13