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DESCRIPTIONTibetan Worldview . Stacie Andrews, Richard Sweet, Glenni Rankin, Sarah Hollingsworth HCOM 301 04/29/13. The Dalai Lama. Those unrelentingly cruel ones, objects of compassion, Maddened by delusion's evils, wantonly destroy themselves and others; - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Tibetan Worldview Stacie Andrews, Richard Sweet, Glenni Rankin, Sarah HollingsworthHCOM 30104/29/13The Dalai Lama...
Those unrelentingly cruel ones, objects of compassion, Maddened by delusion's evils, wantonly destroy themselves and others;May they achieve the eye of wisdom, knowing what must be done and undone,And abide in the glory of friendship and love.
Tibet: The Roof of the WorldChina's Tibet Autonomous Region: 1965Tibetan Settlements in IndiaTibetan-Government in Exile: Indian State of Himachal Predesh, a village known as Upper Dharamsala. This is where the Dalai Lama resides.
Tibetan Refugees in NepalTibetans...Demographic Information- Chinas grip makes this more difficult..- Tibetan and Mandarin Chinese- The Han people- Chinas Tibet Autonomous Region- Communities of faith
Core Values- Individual expression of spirituality- Buddhism- The Dalai Lama: human happiness; inter-religious harmony; survival of identity, culture, and religion- Faith
Elements Necessary to Understand World ViewTibetan philosophy engages in philosophical investigation not only to gain an understanding of the world but to also gain an understanding on how to eliminate suffering in the world. Religious or spiritual beliefsIndigenous Tibetan religion called Bon.Tibetan Buddhism (influenced from earlier Indian Buddhism and Bon).Dalai LamaUse of mantras and yogic techniques.Preoccupation with the relationship between life and death Gods and spirits taken from earlier Tibetan religionsTexts are separated into two sectionsTranslated Words- the teaching of BuddhaTranslated Teachings- commentaries written by Indian and Tibetan authorsFour main sects of Tibetan BuddhismAncientWhite EarthOral TransmissionWay of Virtue
Ontological beliefsTwo different schools of ontological thinking that originated from Indian Mahayana Buddhism.Mind Only School (Yogacara)Awareness and consciousness is the only thing with intrinsic essence.Middle Way School (Madhyamaka)Denies that anything has an unchanging essence.
Epistemological beliefsMysticism -meditation,Religious Faith- texts, dalai lamaThe Doctrine of Two Truths:The Two TruthsConventional (Normal) truthUltimate Truth~Truth can mean true as well as real.~Ethical Views/Teachings
Utilitarianelimination of sufferingAristotelian Virtueflourishing and freedom both function as a goal for good traits
LowerBeginning in 1999, 200 schools were built and enrollment went from 85% to 98% in 2010.Secondary education is taught in Mandarin and entrance exams to universities are in Chinese.From primary school through college, tuition fees for ethnic Tibetans are completely subsidized by the central governmentHigherIn 1980, Tibetans were only 10% of higher education students In 1984, Tibet University was est.By 2006, had six institutions of higher learning.
MedicineAncient system based on Buddhist philosophy and psychology. The mind is considered to be the base because all existences and moments depend on its movements; it is the creator of every external and internal phenomena.
Rural-Agrarian90% work as herdsmenThe other 10% live in towns earning living doing business and handicraft work, factory workers or government officials
ClothingCultural regions- home woven gownsGrasslands- sheepskinMen from Chamdo- red/black silk tasselsLhasa residents- more modern/stylish
Rituals & PracticesBuildings are blessed by a lama that circles it twice and throws handfuls of rice in each direction.The Hada is the most precious gift.Tibetan festivals such as Losar, Shoton, & the Bathing Festival are deeply rooted in indigenous religion.Tibetan music often involves chanting in Tibetan or Sanskrit, as an essential part of the religion.Each house has altar tables for worshipping Buddha. Most important part of the home is the prayer room. Tend to be very colorful with scenes of Buddhas lifeDo not eat horse, dog, or donkey meat, and some areas do not eat fish as well.Polyandry is practiced amongst nomadic Tibetans still today.
Nearly all the beggars in China are Tibetan. China has occupied Tibet for over 60 yearsSince 2009, about 100 Tibetan monks, nuns and others have set themselves on fire to protest the severe living conditions imposed on TibetansMore than 250,000 Tibetans die in prisons and labor camps.
Since the 1960s, China has inflicted severe damage to Tibets environment: Toxic waste is dumped into rivers; forests are clear-cut; endangered species are hunted for sport; and nuclear-testing facilities are built. Hundreds of thousands of Tibetans die from famine and disease. 10:21-14:25Government-in-ExileDharamsala, IndiaEstablished after escape(CTA)Sino-Indian WarDalai Lama's policy of China owned TibetWar was 1962CTA=Central Tibetan Administration
Failure of Chinese Programs"Great Leap Forward" (1958-1961)Shift from Agrarian to Modern CommunistMassive failure of the programCommune systemIndustrializationEconomic Loss"Cultural Revolution" (1966-1976)Another attempt to modernizeTo fix the mistakes of "Great Leap Forward"Led to the destruction of 6,000 Tibetan monasteriesGLW: Death count anywhere 200,000-1,000,000Protests314 RiotsMeant to bring attention44 monks since 2009Arrests and DeathsCensorshipUnited States Reaction"Construct a Socialist Harmonious Society,"United States ambassador to Beijing Clark T. Randt, Jr. urged China to exercise restraint. While meeting with the Dalai Lama in Dharmsala, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi called for an international investigation into the violence in Tibet and dismissed China's claim that the Dalai Lama was behind the unrest as making "no sense." President George W. Bush called President Hu Jintao of China on March 26, 2008. The President raised his concerns about the situation in Tibet and encouraged the Chinese government to engage in substantive dialogue with the Dalai Lama's representatives and to allow access for journalists and diplomats. Speaker Pelosi introduced and the House of Representatives passed a resolution that characterized China's response as "disproportionate and extreme". The resolution called on China to stop the crackdown on Tibetan dissent, to release all Tibetans imprisoned for nonviolent protests, and to begin an uncondition discussion with the Dalai Lama for a long-term solution that upholds Tibetans' human rights and dignity.What Can You Do?Read more about the issues...Internet Websiteshttp://www.savetibet.org/support-tibethttp://www.helptibet.org.uk/Spread awareness!For More Information:For more on Tibet: http://www.tibet.org/Free Tibet: http://www.freetibet.org/For more information on Tibetan Buddhism: http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/buddhism/subdivisions/tibetan_1http://www.religionfacts.com/buddhism/sects/tibetan.htmTibetan Epistemology and Philosophy of Language: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/epistemology-language-tibetan/#Epi/Tibetan Philosphy: http://www.iep.utm.edu/tibetan/