tibetan tantra buddhism or vajrayana - buddhism in a nutshell!
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Tibetan Tantra Buddhism or Vajrayana - BuddhismIn a nutshell!
Tibetan Buddhism HistoryBon religion indigenous religion of Tibet, animistic (believing that nature is pervaded by good and evil spirits) shamanistic
Buddhism and Hinduism Initially introduced late 8th century more steadily from the 13th century onwards
The Great tantric mystic Guru Rinpoche blended these three religions in 774 CE resulting in Tibetan Buddhism
Tibetan Buddhism - politicsTibetan Buddhism dominated Mongolia and Manchuria.
Gave rise to a Theocracy hierarchy of monks or Lamas that govern the country
Dali Lama is both the worldly and spiritual authority
Tibetan Buddhist Sacred Texts
Buddhist text were translated into Tibetan 11th 14th Centuries.
Many text survived in Tibetan translations only
The most famous Tibetan Buddhist text is the Bardo Thodol, popularly known as the Tibetan Book of the Dead.
Describes the experiences of the soul during the interval between death and rebirth. It is recited by lamas over a dying or recently deceased person
Tibetan Buddhism BeliefsSimilarities with Mahayana Buddhism
pantheon of Buddhas, bodhisattvas, and Dharma protectors4 Noble TruthsEight-Fold PathCompassionMonastic life3 baskets Tripitaka rituals such as food and flower offeringsReligious pilgrimagesReligious festivalsMantras and MudrasBodhisattvas
Tibetan Buddhism Beliefs cont.Unique to Tibetan Buddhism
Tibetan Buddhism Beliefs cont.Cham: a dance featuring sacred masked dances, sacred music, healing chants, and spectacular richly ornamented multi-colored costumes
Mudras - used by the monks to invite spiritual energies which generate wisdom, compassion.
Tibetan Beliefs - Images
Philosophy Fight fire with fireVajra diamond. Buddha elevated to a savior holding a diamond scepter evokes the energetic rigor and clarity of the diamond
Task: to shut off the energy of desire to accomplish the cessation of suffering
How: Harness this energy (of desire) and turn it against itself to propel the individual towards enlightenment.
Method: Chanting, Mandalas, mudras, sex
Tibet TodayClergy: Lamas (Oligarchy)
Present Dali Lama - 14th in a direct line of succession through rebirth
won Nobel Peace Prize 1989
Currently living in exile in Northern India
Tibet currently claimed by the Peoples Republic of China
Zen BuddhismIn a Nutshell
Zen OriginsOriginated in China 6th Century
Was popularized in Japan
Emphasis - meditation
Zen TeachingsZen: direct experience of truth which is beyond words, thoughts and feelings about truth
Emphasizes experience over speculation
Beyond logical thinking that clutters the mind
Satori Zen Enlightenment
Zen PracticesKoans riddlesIntended to short-circuit the workings of the logical rational mind
Cultivate full attention to everyday life
Zen ActivitiesIkebana flower arrangingTea ceremonyLandscapingPoetryCalligraphyMartial ArtsSumo wrestlingBonsai
Zen LifeMonastic lifestyleSeated mediationMenial workSimple mealsZen master RoshiAuthority over disciples