thuyet minh dadt truong bai thom 18-05-2010

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MC LCI. S CN THIT U T...................................................................................................1I.1. L do u t.................................................................................................................1 a. V tr a l:...................................................................................................................1 I.2. Mc tiu ca d n......................................................................................................4 I.3. Cn c php l............................................................................................................4

II. HNH THC U T V CH U T......................................................................7II.1. Hnh thc u t.........................................................................................................7 II.2. Ch u t..................................................................................................................7

III. A IM XY DNG V HIN TRNG A HNH, A CHT V IU KIN T NHIN ....................................................................................................................8III.1. a im xy dng.....................................................................................................8 III.2. Hin trng a hnh, a cht v iu kin t nhin:..................................................8 III.3. nh gi chung:.......................................................................................................10

IV. PHNG N QUY HOCH, KIN TRC................................................................11IV.1. Tiu chun, quy chun trong thit k......................................................................11 IV.2. Ch tiu kinh t k thut:..........................................................................................12 IV.3. C cu t chc khng gian:....................................................................................13 IV.4. Quy hoch s dng t:..........................................................................................13 IV.5. Gii php qui hoch:...............................................................................................14 IV.6. Gii php kin trc:.................................................................................................15

V. GII PHP K THUT.................................................................................................19V.1. Gii php kt cu.....................................................................................................19 V.2. San lp mt bng.....................................................................................................21 V.3. Gii php giao thng................................................................................................21 22 V.4. Gii php cp in ngoi nh..................................................................................22 V.5. Gii php cp nc ngoi nh:................................................................................23 V.6. Gii php thot nc ma ngoi nh......................................................................24 V.7. Gii php thot nc thi ngoi nh:......................................................................25 V.8. Gii php cp in trong nh...................................................................................26 V.9. Gii php cp thot nc trong nh........................................................................27 V.10. Gii php phng chy cha chy..........................................................................29 V.11. Trm x l nc thi:.............................................................................................30

VI. HNH THC T CHC QUN L V TIN THC HIN D N...............34VI.1. Hnh thc t chc qun l d n............................................................................34 VI.2. Tin thc hin d n:.........................................................................................34

VII. NH GI TC NG MI TRNG:..................................................................35VII.1. Cn c nh gi ....................................................................................................35 VII.2. Ngun gy nhim................................................................................................35 VII.3. Cc bin php x l tc ng ca d n i vi mi trng................................36 VII.4. Kt lun ................................................................................................................37

VIII. TNG MC U T:................................................................................................38VIII.1. Cn c xc nh Tng mc u t.......................................................................38 VIII.2. Thnh phn ca vn u t:.................................................................................39 VIII.3. Tng hp vn u t.............................................................................................40

IX. HIU QU X HI CA D N................................................................................40 X. KT LUN V KIN NGH..........................................................................................41

I.I.1.

S CN THIT U TL do u t a. V tr a l: Ph Quc hay cn gi l o Ngc, l hn o ln nht ca Vit Nam, cng l o ln nht trong qun th 22 o ti y, nm trong Vnh Thi Lan, thuc tnh Kin giang. V tr a l ca o c tm tt nh sau: mi ng Bc ca o cch quc gia lng ging Cam-Pu-Chia 4 hi l. o cch thnh ph Rch Gi, th ph ca tnh Kin Giang 62 hi l v pha ng v cch th x H Tin l 25 hi l.. o Ph Quc cng vi cc o khc to thnh huyn o Ph Quc trc thuc tnh Kin Giang. Ton b huyn o c tng din tch 593,05 km, xp x din tch o quc Singapore. Th trn Dng ng, ta lc pha Ty Bc, l th ph ca huyn o. Khong cch t Ph Quc n th 10 nc ng Nam khong 02 gi bay ca hng khng dn dng. Do , m ra nhng trin vng tt p trong pht trin thng mi v du lch trn o. o Ph Quc c hnh tam gic, cnh y nm hng Bc, nh dn li pha Nam. Nu tnh ng chim bay theo hng Bc - Nam th chiu di ln nht ca o l 49 km . Ni rng nht trn o theo hng ng - Ty nm khu vc Bc o vi chiu di l 27 km. Chu vi ca o Ph Quc tng cng khong 130 km. V iu kin a l t nhin, kh hu trn o Ph Quc thuc loi nht i gi ma (nng m, ma nhiu,), tuy nhin do nm trong vng v tr c bit ca vnh Thi Lan nn t b thin tai. Chnh v iu kin kh hu nh vy nn Ph Quc c c mt ngun ti nguyn v gi l rng nhit i, trong c rt nhiu ging, loi c hu. y l vn qu nht pht trin du lch sinh thi trn hn o ny. Bn cnh rng, v bn thn Ph Quc l mt hn o v l o ln, cho nn nhng ngun ti nguyn khc nh: ti nguyn bin, ti nguyn t, ti nguyn nc, Ph Quc l ni c tim nng ln khai thc pht trin kinh t. Ngy nay, h thng ng giao thng trn o ang pht trin nhanh chng, cnh l cc tuyn vn chuyn hnh khch t t lin ra o bng c ng hng khng ln hng hi rt thun tin nn du khch c th yn tm n cng nh i li trn o m khng gp phi bt c tr ngi no. Trong vng mt thp nin tr li y, nhng nh u t trong v ngoi nc tm n hn o ngc gia bin khi ny ngy mt ng, din mo ca Ph Quc cng t m tng bc khi sc. b. n v hnh chnh: Ph Quc c chia thnh 7 x, 2 th trn l: 1. Th trn Dng ng 2. Th trn An Thi 3. X Dng T 4. X Ca CnThuyt minh d n u t: Trng THPT Bi Thm Huyn Ph Quc, Tnh Kin Giang.

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5. X Gnh Du 6. X Ca Dng 7. X Bi Thm 8. X Hn Thm 9. X Hm Ninh V mt hnh chnh, ngoi o Ph Quc cn c cc o nh ln cn khc v 2 qun o An Thi, Th Chu hp thnh mt huyn ca tnh Kin Giang: huyn o Ph Quc vi tng din tch l 58.283 ha. Trong , qun o Th Chu nm xa o Ph Quc nht (tng tng khong cch t Rch Gi ra Ph Quc). c. Dn s: - Theo thng k dn s ca huyn Ph Quc nm 2007 l 88.220 ngi. - D bo n nm 2020 dn s huyn Ph Quc l 200.000 230.000 ngi. d. S pht trin kinh t - x hi nm 2009 v nh hng pht trin: Vic trin khai thc hin cc quyt nh ca Th tng Chnh ph v u t pht trin o Ph Quc trong thi gian qua bc u t kt qu kh tt. Kinh t x hi ca huyn o t mc tng trng kh v duy tr n nh. i sng i b phn nhn dn trn o tip tc c ci thin, nng cao, hot ng du lch c s khi sc ng mng, sc hp dn i vi du khch trong v ngoi nc ngy cng tng. Hin nay, huyn Ph Quc c Chnh ph v cc b, ngnh Trung ng ph duyt quy hoch chuyn ngnh cho 6 lnh vc: du lch, giao thng, cp in, thu li, bu chnh vin thng v cng ngh thng tin, thng mi. n tng th bo v mi trng o Ph Quc n nm 2010 v nh hng n nm 2020 cng c Th tng Chnh ph ph duyt. Theo quy hoch chung c ph duyt, ton o Ph Quc c 2.300 ha t xy dng th, 100 ha t cng nghip, 3.800 ha t pht trin du lch, 1.020 ha t vui chi gii tr th dc th thao, 600 ha t xy dng dn c nng thn. V cng tc lp, ph duyt quy hoch chi tit xy dng t l 1/500, ph duyt khu th Sui Ln v 8 khu chc nng ca th vi din tch 418,23 ha. ang trin khai lp quy hoch cm cng nghip cng Vnh m vi quy m 150 ha. Ph duyt 26 khu v cm du lch vi din tch 604 ha. Tip tc t chc lp quy hoch 26 khu du lch vi din tch 1.415 ha. Ph duyt 02 khu di tch lch s - vn ho vi tng din tch 29,61 ha Ring v u t c s vt cht phc v du lch, ton huyn Ph Quc hin c 1.500 bung lu tr, trong c 90 phng t tiu chun 3 4 sao. Sn bay quc t Dng T c khi cng xy dng vo thng 11/2008, giai on trc mt s thi cng cc hng mc ng ct cnh, ng ln, sn my bay, d kin hon thnh vo na cui nm 2012. V cng bin, ang trin khai xy dng cng An Thi, d kin s a vo hot ng trong u nm 2010. Cc khu cng Vnh m, bi t ang trin khai lp quy hoch v chun b u t. i vi h thng cng sng, ang trin khai xy dng cng sng th trn Dng ng vi quy m 6,23Thuyt minh d n u t: Trng THPT Bi Thm Huyn Ph Quc, Tnh Kin Giang.

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ha. Ngoi ra huyn cn trin khai thi cng h thng ng vng quanh o di 132 km. V cp in, Cng ty in lc 2 ang trin khai lp t thm 5 t my pht diesel, nng cng sut pht in ln 15MW. Tp on Than v Khong sn tin hnh kho st chn a im d n v ang trin khai th tc chun b u t xy dng nh my nhit in than, Cng ty in lc 2 cng cng vi t vn nc ngoi kho st v chn xong phng n hng tuyn cp ngm ca d n cp in ngm 110KV xuyn bin H Tin Ph Quc. H thng cp nc, x l nc thi ang c y nhanh tin thc hin... Qu trnh u t pht trin ca Ph Quc mang li nhiu kt qu tch cc ng ghi nhn. B mt th ca huyn o ngy cng hin i hn, i sng nhn dn tip tc c nng cao, ngun vn thu ht u t trong v ngoi nc , ang v s tip tc l ng lc