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  1. 1. 1 Threatened Medicinal Plants Diversity of Gujarat : Its Conservation and Development Measures Presentation by Dr. A. P. Singh,Dr. A. P. Singh, IFSIFS Conservator of Forests Gujarat Forestry Development Project Gujarat State, Gandhinagar
  2. 2. 2 Introduction -Introduction - So far, 04.13 lacs plants identified on the globe. Out of 04.13 lacs, 02.50 lacs are Angiosperms. So far, 45,364 plants identified in India. Out of 45,364 plants, 17,500 are Angiosperms. So far, 4,327 plants identified in Gujarat Out of 4,327 plants, 2,205 are Angiosperms. About 8,000 M.P. are identified in India Out of 8,000 M.P. about 800 are widely utilized. About 1,315 M.P. are identified in Gujarat. Out of 1,315 M.P., about 270 are widely utilized. There are 409 licensed Pharmacies in Gujarat Out of 409 Pharmacies, 47 are GMP holders.
  3. 3. 3 Historical Importance of Medicinal Plants Sacred literature Vedas and many other important collection by Great Sages & Saints mentioned the importance of Medicinal Plants as - Rigveda prescribes - 67 Medicinal Plants Yajurveda prescribes - 81 M.P. Atharvveda prescribes - 290 M.P. Brahamana prescribes 130 M.P. Charaksamhita - 400 to 450 M.P. Shusrutsamhita - 573 M.P. Dhanvantri Nighantu - 373 M.P. based drugs Raja Nighantu prescribes about 750 Plant based drugs Madanpala & Bhavprakash prescribes about 569 Plant based drugs
  4. 4. 4 Threatened Diversity of Medicinal Plants-Threatened Diversity of Medicinal Plants- Out of 1,315 identified M.P. in Gujarat, 1,016 are wild and rest 299 are cultivated as crops & plantations. Out of 1.315 identified M.P., 248 are Tree species ,165 Shrubs, 148 Climbers and 754 Herbs. Out of 270 widely utilized M.P., 201 species (74%) are indigenous to Gujarat . Other 69 species (26%) are procured from other states. Out of 201 M.P., 148 species (74%) are growing in wild. Other 53 species (26%) are cultivated as crops Out of 148 indigenous plants, 48 species of trees (32%), 22 species of shrubs (15%), 28 species of climbers (19%) and 50 species of herbs(34%). Out of 148 M.P. (50), 48 trees (16), 22 Shrubs (08), 28 Climbers (12), 50 Herbs (14) are discussed as threatened
  5. 5. 5 TreesTrees S.No. Local Name Botanical Name Family 1 Harde Terminalia chebula Combretaceae 2 Arjun T. arjuna Combretaceae 3 Ashok* Saraca asoca Caesalpinaceae 4 Kanchnar Bauhinia variegata Caesalpinaceae 5 Sivan Gmelina arborea Verbinaceae 6 Chandan Santalum album Santalaceae 7 Patla Stereospermum suaveolens Bignoniaceae 8 Tetu Oroxylum indicum Bignoniaceae 9 Ragatrohido Tecomella undulata Bignoniaceae 10 Kadvo Sargvo Moringa concanensis Moringaceae
  6. 6. 6 S.No. Local Name Botanical Name Family 11 Kapilo Mallotus phillipinensis Euphorbiaceae 12 Bhilamo Semecarpus anacardium Anacardiaceae 13 Salai Boswellia serrata Burseraceae 14 Vai-varno Crateva nurvala Capparaceae 15 Biyo Pterocarpus marsupium Fabaceae 16 Kadayo Sterculia urens Sterculiaceae ShrubsShrubs 1 Guggal Commiphora wightii Burseraceae 2 Vavding Embelia ribes Myrsinaceae 3 Arni Clerodendron Phlomidis Verbinaceae 4 Danti Baliospermum montanum Euphorbiaceae 5 Dhavdi Woodfordia fruticosa Lythraceae
  7. 7. 7 S.No. Local Name Botanical Name Family 6 Ankol Alagium salvifolium Alangiaceae 7 Bharangmool Clerodendron serratum Verbinaceae 8 Mindhan Randia dumentorum Rubiaceae ClimbersClimbers 1 Galo Tinospora cordifolia Menispermaceae 2 Patha Cyclea peltata Menispermaceae 3 Shatawari Asparagus racemosus Liliaceae 4 Vachhnag Gloriosa superba Liliaceae 5 Dodi Leptadenia reticulata Asclepiadaceae 6 Anantmool Hemidesmus indicus Asclepiadaceae 7 Malkangni Celastrus paniculata Celastraceae 8 Garni Clitoria ternatea Fabaceae
  8. 8. 8 S.No. Local Name Botanical Name Family 9 Hadsankad Cissus quadrangularis Vitaceae 10 Shikakai Acacia concina Mimosaceae 11 Vidarikand Pueraria tuberosa Fabaceae 12 Kadva Parvar Trichosanthes cucumerina Cucurbitaceae HerbsHerbs 1 Satodi Boerhavia diffusa Nyctaginaceae 2 Kidamari Aristilochia bracteolata Aristilochiaceae 3 Neerbrahmi Bacopa monnieri Scrophulariaceae 4 Brahmi Centella asiatica Apiaceae 5 Chitrak Plumbago zeylanica Plumbaginaceae 6 Senna Cassia angustifolia Caesalpinaceae 7 Kariyatu Andorgraphis paniculata Acanthaceae 8 Bala Sida cordifolia Malvaceae 9 Shalparni Desmodium gangeticum Fabaceae
  9. 9. 9 Sr.No. Local Name Botanical Name Family 10 Prushnaparni Uraria picta Fabaceae 11 Pevto Costus speciosus Zingiberaceae 12 Shankhpuspi Convolvulus pluricaulis Convolvulaceae 13 Kamal Nelumbo nucifera Nymphaeaceae
  10. 10. 10 Habit wise utility of Medicinal PlantsHabit wise utility of Medicinal Plants Trees :Trees : 1.1. HerdeHerde (Terminalia Chebula) :(Terminalia Chebula) : Habitat Throughout India, Dangs area of Gujarat, Fruit is used. Medicinal Use Traditional Paste of fruit pulp with honey given in diarrhoea of children Classical - Rasayan, Constipation, Skin diseases, an ingredient of Triphala. Ulcers, sore throat, anaemia, elephantiasis, indigestion, epilepsy, leprosy, asthma and diabetes. Classical drugs Triphla churna, Triphla Gugal, Shivkshar Pachan churna, Triphla Ghrit 2.2. ArjunArjun (Terminalia arjuna) :(Terminalia arjuna) : Habitat In plains of india with foothills of Himalayas, North, South and Eastern Gujarat, Bark is Used. Medicinal Use Heart disorders, Fractures, bleeding piles, ulcers, sexual debility Classical Drugs Arjunarishta, Arjuna ghriut, Arjun kwath, Arjun kshir-pak, Prabhakar vati, Arjun churna. 33 AshokAshok (Saraca asoca) :(Saraca asoca) : Habitat- Naturally occurring in South India, ornamental plant in Gujarat Bark is used. Medicinal Use - Women disorders, Diabetes, Vitiated condition of Pitta, dysentery, Classical Drug Ashokarishta, Ashokavaleha, Ashoka ghrita, Ashoka Kshar,
  11. 11. 11 4.4. SivanSivan (Gmelina arborea) :(Gmelina arborea) : Habitat Throghout india and Gujarat, Root is used. Medicinal Use - Used in Skin diseaese, leprosy, Ulcers etc, Classical Drugs Dashmularishta, Dashmula Kwath, Panchmulyadi kwath. 5.5. ChandanChandan (Santalum album) :(Santalum album) : Habitat Naturally found in South India and Gujarat, Heart wood is used Medicinal Use - Vitiated conditions of Pitta, jaundice, cough, bronchitis etc. Classical Drugs Chandanadi churna, Chandanadi vati, Chandanasava, Chandanabalalakshadi taila 66 PatlaPatla (Stereospermum suaveolens) :(Stereospermum suaveolens) : Habitat Throughout India and South Gujarat Forests, Root is Used. Medicinal Use Traditional use Flower used for purifying water. Classical - Blood purifier, appetizer, diuretic, febrifuge, cooling, aphrodisiac etc. Classical Drugs Brihat Panchmuladi Kwatha, Dashmula Kwatha, Dashmularishta.
  12. 12. 12 7.7. TetuTetu (Oroxylum indicum) :(Oroxylum indicum) : Habitat Throughout India and Gujarat, Root is Used. Medicinal Use - Vitiated condition of Vata and Kapha, cancer, Dropsy, Cough, asthma etc Classical Drugs - Dashmula Kwath, Dashmularishta, Panchmulyadi kwath. 8.8. Ragat RohidoRagat Rohido (Tecomella undulata) :(Tecomella undulata) : Habitat Drier parts of India and Kachchh, Saurashtra and North Gujarat, BarK is Used Medicinal Use - Skin disorders, jaundice, liver disorders, diabetes, cancer, obesity etc. Classical Drugs Rohitakarishta, Rohitaka grhrita, Rohitaka churna, Rohitaka lauha, Rohitakasava. 9.9. Kadvo Saragvo (Moringa Concanensis) :Kadvo Saragvo (Moringa Concanensis) : Habitate - All over india and Gujarat, Bark is used. Medicinal Use Traditional Bark decoction in throat cancer. Classical - Vitiated conditions of Vata and Kapha, inflammation etc. Classical Drugs -
  13. 13. 13 10.10. Vai Varno (Crataeva nurvala) :Vai Varno (Crataeva nurvala) : Habitat Throughout india and south Gujarat Forests, Bark is used. Medicinal Use Traditional - Bark is used in family planning Classical - Vitiated Conditions Vata and Kapha, Heart trouble, Colic, cancer, cough, tubercular glands, inflammations etc. Classical Drugs - Varunadi Kwatha, Varunadya taila, Extract, Varunarishta 11.11. Kapilo (Mallotus phillipinensis) :Kapilo (Mallotus phillipinensis) : Habitat Throughout india with foothills of Himalayas and South Gujarat, Fruit hair is used. Medicinal use - Vitiated Conditions Vata and Kapha, wounds, cough, ulcers, poisonous affections, scabies, rignworm etc. Classical Drugs Kampillaka malhara, Krimighatini vati, Bidnughrita 1212 Bhilamo (Semecarpus anacardium)Bhilamo (Semecarpus anacardium) Habitat Throughout India and South Gujarat, Fruit is used. Medicinal Use Traditional Bhilama oil with charoli oil applied externally in arthritis, Classical - vitiated conditions of Kapha and Vata, fever, diabetes, cancer Classical Drugs - Bhallataka taila, Bhallataka avaleha, Bhallataka parpati, Chincha bhallataka vati, Narsinh churna, Amrut bhallataka Bhallatak manjan, Bhallatakadi lep, Bhallatak pak.
  14. 14. 14 13.13. Salai (Boswellia serrata) :Salai (Boswellia serrata) : Habitat Central and Northern India and North, Eastern and South Gujarat, Gum is used. Medicinal Use - Traditional Gum is used to purify air (Dhoop) Classical Vitiated conditions of Pitta, Asthma, ulcers, skin diseases and rheumatism 14.14. Kanchnar (Bauhinia variegata) :Kanchnar (Bauhinia variegata) : Habitat Throughout India as Natural and Ornamental Tree and Gujarat, Bark is used. Medicinal use - Traditional Skin and throat knots remedy Classical Pitta and Kapha, diarrhoea, skin diseases, leprosy, wounds, ulcers, inflammation, scrofula etc. Classical Drugs Kanchnar guggulu, Kanchnarishta, Kanchnaradi kwath, Kanchan gutica, Tincture of B. varjegata. 1515 Biyo (Pterocarpus marsupium) :Biyo (Pterocarpus marsupium) : Habitat Throughout india and South Gujarat, Heart wood and bark is used. Medicinal Use Traditional Gum is used in tooth ache and leave pest is applied in wounds. Wooden glass for diabetes. Classical vitiated conditions of Kapha and Pitta, leprosy, skin di

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