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Theory of Knowledge. 2. Maps and certainty. Maps and certainty. Key questions. How do we form concepts and ideas of the world? What do we need to be aware of? Of what do we feel certain in life? How sure can we be that any knowledge is certain?. Our mental maps…. W hat is a mental map? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Theory of Knowledge2. Maps and certaintyMaps and certaintyTheory of knowledgeKey questionsHow do we form concepts and ideas of the world?What do we need to be aware of?Of what do we feel certain in life?How sure can we be that any knowledge is certain?TOKTheory of knowledgeOur mental mapsWhat is a mental map?An idea of what is true and false, right and wrong the way in which we understand the world and our place in it. Often called a paradigm or system of thought/beliefBut how accurate/truthful are these maps? Should we rely on them completely? And what is truth anyway?TOK: Mr CoxonTheory of knowledgeHow true is this map?

TOK: Mr CoxonTheory of knowledgeWeve all seen this map but how accurate is it? Discuss as a class, getting feedback on anything they notice about how it is laid out, the relative sizes of the countries4Some truthsOn the map, Greenland and Africa are the same size. In reality, Africa is fourteen times bigger than GreenlandIt is based on the convention that the northern hemisphere is at the top, and the southern hemisphere is at the bottom but how accurate is this? Who is to say that Europe is in the centre of the world and why has it been shown as such?TOK: Mr CoxonTheory of knowledgeHobo Dryer projection

TOK: Mr CoxonTheory of knowledgeThis map is a more accurate representation of land mass but still places Europe in the centre.6By population

TOK: Mr CoxonTheory of knowledgeFrom the top?

TOK: Mr CoxonTheory of knowledge----- Meeting Notes (03/07/2012 13:07) -----Which of these maps is right? What do we mean by 'right', 'correct' or 'true'?8What does this tell us about how we should approach TOK?TOK: Mr CoxonTheory of knowledgeIf our ideas and beliefs come from our family, friends, teachers, books and the media, and because we dont have time to check that everything they tell us is true, there are bound to be lots of inaccuracies woven into our mental maps

TOK: Mr CoxonTheory of knowledgeIt is hard for us to think outside of our customs and conventions

TOK: Mr CoxonTheory of knowledgeWe can never fully map our experiences and understandings maps are always representations never complete in themselves

TOK: Mr CoxonTheory of knowledgeWhat does this have to do with our discussion?

TOK: Mr CoxonTheory of knowledgeIt is not a pipe, but rather a painting of a pipe. Our mental maps are not reality itself, but rather how we interpret and understand reality. TOK seeks to understand how we form these maps, and what the nature of reality is. 13CertaintyList in order the five things in life that you are the most certain ofNow, compare your list with someone else. Can you come to any agreement?TOK: Mr CoxonTheory of knowledgeHow do you know that the below are true?I know that the Twin Towers collapsed on September 11 2001I know that oranges are orangeI know that if a is bigger than b, and b is bigger than c, then a is bigger than cI know that murder is wrongTOK: Mr CoxonTheory of knowledgeHow do you know that the below are true?I know that the Twin Towers collapsed on September 11 2001Were you there?I know that oranges are orangeBut what if you are colour blind?I know that if a is bigger than b, and b is bigger than c, then a is bigger than cSo if some dentists are drunkards and no cyclists are drunkards, are some cyclists dentists?I know that murder is wrongPerhaps you do, but do others? Are you right? Can you be sure?TOK: Mr CoxonTheory of knowledgeThe ultimate truthI know that I existHow do you know?If you cannot get outside of your own existence, how do you know that you or others exist at all?Perhaps we are in a dream, and our dreams are our realityIs the fact that we can think about it proof that we are thinking beings, and therefore exist?TOK: Mr CoxonTheory of knowledgeIn pairs...Reflect on what we have been talking about this session. What will you take away from this session, and what do you need more time on?What one question would you like to bring to next lesson, based on what we have been talking about today?TOK: Mr CoxonTheory of knowledgeIn conclusionOur mental maps might not be as accurate or truthful as we might thinkWhat we think is undoubtedly true might not beTOK lessons explore these ideas and the problems that stem from them However we need to maintain some perspective or we might all go mad!!!TOK: Mr CoxonTheory of knowledge