theology iii: the doctrines of salvation part i common grace election and reprobation the gospel...
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THEOLOGY III: The Work of Christ
THEOLOGY III:The Doctrines of SalvationPart ICommon GraceElection and ReprobationThe Gospel Call and Effective CallingRegenerationConversion1After common grace, the remaining items describe in order the events of salvation (ordo salutis)THEOLOGY III:The Doctrines of SalvationPart II (subsequent presentation)JustificationAdoptionSanctificationPerseverance of the SaintsDeath and the Intermediate StateGlorificationThe Destiny of the Unevangelized2After common grace, the remaining items describe in order the events of salvation (ordo salutis)Ordo Salutis:The Order of the Events of SalvationElection and ReprobationThe Gospel Call and Effective CallingRegenerationConversionJustificationAdoptionSanctificationPerseverance of the SaintsDeath and the Intermediate StateGlorification3After common grace, the remaining items describe in order the events of salvation (ordo salutis)Common Grace[Romans 6:23 & Galatians 6:7-8We must take God seriously, at His word: we all really do deserve to just die, because of our sin.]DEFINITIONCommon Grace is the grace of God by which he gives people innumerable blessings that are not part of salvation4Special GraceDEFINITIONSpecial Grace is the grace of God that brings people to salvation; also known as saving grace.Common Grace differs from Special Grace inResultsRecipientsSource Common Grace does not in itself result in salvation, but is intended (in part) to lead sinners to repentRomans 2:45Examples of Common Grace in thePhysical RealmIntellectual RealmMoral RealmCreative RealmSocietal RealmReligious Realm6Common Grace Special GraceCommon grace Church benefitsSpecial grace Church actions Church actions Common grace1 Cor. 12:27Eph. 4:127Reasons for Common GraceTo Redeem Those Who Will Be Saved To Demonstrate Gods Goodness and MercyGods JusticeGods Glory 8Questions on Common GraceHow has your study of Common Grace changed your perspective on the prosperity and blessings enjoyed by the unbeliever?God is good even to those who will never be saved. Why? 9Election and ReprobationDEFINITIONSElection is an act of God before creation in which he chooses some people to be saved, not on account of any foreseen merit in them, but only because of his sovereign good pleasure.Reprobation is the sovereign decision of God before creation to pass over some persons, in sorrow deciding not to save them, and to punish them for their sins, and thereby to manifest his justice. 10Romans 11:5-6So too, at the present time there is a remnant chosen by grace. And if by grace, then it is no longer by works; if it were, grace would no longer be grace. Grace and works are mutually exclusiveIs faith a work? Lets look at Romans 4Can we believe our way out of sin and death and into eternal life?11A ParadoxYou are saved by the free (sovereign) will of God who chooses to make His plan operate through the choices of humansHis plan is predeterminedMatthew 25:34, Ephesians 1:4, Revelation 13:8, 17:8, 1 Peter 1:20Your choices are real and necessaryDeuteronomy 30:19, Joshua 24:15, John 5:40, Revelation 22:17, John 3:16-1812Election is in the Bible. Why?As a Comfort As a Reason to Praise God As an Encouragement to Evangelism Deuteronomy 7:7-9The LORD did not set his affection on you and choose you because you were more numerous than other peoples, for you were the fewest of all peoples. But it was because the LORD loved you (!)13An Either-Or ExerciseEither Gods choosing you is Required for a human to be saved, or Not required for a human to be saved14An Either-Or ExerciseEither God actuallyDoes choose to save humans, or Does not choose to save humans 15An Either-Or ExerciseEither God actually chooses Freely to save humans, or Not freely to save humans (He is constrained in some way in His choosing)16An Either-Or ExerciseEither a humans choice is Required for that human to be saved, or Not required for that human to be saved17An Either-Or ExerciseEither humans actuallyChoose to be saved, or Dont choose to be saved 18An Either-Or ExerciseEither humans are Able to choose freely, or Not able to choose freely19An Either-Or ExerciseEither Gods choosing you is Required for a human to be saved, or Not required for a human to be savedGods choosing you is required for a human to be savedJohn 6:4420An Either-Or ExerciseEither God actuallyDoes choose to save humans, or Does not choose to save humans God actually does choose to save humansExodus 33:19Ephesians 1:4-621An Either-Or ExerciseEither God actually chooses Freely to save humans, or Not freely to save humans (He is constrained in some way in His choosing)God chooses freely to save humansDeuteronomy 7:7-8Romans 11:5-622An Either-Or ExerciseEither a humans choice is Required for that human to be saved, or Not required for that human to be savedA humans choice is required for that human to be savedRevelation 22:17Romans 10:9-13Luke 11:2823An Either-Or ExerciseEither humans actuallyChoose to be saved, or Dont choose to be saved Some humans actually choose to be savedJohn 6:35-37Some humans actually dont choose to be savedJohn 5:4024An Either-Or ExerciseEither humans are Able to choose freely, or Not able to choose freelyHumans are not able to choose freelyDeuteronomy 29:29Matthew 16:17John 6:4425An Either-Or ExerciseWe should not say choose freely because the phrase is ambiguous. It could meanHaving every available option as a potential selection, orHaving every motive fully under ones control, orHaving every unseen influence fully under ones control.Choose freely begs a question: Are humans omniscient (A) or are humans omnipotent (B & C)?Humans are neither26Free will is a fictionTotal autonomy is not possible, since the FallTheological efforts based on fiction are doomed to failureElection is required, if any human is to be saved27N, S, and N&S ConditionsFor a human to be saved, it is necessary for him/her to choose to repent and believe the GospelLuke 13:3John 3:1828N, S, and N&S ConditionsFor a human to be saved, it is necessary for God to choose to save that humanJohn 15:19Acts 22:14Matthew 22:14No person is saved that is not first chosen by God29N, S, and N&S ConditionsGods choosing you is sufficient to bring about your salvationJohn 10:28-29It is enough to save you30N, S, and N&S ConditionsGods choosing you is necessary and sufficient to bring about your salvationWithout it, you cant be savedandIt is enough to save you31The Drowning Man AnalogyA man is drowning in the middle of a lakeHe tries to save himself, and cannotHe cries out for helpA man in a boat arrives The drowning man reaches upThe man in the boat reaches down32The Drowning Man AnalogyWhat is necessary for the man to be saved from drowning?What is sufficient for the man to be saved from drowning?Faith is the drowning man reaching upGrace is the man in the boat reaching down, and grabbing the drowning manHe is saved by grace, through faith Ephesians 2:833The Effective CallingThose whom he predestined he also called; and those whom he called he also justified. Romans 8:30The calling is powerful: 1 Corinthians 1:9The calling is necessary: 2 Thessalonians 2:14The calling is to call Him: Jeremiah 33:334The Effective CallingAn act of God the Father, speaking through the human proclamation of the gospel, in which he summons people to himself in such a way that they respond in saving faith. Contrasts with external calling, which can be (and is) resisted35RegenerationI tell you the truth, no one can see the kingdom of God unless he is born again. John 3:3Regeneration is a secret act of God in which he imparts new spiritual life to us We play no active role at all in regeneration 36Passively Made Alive!James 1:181 Peter 1:3Ezekiel 36:26-27Ezekiel 37: the valley of dry bones Colossians 2:13Ephesians 2:52 Corinthians 5:1737More on RegenerationThe Exact Nature of Regeneration Is Mysterious to UsIn This Sense of Regeneration, It Comes Before Saving FaithGenuine Regeneration Must Bring Results in Life
38The Destiny of the UnevangelizedRestrictivismGod doesnt save those who fail to hear of Jesus and come to faith in Him before they dieScriptural supportJohn 14:6Acts 4:121 John 5:11-12Ronald Nash: http://www.henryinstitute.org/commentary_read.php?cid=191 39The Destiny of the UnevangelizedRonald Nash: http://www.henryinstitute.org/commentary_read.php?cid=191
40The Destiny of the UnevangelizedUniversal Opportunity Before DeathAll people are given a chance to be saved by Gods sending the gospel, one way or another, or by middle knowledgeScriptural supportDaniel 2 Nebuchadnezzars dream (especially vss. 21 & 47)Acts 8:26-39 Ethiopian eunuchRev. 1:1 God can send an angel41The Destiny of the UnevangelizedInclusivismThe unevangelized may be saved by responding to God based on the revelation they haveScriptural supportJohn 12:32Acts 10:431 Tim. 4:10Parables42Criticisms:Poor exegesis of the parables, Pharaohs hardening, premessianic believers: they dont teach inclusivism, but do teach Gods love for and desire to save lost humanityPremessianic Jews/God = Unevangelized/God???Infants/God = Unevangelized/God???Mentally incompetent/God = Unevangelized/God???Smuggles in a requirement of belief in a personal God, but cant account for this in impersonal Hinduism, nontheistic Buddhism, etc.Strangely silent on the nature of the FallFaith principle lacks support, is contrary to Rom. 10:9-13General revelation is made virtually contentlessInclusivism seems to blend in with universalismFallacies employed: strawman, complex question, false dichotomy, word-loading, quoting out of contextInclusivism diminishes greatly the value of preaching the Gospel
Inclusivist - John SandersReleased from Huntington University for his vigorous promotion of open theismNow a visiting professor at UMC Hendrix CollegeNarrowly avoided expulsion from ETSBelieves the effects of Christs atonement are not limited to those who bear the external badges of being Christians