The Vegetarian Breastfeeding Mothers

Download The Vegetarian Breastfeeding Mothers

Post on 27-Jan-2015

113 views

Category:

Health & Medicine

10 download

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

A collaborative of web resources of the vegetarian breastfeeding mothers. Targeting on diets plan during breastfeeding. Nutrients deficiency to a child and more insights.

TRANSCRIPT

<ul><li> 1. The Vegetarian Breastfeeding Mother Collaborate by Karen Ho, dated 16 August 2013 </li></ul><p> 2. INDEX 2. Vitamin B12 and Vegetarian Diets Vitamin B12 Deficiency Digestion and absorption of Vitamin B12 Vegetarians and Vitamin B12 status Vegetarians infants and Vitamin B12 status Vitamin B12 in the vegetarian diets Vegetarian meal plan and food sources 1. Know Your Option. Know Your Right Traditional After-Birth Care Theory and Nutrition Case Study Valerie Lynn Post Pregnancy Wellness Coach Collaborate and prepare by Karen Ho, Interaction Designer, IT Medical Journal of Australia 3. A balanced vegetarian diest supports healthy breasfeeding Calories Needs and Weigh Loss High calorie, high nutrient foods Fluids Needs Meal plannning guidelines for breastfeeding vegetarians Important nutrients Vegetarian Diets During Lactation 3. INDEX 5. The Vegetarian Breastfeeding Mothers Vegan and Types of Vegan Breastfeeding Mothers on vegan diets 4. Healthy eating for vegan pregnant and breastfeeding mothers Queensland Dietitians Last reviewed: June 2013 Leaders, USA 6. A balanced vegetarian diest supports healthy breasfeeding Infants Formulas Formula Milk and Soya Milk The Best Diets for Breastfeeding Weigh Loss and Milk Loss Protein Requirement Vegan Baby and Children The Vegan Society 7. Breastfeeding Mothers and Fenugreek Breastfeeding and Herbs Collaborate and prepare by Karen Ho, Interaction Designer, IT 4. INDEX 9. Prenatal and Postnatal Care, Feeding and Dietary 8. Nutrient Adequacy of Exclusive Breastfeeding for the Term Infant During the First Six Month of Life World Health Organization Geneva WHO 2002 Pre-Post Natal Care 10. How much milk do my baby need? Estimating and Calculation of Expressed Milk Collaborate and prepare by Karen Ho, Interaction Designer, IT 5. Know your option, know your right Traditional After-Birth Care Theory and Nutrition By Choicesinchildbirth Valerie Lynn is Americans first Post-pregnancy Well- ness Coach and founder of the Post-pregnancy Well- ness Company. She is introducing an entirely new paradigm regard- ing after birth care in the United States based on Eastern influences. Her book, The Mommy Plan, Re- storing Your Post-pregnancy Body Naturally Using Womens Tradi- tional Wisdom, is gaining global recognition in the child birth industry as she has explained core tenants of traditional after birth guidelines surrounding a mothers diet, activities and personal care during the first 6-8 weeks after child birth. Valerie is the International Country Co- ordinator of Malaysia, for Postpartum Support International (PSI); and is on the Board of Advisors for the After Birth Project, a documentary- in-the-making on the lack of after birth support in the United States and the social effects. Valerie is the first foreigner, in Malaysia, to be university strained in traditional after birth care and is a practicing Tra- ditional Postpartum Practitioner. She offers training in traditional after birth care, herbal body treatments, massage and abdominal wrapping, and is the Sole US distributor of a unique traditional Postnatal Care Set. Resources: By Valerie Lynn, Author, The Mommy Plan This entry was posted on March 7, 2013 at 3:06 pm and is filed under Postpartum Health Website URL: http://choicesinchildbirth.wordpress.com/category/postpartum-health/ 6. Know your option, know your right Traditional After-Birth Care Theory and Nutrition By Choicesinchildbirth Case Study: By Valerie Lynn, Author, The Mommy Plan In May 2007, I returned to the U.S. after living in Asia for ten years. That same month, I gave birth to my son, Jordan. I quickly realized that in the United States specific, structured care for mothers after delivery didnt exist and still doesnt today. Ive asked myself why this is the case many times over the years. Care during the first six weeks post-natally is deemed as a crucial healing period to at least three billion people around the globe. Why is this period not deemed as equally important in my own country, where we have at least 4 million births per year? I at- tribute this to the medicalization of birth and the diminished role of the midwife, beginning in the early 1900s. Our heritage of after-birth care has been lost. There is no longer an understanding of the transition of a womans body back to a non-pregnant state and the intense healing pro- cess that goes on in those first few weeks. The Humoral Theory of Medicine All after-birth traditions, practices, and guidelines are based on one of the oldest scientific theories in the world, the Humoral Theory of Medi- cine. According to this ancient theory, there are four conditions in the human body: hot, cold, moist, and dry, and they must remain in balance. The Humoral Theory of Pregnancy states that a womans body is out of balance and in a hot state while pregnant, as her body primarily func- tions as an incubator to support a growing and developing baby. The hot state is due to additional sources of heat, such as: raised level of hor- mones, babys body heat, the placenta and amniotic fluid, as well as a 50% increase in the volume of blood. All of these factors combine to raise a mothers body temperature throughout pregnancy by 1-1.5F. In fact, the first scientific pregnancy test was an elevated temperature for two weeks outside of the menstruation period. When a baby is born, a mothers body temperature drops the same amount, 1-1.5F below the normal body temperature. The decrease is due to the loss of heat sources, namely the babys body heat, the pla- centa, amniotic fluid, and blood, along with exhaustion from labor. At this time the mothers body shifts into a cold state and the Humoral Theory of Medicine can be applied to the post-pregnancy period, when the body is again out of balance. 7. Know your option, know your right Traditional After-Birth Care Theory and Nutrition By Choicesinchildbirth Case Study: By Valerie Lynn, Author, The Mommy Plan Sustaining &amp; Raising Body Temperature Traditional post-pregnancy recovery guidelines emphasize the impor- tance of raising a mothers internal body temperature at a consistent pace over the six weeks after delivery. Therefore, all guidelines sur- rounding a mothers diet and beverage intake, personal care, and activ- ity during this time are based on the notion that, due to the mothers body being in a cold state, the remaining heat must be protected and maintained, ensuring no body heat escapes. In addition, a post-baby body has specific nutritional and energetic temperament needs than when it was in a pregnant state, which can be met by consuming nutrient dense healing foods. Heaty foods are Healing Foods A traditional after birth diet, whether from Asia, Latin America or else- where, is one where food is used as medicine to help accelerate the bodys natural healing capabilities. Since a mamas body is in a cold state after delivery, only heaty foods should be consumed. The word heaty refers to the capacity of a particular food, herb or spice to gener- ate a hot sensation and warming within the body. This is not to be con- fused with food being overly spicy, a taste sensation that provides a sharp spicy taste and causes sweating. That sort of heat is not good for a mamas recovering body. Foods deemed as having a cold temperament should not be consumed during the healing period after delivery, as this may delay the natural in- crease in body temperature and shock the bodys digestive system. In turn, this could interrupt the healing process, lower body temperature further, and prolong the recovery process. Most vegetables are considered to have a cold temperament and theo- retically shouldnt be consumed at this time. However, the coldness may be counteracted by the way the vegetables are prepared. For example, adding fresh ginger root while cooking makes vegetables warm, thus acceptable to eat and good for recuperation. A nutritious, wholesome, and natural diet should always be encouraged. However, even good foods can be trouble for the digestive system during the immediate post-pregnancy period due to the unique state of a mamas body after delivery. 8. Know your option, know your right Traditional After-Birth Care Theory and Nutrition By Choicesinchildbirth Case Study: By Valerie Lynn, Author, The Mommy Plan Some of the traditional foods to avoid are nutritious and healthy such as broccoli, tomatoes and cauliflower. Please take note that it is only during the post-birth recovery period, when the body is in a weakened state, that specific foods should be avoided; by no means are they per- manent recommendations. Post-pregnancy Dietary Plan After childbirth you should continue to eat well. One hour after the pla- centa is birthed the body begins its transition back to a non-pregnant state. Over the first six weeks postpartum a mamas body goes through an intense internal workout as a significant amount of healing takes place. Pregnancy is approximately 259 280 days or 37-40 weeks, and in just 42 days or six weeks, (medically speaking) the physical shrink- age of the perinatal organs is back to normal and most of the loss of re- tained water, fat, and gas takes place. This healing time equates to 15% of the total amount of time spent in a pregnant state. With this in mind, dont you think a post-pregnancy dietary plan is just as important as a dietary plan during pregnancy? Three billion people around the globe do. By avoiding foods that interfere with the healing process you allow your body to have a stronger and more balanced recovery in a shorter period of time. Dont Underestimate Traditional Post-Pregnancy Care The childbirth industry is in transition as more mothers are searching for ways to help speed up their recovery after childbirth. The United States is one of only four countries in the world that does not require employ- ers to provide paid maternity care. Women therefore need to return to work as soon as they are able. Western countries are no longer under- estimating the effectiveness of traditional post-pregnancy care, but trying to understand them. As women across the world are embracing more natural products and services into their lifestyles, western mamas are searching for natural ways to recover from childbirth. Post-pregnan- cy care that facilitates healing at a faster rate is becoming increasingly valued in modern cultures where women must resume their normal lives within weeks after delivery. 9. 8/15/13 Vitamin B12 and vegetarian diets | Medical Journal of Australia https://www.mja.com.au/open/2012/1/2/vitamin-b12-and-vegetarian-diets 1/11 Advanced Search Clinical focus Vitamin B12 and vegetarian diets Carol L Zeuschner, Bevan D Hokin, Kate A Marsh, Angela V Saunders, Michelle A Reid and Melinda R Ramsay MJA Open 2012; 1 Suppl 2: 27-32. doi:10.5694/mjao11.11509 Abstract Vitamin B12 is found almost exclusively in animal-based foods and is therefore a nutrient of potential concern for those following a vegetarian or vegan diet. Vegans, and anyone who significantly limits intake of animal-based foods, require vitamin B12-fortified foods or supplements. Vitamin B12 deficiency has several stages and may be present even if a person does not have anaemia. Anyone following a vegan or vegetarian diet should have their vitamin B12 status regularly assessed to identify a potential problem. A useful process for assessing vitamin B12 status in clinical practice is the combination of taking a diet history, testing serum vitamin B12 level and testing homocysteine, holotranscobalamin II or methylmalonic acid serum levels. Pregnant and lactating vegan or vegetarian women should ensure an adequate intake of vitamin B12 to provide for their developing baby. In people who can absorb vitamin B12, small amounts (in line with the recommended dietary intake) and frequent (daily) doses appear to be more effective than infrequent large doses, including intramuscular injections. Fortification of a wider range of foods products with vitamin B12, particularly foods commonly consumed by vegetarians, is likely to be beneficial, and the feasibility of this should be explored by relevant food authorities. Vitamin B12 (cobalamin) is an essential vitamin, required for DNA synthesis (and ultimately cell division) and for maintaining nerve myelin integrity. It is found almost exclusively in animal-based products including red meats, poultry, seafood, milk, cheese and eggs. As vitamin B12 is produced by bacteria in the large intestines of animals, plant-based foods are generally not a source of vitamin B12. It is therefore a nutrient of concern for vegetarians and particularly for vegans who choose an entirely plant-based diet. A cross-sectional analysis study involving 689 men found that more than half of vegans and 7% of vegetarians were deficient in vitamin B12. Vitamin B12 deficiency Vitamin B12 deficiency is a serious health problem that can result in megaloblastic anaemia, inhibition of cell division, and neurological disorders. Folate deficiency can also cause megaloblastic anaemia and, although a high folate intake may correct anaemia from a vitamin B12 deficiency, subtle neurological symptoms driven by the vitamin B12 deficiency may arise. Loss of intrinsic factor, gastric acid or other protein-digesting enzymes contributes to 95% of known cases of vitamin B12 deficiency. Other factors that may contribute to vitamin B12 deficiency are listed in Box 1. However, in vegetarian and vegan populations, dietary insufficiency is the major cause. Furthermore, high levels of folate can mask vitamin B12 deficiency a concern for vegetarians and vegans whose folate intake is generally high while vitamin B12 intake is low. The addition of vitamin B12 to any foods fortified with folate has been advocated to prevent masking of haematological and neurological manifestations of vitamin B12 deficiency. Subtle neurological damage (even in the absence of anaemia) may be more likely in vegans because of their increased folate levels preventing early detection of vitamin B12 deficiency. Vitamin B12 deficiency can also lead to demyelinisation of peripheral nerves, the spinal cord, cranial nerves and the brain, resulting in nerve damage and neuropsychiatric abnormalities. Neurological symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency include numbness and tingling of the hands and feet, decreased sensation, difficulties walking, loss of bowel and bladder control, memory loss, dementia, depression, general weakness and psychosis. Unless detected and treated early, these symptoms can be irreversible. 1 2 3 4 13 4 14 4 3,4 10. 8/15/13 Vitamin B12 and vegetarian diets | Medical Journal of Australia https://www.mja.com.au/open/2012/1/2/vitamin-b12-and-vegetarian-diets 2/11 Digestion and absorption of vitamin B12 The digestion of vitamin B12 begins in the stomach, where gastric secretions and proteases split vitamin B12 from peptides. Vitamin B12 is then free to bind to R-factor found in saliva. Pancreatic sec...</p>