the syrian refugee crisis our role as an organization, community and individual

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Syria Capital: Demascus Population million (World Bank, 2013) President: Bashar al-Assad Official language: Arabic Climate: varies from the Mediterranean type in the west to extremely arid desert conditions in the east.

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The Syrian Refugee Crisis Our role as an organization, community and individual Introduction More than 250,000 Syrians have lost their lives in four-and-a-half years of armed conflict, which began with anti-government protests before escalating into a full-scale civil war. More than 11 million others have been forced from their homes as forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad and those opposed to his rule battle each other - as well as jihadist militants from Islamic State. Syria Capital: Demascus Population million (World Bank, 2013) President: Bashar al-Assad Official language: Arabic Climate: varies from the Mediterranean type in the west to extremely arid desert conditions in the east. 90.3% of the population are Arabs 9.7% consists of the other ethnic groups in the region Other Ethnic Groups: Assyrians Kurds (2 nd Largest ethnic Group) Armenians Turkmens Circassians Ethnic Groups 87 % of the population practise Islam Sunni, Alawi, Ismaili and Shia 10% Practice Christianty Orthodox, Uniate, Nestorian 3% Druze >1% Yazidism Religion Arabic (Official Language) Kurdish Armenian Aramaic (old) Circassian (old) French English Languages What is Islamic State (IS)? - members IS members are jihadists who adhere to an extreme interpretation of Sunni Islam and consider themselves the only true believers. They hold that the rest of the world is made up of unbelievers who seek to destroy Islam, justifying attacks against other Muslims and non-Muslims alike. What is Islamic State (IS)? - Origin 2004 Al-Queda in Iraq (AQI) 2006 Islamic State in Iraq (ISI) Al-Nusra front against president Bashar Al- Assad 2013 Merge: Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIS) June, 2014 ISIS declared the creation of a caliphate and changed its name to Islamic State (IS) What is considered part of the Islamic State? What is IS known for? Fear & Destruction Access to weaponry Wealth Life in Syria Boys stand on buildings damaged by Syrian Government shelling in the Syrian town of Ma`arat al-Nu`man in Idlib Province, April 5, Ma`arat al- Nu`man still receives fire from Syrian Army forces 2km away, but is held by the SRF (Syrian Revolutionaries Front) The Syrian Refugee Crisis The 1951 Refugee Convention spells out that a refugee is someone who "owing to a well- founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality, and is unable to, or owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country." The Syrian Refugee Crisis 13.5 million people inside Syria need urgent help 6.5 internally displaced Over 250,000 people have died in the conflict 4.5 million Syrians have sought refuge in the neighbouring countries. April 5, Atmeh, Idlib, Syria: Men sit in front of one of many smaller tent cities. The Atmeh camp sits just cross the border from Turkey, inside Syria. It is not one organized camp, but a series of small tent cities that have sprung up since the start of the war as people began to be displaced by fighting. Estimates place the total population of the camp at around 30,000 persons. (Nish Nalbandian/Polaris) Migrants wait to be registered at the stadium on the Greek island of Kos. Picture: ANGELOS TZORTZINIS/AFP/Getty Images What is Canada doing? Obstacles Faced by Newcomers Language Culture Shock Change in economic & social status Family Dynamics Isolation Mental health Racism, Discrimination, prejudice, stigma Strengths and Resources Adaptability Education Getting settled 5 Ways to Help 1. Private sponsorship 2. Furniture donations: it can be quite costly to furnish an entire home for a newly arrived family. Refugees do not have the chance to bring along their belongings, and have to start all over. Government sponsored refugees receive assistance through CCLC but additional support is always welcomed. 3. Winter clothing: There is a high demand for winter clothing, from coats to boots, socks, sweaters, hats mittens and scarves, for both children and adults. These items can be new or gently used. For some of the refugees, this might be their first snowy winter. 4. Kitchen and bathroom supplies: pots, pans, spices, utensil, towels, toiletries such as toothbrushes, shampoo, and deodorant, again the cost of these items add up 5. Your time is the most valuable item that you can donate. What sort of help might a recently arrived refugee need? Feel Welcomed Getting Around Conversational English Patience Professional Support Simply being there Source: Refugee action - UK Diversity within Diversity Cultural awareness Cultural differences Code of Ethics Right to self determination. We will respect and support the right of the refugees to make their own decisions about their lives. Right to privacy. We will respect the right of the client to privacy. Competence. We will respect our duty to act competently Transparency. We will be transparent in our services, towards those seeking support Equity. We will strive to make our relationships as equitable as possible, by being aware of power dynamics and guarding against risks of abuse of power Financial integrity. We will maintain integrity in financial and business relationships and avoid actual or perceived conflicts of interest. Concluding support. We will work to ensure a satisfactory conclusion to the support for all concerned

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